Deutsch — Interviewed. John Rawls — The Spirit of Susan Strange — Questioning Kenneth N. Waltz — Frantz Fanon — Deep Hanging Out with Michel Foucault — Hedley Bull — Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction Contemporary International Relations is as much a conversation between the living and the dead as it is among the living. Editors and affiliations. Danish Institute for International Studies Denmark 3. Aberystwyth University UK. But unlike his Eton educated co-star, Callum grew up on a council estate with his single mum, devouring films as a child.
Little did he know then that he would one day star in them too. Benji Wilson meets the cheeky charmer on page Forgive me, Jilly. Who should be the next prime minister and why? James Norton. Later licencing laws. Doctor Who or Marty McFly. Only someone who can go back in time can get us out of this complete and utter mess. If you were mayor for a day, which one law would you pass? People who drop litter should have litter dropped on them. You feel most comfortable when… Reading in the bath. Except when I drop my Kindle, which is about one in every three baths.
Alex Ferguson. Free Theatre Fridays. Subsidise all theatres for matinee shows for the disadvantaged. You feel most comfortable when I feel a constant nostalgia for , so maybe David Cameron should come back and everything will be OK. I would scrap business rates for bookshops. Creators of exceptional leather luggage and bags, with artisanal craftsmanship invested in every stitch. Factory Open Day Meet the family, tour the working factory, enjoy our pop-up tea rooms and see our full range of bags. Bank Holiday Monday, August 27th 10am to 4pm.
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So every few years, I find a bag, then whatever the weather An appendage, a third arm, a Mary Poppins hold-all. But even I realised that my current limb was feeling sad and looking tatty. So I found a new friend; a tan Gucci satchel with classic red and green webbing strap.
However, when it turned up the poor thing looked knackered, so I called up The Restory, a company that gives a second act to clothes and accessories, pieces whose narrative is far from over. They collected, gave. I wonder if they take humans? Yup, recycled plastic. But a visit to new hotel Heckfield Place in Hampshire, got me thinking.
By the way… Heckfield Place is heavenly; ignore the overly clean red brick exterior and once Cycling round inside enjoy the peaceful colour Amsterdam at palette, sip a cocktail in the Moon the new Soho House sleepover. Modern British art collection. Dotted throughout the tenderly decorated Queen Anne house, they give an earthy weight to each space.
Time to start my own compendium. We eat, hang out and entertain our visitors who come from all over the world. What has been the most valuable piece of advice you have ever received? I was raised in a Benedictine monastery and I loved the philosophy, which taught me about community and contributing. Every day is different, and I like it that way. Favourite secret place in London for a good night out?
What was the last song you listened to that made you dance? What never fails to bring a smile to your face? Talking to people who have loved one of our designs enough to bring it home and make it part of their everyday life. I love stories like that. What brings out the worst in you and why? What would really improve your life? I recently spent some time in a village right on the edge of rural China, it was the most incredibly peaceful place up in the mountains. We met a family of weavers, who spend days weaving linen by hand and then dye it using natural indigo that grows in the mountains — the techniques are thousands of years old.
It was an amazing experience to reconnect with ancient makers in that way. Everyone knows where it is. What is the last book you read and what did you think of it? Setting the Table by Danny Meyer. Grooming men for greatness since From our personalised barbershop services to our finely crafted products, we provide the guidance, confidence, knowledge, tools and inspiration every man needs to put his best face forward.
Expect a mix of technical and urban pieces, from mountain shoes and salopettes to ski goggles and backpacks, all with the inimitable signature Chanel detailing. The beauty of Hampshire has inspired artists and writers throughout the ages, and still does to this day. Sculptural silhouettes and rich fabrics make for shoes that are almost too beautiful to wear… Almost. Until they were each separate companies, both with shops in Bond Street. The store at 55 Piccadilly. Though it is best known for its antique jewellery, today it often engages with contemporary artists.
But the thing I like best is that almost everything they sell is a complete one-off — you can be sure you will never come across anything else quite like it. Mostly Samarkand is known for making charming lampshades from vintage saris but it always has a collection of old kanthas which can be used to upholster a chair or sofa or simply used as a throw or bedspread. Now if you look great in an itsy bitsy bikini these are not for your but for the rest of us, the fun, floral one-pieces are flattering and modest — endearing qualities one and all.
SKIN DEEP Lucia Magnani, director of the LongLife Clinic in Castrocaro Terme, has just launched her delectable range of beauty products, designed for more mature skin and based round mineralrich earth elements such as microquartz crystal technology and potent antioxidants. Also, a beard trimmer. Power dressing: I always feel my best in my navyblue Tom Ford tux. Whenever I have a wedding or black tie affair, this is my go-to look. Style crush: Nothing is more chic than the older man decked out in Italian designer clothes; I aspire to be that stylish. Lounge lizard: I live in my Alo Yoga sweats and long-sleeved shirts.
All of their clothes are soft — almost like pyjamas. Wardrobe failsafe: A great pair of jeans. Having jeans that fit makes me feel polished and put together. My favourite brands are 7 for All Mankind and John Elliot. Secret labels: One of my favourite labels that I rarely see men wearing is Hudson.
Some of my best denim jeans and jackets are made by them, and for the look and fit, the price is very reasonable. Best online retailers: My go-to is Mr Porter, which is easy to navigate and the customer service is exceptional. Here in New York, packages arrive the next day, which is awesome for last minute events. Volve training clients, my everyday uniform is a pair of jeans, suede Saint Laurent boots and an Orlebar Brown tee — simple, clean and, most importantly, very comfortable.
