Foods that are avoided: Processed foods: . It is a renowned Chabad custom to avoid eating all processed foods on Pesach, as much as possible. Matzah and wine : The above custom is with exception to Matzah and wine, which due to inability to self produce, is widely purchased from a store or company. Nevertheless, many families are stringent to produce their own wines and even bake their own Matzahs. This refers to a congealed cottonseed oil that was processed by a company under a local Mehadrin Hashgacha.
Thus, one may purchase any Kosher for Pesach oil that contains a most reliable Hashgacha. Nevertheless, there are those who are stringent to only use melted chicken fat [Shmaltz] as their oil base product for Pesach food and cooking. Dairy :  The Rebbe ate dairy products on Pesach.
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Chocolate : There is no source for the statement that the Rebbe ate chocolate on Pesach. He would however, eat sugarless chocolate during the year. Sugar : See C!
From what time are those who are accustomed to not eat processed foods to begin their stringency? From the night of Pesach or from 5 th hour of Erev Pesach? One who is stringent to avoid eating processed foods is to avoid doing so starting from the 5 th hour of Erev Pesach. Salt: . One may not eat salt and other spices on Pesach unless it has a reliable Hashgacha, as we suspect that perhaps Chametz becomes mixed into the salt. Sugar: . The custom of the Rebbe Rashab : The Rebbe Rashab avoided using sugar due to suspicion that a Chametz ingredient was used in the boiling process, or alternatively the workers would dip their breads into it, and there is thus a suspicion that a crumb of Chametz remained in the sugar.
There is a story with the brother-in-law of the Rebbe Rashab who owned a sugar production plant and had made a specially supervised batch of sugar to be used by the Rebbe Rashab on Pesach, despite that even throughout the year there was no suspicion of Chametz in the sugar. When the Rebbe Rashab was brought the sugar cubical his face became stern with concern, and he followed to break open one of the cubicles, and unexplainably a wheat kernel fell out.
The custom to boil the sugar :  Some are accustomed to boil sugar before Pesach and thus make sugar water which they use rather than actual sugar. Fish is to be purchased with a proper Hashgacha for Pesach, as often those who market them place starch and other products that may be problematic. Alcoholic beverages: . The Chabad custom, as well as the custom of many others, is not to drink alcohol on Pesach [other than wine], even if it has a Hashgacha for Pesach. The Chabad custom is not to eat radishes on Pesach.
Garlic: . Garlic is not Chametz, or Kitniyos, and is thus permitted to be eaten over Pesach. The Chabad custom : Some  record that there is no Chabad custom to avoid eating garlic on Pesach. Cinnamon: . Cinnamon is not Chametz, or Kitniyos, and is thus permitted to be used over Pesach. Ginger: . Spice: Although ginger is not Kitniyos  , our custom is not to use ginger [spice] over Pesach due to it having worry of Chametz mixtures.
Fresh ginger :  One may eat fresh ginger that has no worry of Chametz. Horseradish: . Horseradish should only be purchased with a Hashgacha, who verifies that non-Chametz knives are used to cut it. Not to eat hot foods on Pesach: . Some have the custom not to eat hot foods [of degrees] on Pesach being that their teeth cannot be properly Kashered. Food that fell on the ground: .
Food which fell on the ground is not eaten on Pesach, although if the food has a peel there are those who peel it, and then use the food. Stringencies relating to eggs: Stamp on eggs : Egg marking is a standard regulatory procedure followed in many countries to convey information to consumers. The dye used on the eggs in many cases contains alcohol, which may have been produced from Chametz derivatives and hence creates a Kashrus concern regarding Pesach.
Due to this, many are accustomed to purchase eggs without stamps for Pesach, or to wash off the stamps. Some Hashgacha organizations have taken the initiative to ensure that the ink used in companies under their supervision is made from Kosher for Pesach products. The eggs under Tenuva, for example, carry the Hechsher of the Eida Hachareidis, and their dye is free of any Kashrus concern over Pesach.