I want to start streaming workouts in my living room, specifically practicing yoga. Owning my own business and training clients back to back, I rarely have time in my day to incorporate a workout — and one that is meditative — of my own. Style cheats: I love my Saint Laurent leather jacket.
You play Robert Gestalt in The Rook — describe your character in three words Blonde, lonely, dangerous. Do you prefer working on stage, TV or film? Did you have to do any training for your roles in The Rook or Mortal Engines? After ten hours arguing in a conference room or running through central London, I just need to laugh at something silly. With wine. UK November Reach for instant and intense hydration. Dr Sebagh Serum Repair immediately hydrates and plumps the skin whilst leaving it feeling firmer and tighter. Use this skin care legend on its own, or mix with any serum or moisturiser. Available in-store and at drsebagh.
It was a very relaxing experience, no tugging or pulling, Stacy just sews the wefts of hair extensions which are unbelievably fine as they are hand tied and unlike any I have seen before onto a fine plait so there is a lot of support for the hair — and within 45 minutes I have the hair of my dreams. No wonder models and beauty editors alike are clamouring to get an appointment. Once you have bought the hair it can be re used many times, and every eight weeks you will need it tightened.
X and The Natural Extensions Co. After years of experience applying hair extensions, Stacy wanted to create a system that was quick to add, quick to remove just eight minutes! I put Natural. X Slavic Hand Tied Wefts to the test. Here are her tips for staying well as the seasons change:. Sticky pear, nut and ginger loaf Rich in the antioxidant vitamin C, pears help support the immune system, maintain connective tissues and are an excellent source of dietary fibre. Grease and line a two-litre loaf tin.
Add the ginger preserve and caramelise for mins, make sure the pears are covered but retain their shape. Add the milk, stir and cool. Make a well and pour in the milk mixture, fold the flour in to form a smooth batter. Then mix in the eggs, nuts, stem ginger and caramelised pears. The Happy Kitchen A guide to eating for mental health, targeting insomnia mood swings, anxiety and stress. Ayurvedic Yoga Massage Combines the benefits of a deep tissue oil massage, yoga and mindfulness meditation.
Hidden beneath the pavements of the grandest street in Bath, Spa 15 is an excellent addition to this art-filled boutique hotel. Expect 70sinspired long point collars, a gorgeous navy number and ruffle fronts for serious socialites. T-shirts, sweats and bucket hats are out now with outerwear dropping next year. They have joined forces with knitwear king John Smedley to produce a capsule including delightful and colourful unisex jumpers.
Our pick is the Shaftsbury holdall in beautiful burgundy, a perfect weekend travel companion. Expect chandeliers aplenty, coral pianos and impeccable tailoring. Opening 3 November.
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Furniture that will always look good, that will wear well, that will endure. Furniture that will stand the test of time. Patrick Grant and Jake Greenall were spotted trying their luck on the bucking bronco while Berry Bros. Swedish luxury brand Byredo went all out for the opening of its official European flagship store in London, inviting the cream of the fashion crop to discover its new fivefloor destination. In craftsmanship and technology, Wolf stands alone.
Its professional performance helps you make the most of every meal. With the animals tucked up in bed, explore a trail where fairytale meets fantasy and larger-than-life pea-lit wild animal sculptures rise high into the night sky. Immerse yourself in sparkle as the path draws you through the Light Vortex and into contrasting tunnels, some delicate and some spectacular, festooned by a Tunnel of Light of over , It will be your chance to be one of the first to experience this magical illuminated trail. Entries close on 2 November Entrants will be notified by 7 November As you walk beneath playful ribbons of colour-changing lights, the mesmerising voices of Singing Trees can be heard in the distance.
Ahead, the glowing fountains at the iconic Penguin Pool dance in time to the sound of Christmas classics. You can continue to soak up the atmosphere with family rides, including a vintage carousel, whilst you enjoy traditional treats. For information on Christmas trails around the country visit mychristmastrails. Time slot subject to change but will be confirmed in advance. Parking costs are not included. Travel costs are not included. Prizes are not transferable and may not be used in conjunction with any other offer.
There are no cash alternatives. Until 8 Nov. Now in its 19th year, Hay Winter Weekend is a smaller version of the main literary festival with festivities centred around an atmospheric market square, food festival and vintage fleamarket. Traditional loden fabric is brought right up to date with our brand new fur trim parka.
Cut with a stylishly feminine fishtail back hem, it features a zip and stud front fastening, drawstring waist, lightly padded internal lining and is crowned with a luxurious detachable fur trim. Available in olive and blue loden. The play also acknowledges British institutions that can offer support. Until 27 October. From 6 Nov. The gaps and openings he has created in his aluminium and acrylic wall works, suspended sculptures and a monumental maze allow viewers to consider how they experience space, seen, unseen or imagined. This sinister tale of greed, betrayal and revenge explores gender politics and human struggle.
Martin Parr Foundation, Bristol Our most renowned anthropological photojournalist has his own gallery, library and archives. This autumn he will turn the space over to Paul Trevor, a photographer who has recorded life in inner-city Britain since Trevor is truly a voyeur with a poetic eye. Hepworth Wakefield, Yorkshire In urban landscapes, we crave nature. Garden dens, grassy corners and tree stumps form palaces of childhood imagination.
From pictures of scarecrows to tower blocks sprouting in rural climes, the images are a powerful testament to the importance and fragility of the natural world. Until 22 April. I have an on-going project about mad Christmas houses — several around London are absolutely bonkers — and there are bigger versions in America. It started when I was born, That sounds a bit excessive but my granny gave me a little Bakelite Christmas tree when I was two.