Washing the eggs before Pesach : One is to wash the eggs before Pesach, or at least before cooking, as quite often the eggs are found together with Chametz feed which gets stuck onto it. Cooking the eggs in a separate pot :  Some are accustomed to use a designated pot to cook the eggs and do not use that pot for any other purpose throughout Pesach. The egg box : One is to search the egg box prior to Pesach to verify it does not contain any grains or Chametz from the chicken feed.
Stringencies relating to produce [fruits and vegetables] Peeling produce: . Many have the custom to peel all their fruits and vegetables and to avoid eating anything which cannot be peeled. Others are not particular in this. Washing all produce prior to Pesach: . Some have the custom to wash all their produce prior to Pesach.
This includes even the bottles of wine and oil. Citric fruits often contain scale insects which must be washed off prior to cutting or squeezing the fruit. This applies throughout the year.
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Purchasing produce before Pesach: . Some are accustomed to purchase all their produce prior to Pesach. From what time are those that are accustomed to not eat spices or unpeeled foods to begin their stringency? One is to avoid eating these foods starting from the 5 th hour of the day. Water related stringencies: Preparing before Pesach: .
Some are accustomed to preparing all their drinking, and cooking water before Pesach. Why is water from the sink permitted to be drunk on Pesach? The water reservoirs from which the house water is supplied from may contain Chametz, such as kernels of grain, or pieces of bread which have been dropped there by animals, or thrown there by people. This raises the question as to whether one may drink from such water starting from the night on Pesach, as starting from the night of Pesach Chametz is not nullified even in x.
Practically, while the custom is to be lenient, as stated above, some are stringent. Filtering: . The custom is to filter drinking water with a clean white cloth in order to prevent any crumbs of Chametz from being consumed.
Not to wipe lips by Mayim Achronim: . The Chabad custom is not to wipe the lips with the water of Mayim Achronim throughout all the days of Pesach. Using hot water in a sink on Pesach:. One can mix cold water into the hot water in order to achieve this quicker. Nonetheless, Bedieved, if one poured hot water into the sink, everything remains permitted, even it was very hot and was poured from a Keli Rishon. Stringencies regarding vessels: A vessel or food that fell on the ground: .
A vessel which fell on the ground is put away and not used for the rest of Pesach. The same applies for food which falls on the ground, although if the food has a peel there are those who peel it, and then use the food. Lending vessels to others: . Some are custom not to lend their Pesach vessels to others throughout Pesach. Forks: . There are those who are stringent to avoid eating with forks on Pesach due to the difficulty involved in cleaning the areas in-between the teeth of the fork.
Eating stringencies: Washing hands : Some are accustomed to wash their hands prior to eating anything. Not to place things on table : One is to avoid placing Sefarim, or any other object that may have been around Chametz, on the table. Nevertheless, some are accustomed not to eat by others at all on Pesach.
Some  however write that the Rebbe negated the use of the word Chametz when in reference to actual existing Chametz. However today this statement is said in reference to all the great stringencies which are accustomed with Pesach, and when he says on them how troublesome they are there is no prohibition in the matter.
However, an unexpected circumstance is included in the Hiddur and thus requires Hataras Nedarim. The reason : As the sustaining of peace is of greater importance than a custom, if the custom is not a Biblical or Rabbinical requirement. The Shach and Beir Heiytiv ibid explain that this Heter only applies for communities within Reinitz who are accustomed to prohibit, unlike the widespread custom to be lenient. However, those who come from a community in which everyone accepts the matter as a prohibition, then there is no leniency accorded even regarding the pots.
The entire letter of Admur was dedicated to explaining the basis behind the stringency. Hence, in truth, there is no real contradiction between the ruling of Admur in the Shulchan Aruch and that in his Shut. This is further emphasized in Admur who rules one may not dip the dough in flour due to the above dispute. However, approximately 20 or more years ago , the custom spread to the Jewish people who are holy to be very quick with the kneading, and it is hence not kneaded well. Semak and Rabbeinu Yerucham] to eat with water. Other opinions : Some Poskim rule there is no need to be stringent not to mix Matzah with water.