Vegas is the epitome of the American dream. Curtains: Kalamkari. Brighton Settee from Thibaut in Tansman. Until 30 Dec. If it succeeds as well as Aztecs or Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years , it is bound to be the artistic talking point of Two hundred works from private and state spheres will bring the pacific region and its archipelagos to the public imagination.
From Tahiti in Polynesia to the islands of Melanesia, art flourished there over centuries. Remarkable symmetry for a surprising show. Until 10 Dec. New to the market, Brentingby Gin is a classic London Dry style of gin, updated for the modern market. Sebastian Faulks The German Occupation of France between and is the darkest period of modern French history, until recently too painful, too divisive for the French themselves to confront. It was easier simply to bury it.
It also has much to say about the impact of migration, on the migrant and the host country alike. Tariq is a young Moroccan who runs away from home, coming to France as an illegal immigrant. Hannah is an American academic researching the role of women during the Occupation while Julian is a British writer and longtime resident of the city. Although all three are outsiders, Paris nonetheless forms part of their mental hinterland — the echoes of the title — and as the novel progresses they gradually reconcile themselves with the past.
Paris Echo teaches us much about France under the Occupation. It is a good example of how fiction can be just as effective — and more engaging — a platform for the retelling of history as conventional historical writing. Otherwise, life would be like being permanently on the Internet. Just one-dimensional. It is an unavoidable, indissoluble part of life in the city, intrinsic to its charm and inseparable from its present, and the animating spirit of this enjoyable, stimulating novel.
Love is Blind tells the story of the obsessive, ill-fated love affair between Brodie Moncur, a young Scottish piano tuner, and Lika Blum, a siren-like Russian soprano. The action takes place between and , criss-crossing Europe from Edinburgh to St Petersburg. Flight is the only escape from the vortex of turmoil and vengeful rivals in love into which Brodie has fallen.
Many of the contributors are well known: Hilary Mantel, Martin Amis and Graham Swift, for example, while others to this reviewer, at least are less so. Hensher bemoans the difficulties authors now face in bringing their short stories to public notice, but his anthology proves that the British short story nevertheless remains in rude, entertaining health. The story follows two Oxford undergraduates as they hitchhike across Europe during the summer of The novel takes a while to come alive but Mawer captures superbly the fear and suspicion that dominated life in the former Communist Bloc countries while his description of the battles between the heavily armed Russian troops and the young Czech protestors is shockingly atmospheric.
There are seasonal pop-ups springing up all over London — find the best of them in our guide, along with our round-ups of the best Sunday roasts, afternoon teas and brunches in the capital. Fill your diary with the best goings-on in country and town yearround. Keep the kids entertained over half term with our guide to the best events and activities happening in country and town.
The Stork is an exclusive introduction service for those who want more than just a partner. We bring together affluent, educated and discerning people all of whom have one thing in common - to have a child or start a family sooner rather than later. Whether for the first time or the second. Whether within a traditional romantic coupling or outside.
We are the first of our kind in the world. Back then it was all coal mines and steel with Sheffield its manufacturing jewel in the crown. After retiring from athletics I represented a constituency in Cornwall that still maintained the remnants of tin mining and a bygone age. Over a quarter of a century later, I found myself back in touch with mining, this time in Australia which I consider my second home. Iron ore mine, Christmas Creek sits at the heart of the Pilbara, pretty much in the middle of nowhere.
Over lunch with the Chief Operating Officer, we were discussing the plight of one of his staff who had survived a potentially deadly snake bite but was back at work just three months later. He observed that the victim had a heart the size of Phar Lap. I knew Phar Lap was the stuff of Australian legend. Phar Lap won in , lifting the trophy as the shortest price favourite in the history of the Cup.
He has walked off with 12 trophies and they stretched from to So this month, my great sporting day out is the Melbourne Cup. It is nearly 20 years since I made my debut at the Flemington race course in Melbourne. After Australia adopted the metric system in , it ceased to become a two-miler and is now raced over 3,m for three-year-olds and over. The brainchild of Frederick Standish, a member of the Victorian Turf Club, the race has come a long way since it was.
On that occasion, a not so modest cash prize and a gold watch was at stake. So, on the first Tuesday in November, most Aussies are only really thinking of one thing; the atmosphere matched only by the alcoholic intake. In Melbourne, that seems to start around sunrise. And only a year earlier, a French-based horse lifted the trophy. The impact of the race also goes way beyond betting slips on the day. In , the Cup itself began an annual tour around Australia, attracting on one occasion over , people at Flemington.
Add it to your bucket list. In the past, owning a motorbike could make you a social pariah. Now the best machines cost more than a family hatchback and are ridden by wellheeled city-types looking for wind in the hair fun. The iconic American brand offers a range of machines that give off a laidback, super cool attitude. Pick of the bunch is the latest Road King Special. The perfect all-round cruiser, it majors on style and provides instant cred at it chugs around the city streets. Powered by a thumping engine, the whopping V-twin has a low-down grumble that is pure theatre.
Only a Harley sounds this good purring down the Kings Road. The Road King needs a car-sized parking space too, while the left-hand clutch lever can be a work-out in itself.
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Just pottering along the A20 through Kent astride a Harley-Davidson can be equally as satisfying. Well, apart from the heat off the engine. The latest model has an oil-cooled cylinder head — Harley has always been air-cooled for years. The low seating position also makes it easy to plant your boots firmly on tarmac. The Road King is surprisingly agile at low speeds, while that squat seating position makes cornering a simple pleasure, even for a novice like me. It inspires confidence on a fast, sweeping bend through the countryside.