Other opinions: Some Poskim rule, that according to all, there is no reason to be stringent against dipping the Matzah in soup and the like if one plans to eat it right away, as it needs to delay 18 minutes to become Chametz. Perhaps due to this second reason, it is permitted to dip it in fruit juice, even though water and fruit juice combined in can make flour become Chametz instantly. Ofen regarding the Rebbe. Rav Leibel Groner corresponded that he has never witnessed such a custom amongst the Rebbe or Chassidim. See Shulchan Menachem ibid that perhaps there it refers to younger children, while in the later Sicha the Rebbe refers to older children.
As while plain water takes at least 18 minutes to ferment, water mixed with fruit juice can ferment instantly. See Chapter 2 Halacha 1B! The reason : Perhaps this is due to suspicion that perhaps water has gotten onto the fruit, such as through condensation, or a wet knife, and the like.
There are many examples of cases in Hilchos Pesach in where we are stringent regarding eating and not regarding owning. As for the reasons why: It is forbidden to eat even a small amount of Chametz, and eating Chametz carries the penalty of Kareis.
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Owning, however, is only Biblically prohibited by a Kezayis. Therefore, it is permitted to do so even according to those Poskim who rule that one may not cook Kitniyus on Yom Tov for the sake of Shabbos in Eretz Yisrael. It should be done much before lighting the shabbos candles. Rabbi Eli Landa told me that in his home they would not cook Gebrochts on Yom Tov for the sake of Shabbos even in such a year.
Having worked as a Mashgiach in a Kosher for Pesach food production, I can attest that it is almost impossible to ascertain that all the workers wash their hands from all Chametz leftovers prior to beginning work on the line. According to this reason one is only to be stringent in avoiding eating processed foods beginning form the night of Pesach.
This was a written telegram to Anash of some part of America or Canada in The reason : The reason for not eating processed foods is due to a suspicion of Taaruvos Chametz. Now, before the night arrives, although Chametz can be nullified, this only applies if it is a mixture of Yaveish Beyaveish or Lach Belach.
However, by a mixture of Yaveish Belach it is not nullified even before Pesach. The reason : Seemingly the reason behind the leniency on Erev Pesach until the night, despite that which is explained above, is because on the night of Pesach begin the severe stringencies of Issur Mashehu, and Issur Kareis for eating Chametz. Thus, although from a Halachic perspective there can be suspicion of Chametz in processed foods even before the night of Pesach in a way that it is not nullified, nevertheless one only begins to suspect for this starting from the night.
Vetzaruch Iyun. Alternatively, perhaps it is because we suspect for the opinion in who holds that starting from the night of Pesach we say Chozer Veniur by all foods that contain Chametz of any amount, even taste, even if it was nullified before Pesach. Although from the letter of the law, it may be eaten, as even if there is Chametz the fish can be washed off before Pesach from any possible salt. Rebbe Akivah Eger sent a proclamation prohibiting it without a revealed reason, saying that he is saving the reason for himself. This proclamation is mentioned in the Teshuvahs of the Tzemach Tzedek and seems to be the source for why the Tzemach Tzedek avoided drinking it.
In many places this stringency became widespread while in others it did not. Amongst Rabbanei Anash, there were those who ruled that it may be drunk on Pesach. The Rebbe Rashab himself would sell his radish jelly before Pesach. The reason : The Poskim state that they do not know the reason behind this custom.
The Temimim then asked Rebbetzin Rivkah if she washes the eggs, and she answered that she is not accustomed to do so. The reason : The reason for not eating unpeeled foods is due to a suspicion of Taaruvos Chametz. The reason : As even if there is some Chametz in the foods certainly it is nullified in 60x within the food, and until the night all the laws of nullification remain applicable. This, however, would not explain why it should be allowed to eat these foods without cooking as explained above.