Most modern bikes are loaded with safety technology these days, this one even has ABS brakes. New front forks and shock absorbers add to the improved ride. One of the most important Victorian gardens in Britain, Ferdinand de Rothschild — for whom Waddesdon was built — developed the garden for the amusement of his guests. The parterre is replanted twice a year using around , plants and the aviary garden boasts a sculpture created for the gardens of Versailles.
All are grown without the use of artificial chemicals, light and heat and are per cent organic. Angus Hyland and Kendra Wilson trace the history of mazes throughout the world and touch upon those in myth and folklore. On was never frightened, actually. No, I was never frightened Thursdays during term, Kime would take a bus from outside his about that sort of thing. The renowned dozen shops along the way. He would have lunch in Burford and the items would be delivered to his rooms for him interior decorator and antiques dealer was alone in the country, to sell. He then spent a month in a coma; a year buy big pieces of furniture, but I found some beautiful items.
They still have left for me to press on with that. The doctors said it would take eight years before life would get I wonder where his eye comes from? Some back to normal. She will come in to shop and pick things out. I mean you can, but then it looks boring. She was in the for the late Duke of Beaufort at Badminton. I think I listen Long lunch. Then Miriam said come back and start was six. He grew up in Cheshire where his parents had Neither suit buying again. So I did. At the bidding of an old woman, a poor peasant invites the first person whom he meets on the road, who is a stranger to him, to stand as godfather.
It so happens that this is the King, who therefore holds the child at the christening, and gives him the name of Roland. The Queen has been confined at the same time, and her child called Joseph. When a year has passed by, the King sends for the little Roland, and adopts him as his child. Roland and Joseph grow together, and look on each other as brothers.
When they are twenty years of age, the King one day rides away and leaves them the keys of all the rooms, all of which they may open but one. Roland, however, is so curious that on the third day he persuades Joseph to go into the forbidden room with him. It is entirely hung with cloth, but when Roland lifts this up he beholds the portrait of a wonderfully beautiful maiden, and faints at the sight; Joseph carries him out.
Roland is restored to consciousness, but from that hour is sick with love, and knows no rest until they both go to the kingdom where the King's daughter lives. She is shut up in a tower for seven years. In the evening she is taken in a closed carriage to her parents, and early in the morning before daybreak back again to the tower. Roland and Joseph cannot see her even once, and have to go home as they came.
Then their father gives them four ships; three furnished with cannon, and one with the most beautiful wares. They sail thither, and give out that they are merchants, and Joseph begs the King to make a law that only one person at a time may go on board his ship, as it would otherwise be too much crowded.
This is done, and now the King himself comes on board the ship, and after him the Queen, and they buy largely. And as all the things are so beautiful, their daughter is to see them too. But no sooner has she stepped on board than the anchor is raised, and the lovely bride carried away. The King sends a ship to bring her back again, but that is sunk by the cannon. During the voyage Joseph is one night on the watch, and hears a murmuring, and a voice which cries, "Do you know any news?
Then he again hears the voices. He, however, who speaks of this will be turned into stone to the height of his heart. He, however, who speaks of this will be stone to his head. Joseph mounts his, and cuts the black one's head off. All are astonished and excited, and ask the cause, but he replies, "I may and dare not tell you.
At last at night when Roland and his bride are already asleep, Joseph walks with his drawn sword backwards and forwards in the room before the window. Suddenly something begins to roar and bellow, and a dragon thrusts in his seven heads. He cuts them off at one blow, and the blood spirts into the room and fills his boots. The watch hearing the noise, summon the King, who comes, and when he opens the door the blood streams out to meet him, and he sees Joseph with drawn sword. Then Joseph cannot do otherwise than tell him all, and is immediately encased in stone, so that no one can see anything of him but his head, which seems to be asleep.
In the course of a year the young Queen brings a son into the world, and then she dreams on three successive nights that if Joseph is smeared with the blood of the child he will be set free. She relates her dream to Roland, who summons together all the counsellors of the kingdom, who say that indeed he must sacrifice his child for the sake of his friend. So the child is christened, and then its head is cut off.
Joseph is smeared with the blood of the child, the stone disappears forthwith, and he stands up and says, "Alas, dear brother, why hast thou awakened me? I have slept so sweetly. When he has already wandered about for three-quarters of a year, and troubled at heart that he can find no help, seats himself beneath a tree, an aged man comes and gives him two small bottles wherein are the water of life, and the water of beauty. Joseph now carries the child home, but is forced to beg, as he has nothing left. After a quarter of a year, he reaches his father's castle, and then he sits down on the bridge and rubs the child first with the water of life, which restores it to life, and then with the water of beauty, which makes it more fresh and beautiful than all others.
Thereupon he takes it to its parents, who rejoice over it with all their hearts. There is a third variant in Wolf's Hausmarchen , p. It is evidently the saga of the faithful friends, Amicus and Amelius. The one while appearing to wrong the other, in reality gives his life for him; on the other hand, the latter sacrifices his own children in order to bring his friend back to existence, though, by a miracle, these are preserved.
The counterpart of the voluntary sacrifice of a pure virgin's life in Der arme Heinrich is to be found in the story of Hildebrand, the faithful master of Dieterich; and the story of the Child Oney may be said to form a connecting link between them. Compare The Two Brothers No. The fate which in Hartmann's poem is announced by the physician, is here declared by the ravens-birds of destiny. The bridal-shirt 1 a woven one, as it is called, in the language of the people, in contradistinction to one which is cut out which consumes with fire whosoever puts it on, resembles the garment which Dejanira sends to Hercules, and Medea to Glauce.
In our story it has apparently so happened that a witch for some reason or other desires to destroy the young King. In the corresponding, but still very individual Italian story Pentam. A Russian story in Dieterich, p. A ship is similarly equipped, in the poem of Gudrun and following on the voyage when Horand has to fetch Hilda. Such garments play a large part for good or for evil, in mythology. When Ragnar Lodbrog went on his last expedition to England, Aslanga his wife, who foreboded evil, gave him a shirt she had woven of fine grey silk in which no stitch had been put. He wore it instead of armour, and none could wound him, though at length he was captured.
Finally, he was thrown into a pit full of snakes, none of which would touch him till the shirt was removed. See Ragnar Lodbrog's Saga, 16th chapter. From the neighbourhood of Paderborn. The amusing trick by which the peasant transfers the beating to the sentinel and the Jew, is similarly related of Tamerlane's fool Nasureddin Flogel's Geschichte der Hofnarren , p. It is also told in Sacchetti's th story of a countryman who brings back to a King of France his lost hawk. Bertoldo amplifies something of the same kind. The peasant in his story is to have a beating, but he entreats that the head shall be spared.
He therefore does not receive the beating, but those who follow him, for he is the head or leader. Bertoldino also appeases the frogs by throwing gold pieces at them. See Hagen's preface to Morolf , pp. From Lorsch near Worms. It seems as if the story were not quite perfect; a reason ought to be given why the musician, who, like Orpheus, can entice animals to follow him, treats them so deceitfully.
There is a similar story in Transylvania, as Haltrich remarks No. From Zwehrn, but there the incident of the maiden noticing the twelve children's shirts and inquiring about her brothers, is wanting. We find it in another, otherwise meagre story, likewise from Hesse. There is a similar incident in The Six Swans No. In Wigalois a red standard denotes a combat for life and death Compare in the Pentamerone , The Seven Doves iv. Also the Lithuanian story in the report of the meetings of the Viennese Academie der Wissenschaften, xi.
From Paderborn. It resembles Herr Korbes No. From two stories from the Maine district which complete each other; in one of them the incident is wanting of the little stag springing into the midst of the chase, and enticing the King by its beauty. According to another version which H. It stands by the river, and calls across to the little sister's window,. The dogs of the lord they chase me; They chase me, oh! But the little sister had already been thrown out of the window by the stepmother and changed into a duck, and from the water a voice came to him, saying,.
Afterwards when the little sister goes into the kitchen to the cook, and makes herself known to him, she asks. What does my bell do, does it still ring? What does my little son, does he still smile? Blatter , 1. The Swedish story, which is otherwise identical, lacks this feature. See further on. Melusina, after her disappearance, comes to her little sons Dietrich and Raimund, warms them at the fire, and suckles them; the nurses watch her, but dare not speak Volksbuch.
The Servian song of the walled-up mother who hushes her child, may be compared with this, and also a story in Le Foyer Breton , of Souvestre, pp. Although again very different, La biche au bois , D'Aulnoy, No. Schulz tells this story in his Kleine Romanen Leipzig, , 5, , only too diffusely, though undoubtedly from oral tradition. It begins in the following manner: A witch has a young girl with her, to whom she entrusts all her keys, but forbids her to enter one room. When, however, impelled by curiosity, she does enter it, she sees the witch sitting in it with two great horns.
The girl is now placed, as a punishment, in a high tower which has no door. When the witch brings her food, the girl has to let down from the window her hair, which is twenty yards in length, and by this, the witch ascends. In these stories it frequently occurs that the father, or more usually the mother, in order to gratify a momentary desire, pledges away her coming child. It is often asked for and given, in veiled or mysterious terms; for instance, the mother is to give what she carries beneath her girdle.
In the old Norse Alfskongssage a similar incident is to be found, chap. Othin grants Signy's wish that she may brew the best beer, in return for which she promises him what is between her and the beer-barrel, namely, the child which she is about to bear. Compare the Sagabibliothek of P.
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Muller, ii. In the Danish Volkeslieder, for instance, that of the Wilder Nachtraben , there are promises of the same kind. Salebad, Firdusi Schack, p. In Busching's Volkssagen , p. In the Pentamerone it is Petrosinella , ii. From two tales, both from Hesse, which complete each other. In the one from Zwehrn, the beginning with the boot being used as a test is wanting. In Denmark the common people call them by the very similar name Hyldemand Thorlacius, spec. The curse on the wicked daughter, that a toad shall spring out of her mouth with each word that she utters, appears in a third story, which we likewise heard in Hesse, and for that reason have inserted.
There is a story with some affinity to this from Austria,. Reward and Punishment which is allied to Frau Holle No. Compare Perrault's Les Fees No. The punishment of being rolled in a barrel stuck full of nails is an old custom. The old song says,. When he was taken out of it, and asked how he felt, he answered,. See Casp. Commelin's, Beschryving van Amsterdam, 1. From a story from the Principality of Corvei, but it is from Hesse that we have the version with the three women, all of whom are afflicted with some peculiar defect caused by spinning.
In the former there are only two extremely aged women, who have become so broad from sitting that they can hardly get into the room. They have thick lips from wetting and licking the thread; and from drawing and pulling it they have ugly fingers, and broad thumbs. The story from Hesse begins differently; for instance, that there was a King who liked nothing so much as spinning, and for that reason, on taking leave before going a journey, he left behind him for his daughters, a great chest full of flax which was to be spun by his return.