When he came to the Rebbe Rashab to ask if he can retract this custom being that it had become too burdensome for him, the Rebbe Rashab told him that initially there would not have been an issue for him not to follow this custom, however since he already started it, he should not stop being that this was the custom of the Baal Shem Tov.
The Rebbeim were not stringent to prepare water before Pesach. Accordingly, if a gentile, or non-religious Jew, opens the hot water tap over Chametz, he can prohibit all the water of that reservoir. However, in truth, that most this is just a Chumra, as we do not say Nitzuk Chibur to forbid the source of the water. Thus, in conclusion, one must say that although it is not our custom to specifically not eat by others over Pesach, those who do so as their own personal stringency are likewise not opposing the Chabad custom.
The reason : As Chametz on Pesach is considered like idolatry and one may not think of other G-ds or recite their names. The Rebbe himself said the word Chametz in many Sichas during Pesach. Search For Search. General background and rules of Chumros: The source of Pesach Chumros: The Rishonim  and Poskim  record that the Jewish people are holy and go above and beyond the letter of the law requirements on Pesach. The reason for Pesach Chumros: First Mitzvah we accepted:  The Mitzvah of prohibiting Chametz was the first Mitzvah given to all the Jewish people, and they therefore accepted it with love and affection, and were stringent in it regarding all details.
Hiding your Chumros:  A person should act modestly and keep his Chumros to himself, in his own home, without allowing others to know. Baseless Chumros: Ideally, according to Halacha, one is not allowed to be stringent regarding Rabbinical matters more than the stringencies of the Shulchan Aruch, nevertheless, regarding Pesach, the Jewish people are holy and go above and beyond the letter of the law.
Practical advice for parents: As parents, we all desire our children to be educated with the highest standard of Torah education and piety, and revere our traditions and customs which we wish to inherit into our child. A story with the Rebbe Rayatz-Being Machmir not to offend others with your Chumros: It once occurred by a Pesach meal on the table of the Rebbe Rayatz in New York that a certain uneducated guest dipped his Matzah in the Borscht [beet soup], performing a grave sin in the eyes of the Chassidic brotherhood that were present by the meal.
Chumros in cleaning for Pesach Yisrael Kedoshim Hem: Destroying even Chametz that is allowed to be owned:  Although there are cases in which from the letter of the law one is not required to clean the Chametz, nevertheless the Jewish people are holy [i. The background ruling in Poskim: Background-Dispute in Poskim regarding mixing baked flour in water :  Some Poskim  rule it is forbidden to mix baked or roasted flour with water, as perhaps the flour was not properly baked and it will become Chametz.
Summary: Some Poskim rule that Matzahs that have flour remain on the dough, may not be mixed with water due to a Biblical suspicion of Chametz. Summary: The Chabad custom, as well as the custom of many Chassidim, is not to cook Matzah, or dip it into water, soup and the like. Eating habits followed according to Chabad custom in order to avoid Gebrochts:  Aside for not cooking Matzah, and not dipping it in liquids, the Chabad custom is to be very careful to ensure that the Matzah does not come into contact with liquid, as will be explained: Covering the Matzahs-Eating in bag : When Matzah is on the table with other foods or drinks, the Matzahs are to be kept covered to prevent water from falling on them, and to prevent Matzah from getting into the food [when one breaks a piece off].
Preheat the oven to degrees C. Beat the egg whites on low speed until foamy about 30 seconds. Add the salt, increase the speed to medium-high, and beat until soft peaks form about 1 minute. Gradually add 1 cup ml sugar, 1 tablespoon 15 ml at a time. Continue beating until stiff and glossy about 5 minutes. Fold in the nuts. Spread the meringue evenly into the prepared pan. Bake until light brown about 30 minutes. Meanwhile, melt the chocolate with the oil, stirring until smooth. Let cool. Beat the egg yolks, remaining 1 cup ml sugar, and vanilla until thick and creamy minutes.
Stir in the cooled chocolate.