In order to release them from this, the Queen invited these three misshapen women, and on the King's arrival set them before his eyes. A man who on one occasion sees this, asks what is the meaning of it. The mother answers, "I cannot keep her from spinning; she spins away more flax than I can procure. At this she is secretly terrified, but she takes it and puts it in her room, and considers what she is to do. Then three women come in front of her window, one so broad with sitting that she cannot get through the door of the room, the second has an enormous nose, the third a broad thumb.
They offer their services to her, and promise the bride to spin what has been given to her if, on her wedding-day, she will not be ashamed of them, but will declare that they are her aunts, and place them at her table. She agrees to this, and they spin the flax, for which the bridegroom praises the bride. So when the wedding-day comes, the three horrible women appear also, and the bride pays them great honour, and says they are her aunts.
The bridegroom is astonished, and asks how she comes by such repulsive relatives. One of them is so broad with sitting, the other has quite licked away her mouth, and that makes her nose stand out so, and the third has twisted the thread so much with her thumb. A third story from Upper Lusatia, by Th. Pesheck, is in Busching's Wochentliche Nachrichten i. One of the three old women has blear-eyes because the flue of the flax has gone into them, the second has a great mouth reaching from ear to ear from wetting her thread, the third is fat and unshapely with sitting so much at the spinning-wheel.
In Swedish, Cavallius, p. The beginning of Ricdin-Ricdon , by Mlle. I'Heritier, resembles it, and Le sette cotenelle , in the Pentamerone , bears some affinity iv. From different stories current in Hesse. In Swabia it is a wolf which is in the sugar-house. See in Caroline Stahl's Stories, p. The house of sweetmeats see further on.
Bechstein, vii. Volksbuch , p. In Danish the Pandekagehuset see further on. In Swedish, Cavallius, pp. In Hungarian, Stier, p. In Albanian, Hahn, , In Servian, Wuk, No Oberlin gives a piece, in the dialect of the district of Luneville, in his Essai sur le patois. Clearly allied too, especially in the beginning, is Nennillo and Nennilla in the Pentamerone , and so is the first part of Finette Cendron in D'Aulnoy, No. In this there are three King's children who are twice brought home by the cleverness of the youngest; the first time by a thread which had been given to her by a fairy, the second by strewn ashes; the third time, the two elder provide an expedient and scatter peas, but the pigeons eat them, and the children cannot find the way back.
In a Tyrolese story, Zingerle, p. Hansel is connected with Thumbling No. There are six children; he is the seventh. When they are in the forest with the man-eater, they have to comb his hair, but Thumbling springs in among it, pulls it, and always comes back again.
Afterwards there is the changing the seven crowns during the night for the seven red caps. Thumbling puts all the purses of money and valuables into the seven-league boots. To this group also belongs a Tyrolese story in Zingerle, p. The old German fable Altd. From two stories which only differ from each other in trifling matters, the one from Hof am Habichtswald, a village in Lower Hesse, the other from a village near Paderborn. A Greek saga may be traced in it. Polyidus is to restore life to Glaukos, but is unable. The enraged father therefore has him shut up in the tomb with the corpse.
Polyidus sees a snake creeping up to the dead body, and kills it. Soon afterwards a second snake comes carrying a herb in its mouth, which it lays on the dead one, by means of which it at once comes to life again. Polyidus quickly snatches the herb, lays it on Glaukos, and he returns to life. See Apollodorus, iii. Compare with this a Hun story, in Stier, p. The woman's desire that the survivor shall allow himself to be buried with her, recalls the Norse saga of Asmund and Aswit, who, when they adopted each other as brothers, exchanged a similar promise.
Asmund afterwards caused himself to be taken into the barrow with the dead Aswit, but took with him a store of provisions which was sufficient to support him for a time; he was afterwards drawn up by a lucky accident Suhm's Fabelzeit , ii. A similar custom between man and wife is found in Sindbad'e voyages Nights , ii. The unfaithfulness of the woman after coming to life again, seems originally only to have been intended to express that she had begun a new life and forgotten the old one.
Sir Walter Scott, as usual, seized on this superstition and used it in one of his stories. Mordaunt is trying to save Cleveland, and Bryce remonstrates with him thus, "Are you mad? Wot ye not, if ye bring him to life again, he will be sure to do you some capital injury? From Hanau. The story of the Queen of the Bees No. By eating a white snake, one learns to understand the speech of animals, as in the Sagas of the Seeburg Deutsche Sagen, i. The same result is produced by eating the heart of a dragon or of a bird.
See Donkey Cabbages , No. According to a Scotch saga, the middle piece of a white snake roasted by the fire gives a knowledge of supernatural things to any one who shall put his finger into the fat which drops from it. See Grant Stewart, pp. Compare with this The Magic Horse , in Straparola, iii. The Nugoe venales , S. Pruna, faba et stramen rivum transire laborant, Seque ideo in ripis stramen utrimque locat.
Sic quasi per pontem faba transit, pruna sed urit, Stramen et in medias praecipitatur aquas. Hoc cernens nimio risu faba rumpitur ima Parte sui: hancque quasi tacta pudore tegit. Strasburg , the fable of the mouse and the coal travelling occurs with the variation that both make a pilgrimage to church to confess their sins, and, in crossing a little brook, the coal falls in, hisses, and is extinguished. The cat and mouse travel, the straw breaks, and the cat falls into the water, at which the mouse laughs so that she bursts.
In a Wendish story, see Haupt and Schmaler, p. Compare Neue Preuss. In Transylvania a duck, a frog, a mill-stone and a red-hot coal travel together, and the two last are drowned. Haltrich, No The AEsopian fable of the thorn-bush, the diver, and the bat Furia , , Coray 42 ought to be mentioned.
This story has been excellently well taken down by Runge of Hamburg, in the Pomeranian dialect, and it was kindly communicated to us by Arnim, as early as in the year It was afterwards printed in Runge's works also. It is often told in Hesse, but imperfectly and with variations. Domine complains of his ill luck and goes out to the sea.
There a little fish stretches forth its head and says,. He goes home to his wife and asks what he is to wish for. He goes to the sea and cries,. And now the wishes begin: first a house, then a garden, then oxen and cows, then lands and kingdoms, and so on to all the treasures of the world. When they have wished for everything they can wish for, the man, says, "Now I should like to be God, and my wife to be the mother of God. Then back with thee to thy pig-stye. In Justus Kerner's Poetical Almanack for , pp. The fisherman is called Hans Entender. Heidelberg, it appears also, but in prose.
The fisherman Hans Dudeldee lives with his wife in a hut, and is so poor that they have no window, but are forced to look through a hole, where there has been a knot in the wood. He first begs the fish to give him a house, and so on until he is emperor; at last he desires to be able to make sunshine and rain as God does, where upon they find themselves sitting in the hut again, looking through the hole in the planks.
It is much more meagre as a whole. The beginning of the story strikingly reminds us of a story in the Nights 1. The feature of the wife inciting her husband to seek high dignities is ancient in itself, from Eve and, the Etruscan Tanaquil Livy , 1. The first half is taken from two stories from Hesse, which compliment each other. This part can stand alone, but as it fits naturally to what has gone before, it is here joined to it, and therefore re-written.
In the first edition may be seen the unaltered copy. Allusion is made to the story by Fischart, in Gargantua b , "I will kill you like the midges, nine at one blow, as the tailor did," and in Flohhatz Dornavius , 39b. Also in Simplicissimus chap. And a passage in Freiberg's Tristan alludes to the tailor's cunning when he takes a cheese instead of a stone,. A part of this story is from a Lower Austrian story in Ziska, p.
The little tailor begins his journey, and enters the service of the giant, whom in the distance he had taken for a mountain. The story is spread over the whole of Germany. In Kuhn, No. In Stober's elsass : Volksbuch , p. Kiobenhavn, , pp. The hero strikes fifteen flies dead at one blow with his garter, the renown of which great deed is so spread abroad, that a prince takes him into his service, that he may deliver his country from a wild boar. The animal devours a fruit which causes sleep, and is easily killed by the shoemaker.
He then overcomes the unicorn, and lastly a bear, which he shuts up in a brickmaker's oven. There is likewise the following characteristic story in Dutch, from a book on folk-lore published in Amsterdam. Van Kleyn Kobisje, alias Koningh sonder Onderzaten , p. King without subjects. It is to be found also as a supplement, in an almost identical form in another Dutch book on folk-lore; Clement Marot, pp. He made a fly-killer, and when the flies settled on the apple-parings to eat them; he killed seven at one stroke.
He leapt up from the table, imagining that he had performed a valiant deed, and had thus become a great man; sold all he had, and caused a pretty shield to be made for himself on which he had inscribed, "My name is young Kobis the dauntless, I slew seven at one stroke. At length the sun began to shine brightly, and the King could not imagine what it was that was glittering so, and immediately sent a nobleman thither. When the nobleman came up, he was alarmed when he read, "My name is young Kobis, the Dauntless; I slew seven at one blow.
They went thither as the King had ordered, and approached and examined him, but none of them would be the first to speak to him. At last one of the crowd was bold enough to take a spear and touch the sole of his shoe with it. Up he sprang with great vigour, and they fell on their knees, and entreated him to be pleased to go to the King, which he did.
When he came to the King, he was treated with great respect. Meanwhile he was informed that he might become the King's son-in-law, but that there were three difficult things which he must first do for him. In the first place there was a wild boar which did a great deal of mischief, and no one could capture it. Secondly, there were three giants, who had made the King's forest so dangerous that any one who traversed it was a dead man. Thirdly, several thousand foreigners had invaded the land, and the realm appeared to be in great peril.
He accepted these conditions, and they told him the way to the place where the wild boar lurked. Full of courage he left the court. He was, however, so terrified when he heard the wild boar that he wished himself back again by his cutting-board. The wild boar came rushing on him with such fury that he looked for a safe place to escape to, espied a ruined chapel, and took refuge in it. The wild boar followed him, but with all speed he sprang through the window over the wall, and shut the door of the chapel.
No sooner was the wild boar secured, than Kobisje went to the King, who said to him, "How didst thou catch the wild boar? He took his bag and filled it with stones, climbed up a high tree, and threw a stone at one of them, who thought one of the others had done it, and began to scold, and tell him to leave off throwing stones, or he would box his ears soundly. He threw stones at the second, who likewise began to swear.
The third was treated in the same way. He got up, drew his sword, flew at the other, and stabbed him and he fell down on the ground. Then he attacked the other and after a long struggle both fell to the earth exhausted. Kobisje seized the opportunity, came down and took the sword of the dead one and stabbed the two others, cut off their heads, and went back to court again. The King asked him if he had performed the task?
He answered, "Yes. He answered thus, "I took one giaut by his legs and belaboured the other with him till he dropped down dead, and I paid off the other in the same coin. And as the one I was holding by the legs was half dead, I struck him with such force against a tree that it flew up six feet high into the air.
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Then he once more made ready, and the nobles of the court with him, and he had an army of brave men of whom he was the general. Having taken leave, he began his third task. He bade the troops march onwards, and followed on horse back. But as he had never cidden on horseback he had great difficulty in keeping his seat. When they had arrived at the place where the enemy was, he ordered his troops to draw up in order of battle, and was soon told that all was ready.
He did not know how to turn his horse round, drew the wrong side of the bridle, spurred his horse, and it went off with him full gallop towards the enemy. As he could not hold the bridle fast, he clutched at a wooden cross by the wayside, which broke off and he held it tightly in his arms.
When the enemy perceived him, they thought that he was the Devil, and began to fly, and those who could not escape were drowned. The others unloosed their ships from their moorings and sailed away. After this victory, he returned to his noblemen, and the whole army, and told them of his conquest, and how he had completely routed the enemy.
He went to the King, and informed him of the victory, and the King thanked him. Moreover he had him proclaimed his suc cessor to the throne. The wedding-day was fixed, and great preparations were made for it. When the wedding had taken place, he was held in high esteem, and always placed next the King. It hap pened however that nearly every night Kobisje dr that he was sitting by his cutting-board once more, and his mind was always filled with this or that thought about his work, and he cried aloud, "Courage, courage, bestir yourselves, in six or seven hours you will leave off work," for he was fancying that he was giving his apprentices something to cut or sew.
The princess was alarmed, for she thought that he must be possessed by the Devil, as he was always babbling, "Courage! The father resolved to place a company of soldiers by his bed-side who were to take him prisoner or kill him if they heard him say this. He however, was warned, and when he was in bed he thus exclaimed, "I have overcome a wild boar, I have killed three giants; I have slain an army of a hundred thousand men, and shall I be afraid of two or three companies of soldiers to-night? On hearing him, they fell head over heels from the top of the stairs to the bottom. Those who lay dead, or had lost legs and arms, were very numerous, and those who ran away, took such news to the King, that he said, "My daughter ought to be wiser than to affront such a great knight!
Also some incidents in a Tyrolese story, Zingerle, p. In a Russian ballad in Wladimir's Tafelrunde see further on , Tugarin performs in earnest what the little tailor only pretends to do, and throws a stone so far that it never comes back at all. The saga of the conquered wild-boar is also to be found in the Buch von den sieben weisen Meistern , p. The giant proposed that they should strike their heads against the fir-trees. The boy anticipating this, had made a hole in a tree and covered it with bark.
They both ran, the boy burying his head in the tree while the giant only split the bark. The giant roared till the mountains trembled, and great rocks tumbled down. The boy cut a branch from a tree, saying he would bind it round the giant's head for fear it should burst when he shouted.
The giant prayed him not to shout, and said they would try instead who could throw the farthest. He produced a great hammer which he threw so high in the air, that it appeared no larger than a fly. The boy said he was considering which sky to throw the hammer into, and the giant, fearing to lose his hammer, asked the boy not to throw at all. At midnight the giant came and aimed heavy blows at the bed. In the morning when the boy, in reply to the giant's enquiries, said he had felt some chips falling on his face during the night, the giant thought he had better send him away.
This he did, giving him as much money as he could carry. Return to place in notes. From three stories current in Hesse. One of them from Zwehrn is without the introduction, where the dying mother promises her help to her child, but begins at once with the unhappy life of the step-child-the end also is different. After Cinderella has lived happily with the King for one year, he travels away and leaves all his keys with her, with the order not to open a certain room. When he is gone however, she is persuaded by the false sister to open the forbidden room, wherein they find a well of blood.
Into this the wicked sister afterwards throws her, when she is lying ill after the birth of a son. The sister lies down in the bed in her place, but the sentries hear the cry of lamentation, and save the real Queen and the false one is punished. This termination resembles that in the story of The little Brother and Sister No. A fourth from Mecklenburg has an ending which reminds us of the well-known saga of St.
Aschenputtel has become Queen, and has taken her step-mother, who is a witch, and her wicked step-sister to live with her. When she gives birth to a son these two lay a dog beside her, and give the child to a gardener who is to kill it; and they do the same thing a second time, but the King loves her so much that he again says nothing about it. The third time they give the Queen and the child to the gardener who is to kill them, but he takes them into a cave in the forest. As the Queen from grief has no milk, she puts the child to a hind which is in the cave.
The child grows, but he becomes wild, and has long hair, and seeks herbs in the forest for his mother. One day he goes to the palace and tells the King about his beautiful mother [ 1 ]. Being asked, "Where is thy beautiful mother, then? On the way, two boys with golden hair meet him.
The truth comes to light, and the witch and her daughter are punished. A fifth story from the Paderborn district begins thus: A beautiful Countess had a rose in one hand and a snowball in the other, and wished for a child as red as the rose, and as white as the snow. God grants her wish. Once, when she is standing by the window looking out, she is pushed out of it by the nurse. The godless woman, however, screams loudly, and pretends that the Countess has thrown herself out. Then she ensnares the Count by her beauty, and he marries her. She bears him two daughters, and the beautiful red and white step-child has to serve as scullion.
She is not allowed to go to church because she has no clothes; then she weeps on her mother's grave, and her mother gives her a key, and bids her open a hollow tree; it opens like a wardrobe and she finds in it clothes, soap with which to wash herself, and a prayer-book. A Count sees her, and in order to catch her, smears the threshold of the church with pitch.
After this all developes itself as in the other stories. Aschenputtel is a miller's daughter, and is likewise not allowed to go to church. There is nothing new in it, except that instead of a dove, a dog betrays the false bride, and barks,. And to the true one: "Wu, wu, wu, How well fits the shoe!