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Now is the time to build on grassroots momentum and make Green Europe the number-one priority for the coming years. Doing so requires focusing on three main areas. First, Europe must become a carbon-neutral economy by If we want to limit global warming to 1. That means investing massively in future mobility, energy-efficient buildings, and renewables, and in key technologies such as hydrogen batteries, new generations of solar panels, and green chemistry.

It also means applying strict CO 2 emission limits to new passenger cars, public transport, and commercial sea and air transport. And it means making Europe, together with our car industry, the first electric-vehicle continent by Second, Europe must take the lead in the responsible use of resources and become a truly circular economy that minimizes waste. Today, eight billion tons of materials are processed into energy or products annually in the EU. Only 0. We must do much better.

RSF Index: Has a dam burst in Europe? | RSF

In addition to delivering on our plastics strategy , we should focus on four priorities: food waste and the bio-economy, textiles, construction, and fast-moving consumer goods. For example, we can begin with an EU initiative to fight the planned obsolescence of household appliances and electronic devices. Third, we must do much more to protect biodiversity. Once again, the EU should lead the way. We need to strengthen EU legislation on the protection of species, as well as an ambitious plan for the blue economy and the preservation of our seas. And we must launch a real debate with — and not against — our farmers, reviewing our standards and modernizing the Common Agricultural Policy to accompany this green transition.

This massive shift will not happen if its costs fall disproportionately on those least able to bear them. All EU measures should therefore be designed to minimize social costs. At the same time, we need to keep pushing for effective global cooperation, while protecting ourselves from unfair competition. There is no point in having strict EU rules on pesticides or forest management if our imported food and wood is produced in unsustainable ways. Our ecological debts are no less a cause for concern than our fiscal debts! To achieve its goals, a Sustainability Pact would require concerted action on climate, trade, tax, agriculture, and innovation.

The EU must not be afraid to use its regulatory powers. Massive investments will be required, too. This is an achievable target.

Italy, Going It Alone, Stalls the Flow of Migrants. But at What Cost?

Not everything can be done overnight. But we can no longer close our eyes and lungs to what is happening to our environment. And most scientists who relocate to Europe from regions that have fewer resources find that conditions for science — including funding, training opportunities and access to research facilities and lab reagents — are much better than in their native area. Credit: Dmytro Dziuba. This intergovernmental organization involves more than 80 independent research groups at six sites in Heidelberg and Hamburg in Germany, Barcelona in Spain, Grenoble in France, Rome, and Hinxton in the United Kingdom.

Scientists there can rely on some of the most advanced microscopy facilities in the world and receive tailored training in analysis techniques for their projects. EMBL also organizes regular training courses and summer schools, such as in bioinformatics, image analysis or CRISPR—Cas engineering, which visiting scientists from around the world can attend. Strong science hubs in western and northern Europe contrast with less-developed science landscapes in the south and southeast.

No one knows how severely British science will be affected by the United Kingdom leaving the EU and indeed, whether or when that will take place , but some leading UK scientists predict catastrophe. Non-EU scientists should learn well in advance about visa requirements and work permits in their country of choice. They should also check on opportunities — such as the Emmy Noether programme in Germany — to continue their research careers in Europe after their initial funding expires.

If you need to recruit junior scientists, lose no time looking around for talent. Liu had spent eight years as a postdoc at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, before he moved to Belgium in He quickly wrote a grant proposal, but hardly expected to be invited to Brussels for an interview. Relocating also brought some difficult new tasks.

Trump is accelerating Europe's political and economic reset

He found that the research environment at the VIB is as liberal and inspiring as it was in Baltimore. I feel very comfortable indeed. Researchers of any nationality are eligible for ERC grants provided that they are able to do most of the work at an EU research institute. Having it funded was extraordinary.


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National agencies such as the German Academic Exchange Service or the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation also provide stipends and fellowship opportunities for non-EU researchers at all career levels. In her field, she adds, the most eminent scholars were working in Europe. Europe can be expensive, however.

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Since then he has been a lecturer at the University of Colombo in Sri Lanka. Smaller, more affordable university towns, such as Leuven in Belgium or Heidelberg in Germany, offer excellent research conditions and stimulating learning environments, too. And the relatively short distances and good transport connections in Europe also provide opportunities to meet people and establish connections. As elsewhere in the world, early-career scientists in Europe face tough competition for funding and are under pressure to produce and publish results. But a reasonable work—life balance is still easier to achieve in Europe than in countries where the level of social protection is poor and exhausting working hours are common in science.

Bernardo Franklin, an immunologist at the University of Bonn, appreciates regulations in Germany that protect PhD students from exploitation in the workplace.

Credit: Bruna Franklin. Other elements of European culture might not be as easy to digest for scientists who hail from other regions. Maral Dadvar, an Iranian computer scientist at Stuttgart Media University in Germany, felt irritated at first by how reserved some Germans tend to be in everyday life. It also took her quite a while to decipher social conventions. In Iran the limitations would be severe.

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With one exception academic tenure , all of the provisions below stem from European Union legislation. Member states are often afforded flexibility about how they implement directives, perhaps because of negotiated opt-outs or because more generous measures annual leave, for example are already in place. EU directives are in many ways analogous to some US federal laws, which set certain standards but are often enhanced by individual US states.

The United Kingdom, for example, replaced it with a system of permanent and temporary contracts for academics in Username or Email Address. Remember Me.

Migrant crisis: Illegal entries to EU at lowest level in five years

Topics Unlocking capital markets Rebuilding trust Driving diversity Getting pay right. Join us. To purchase a copy of the report, please use the order button at the end of this page. Here is a point summary of the main highlights of the report: 1 Still in recovery: Capital markets in the EU have still not recovered from the financial crisis: at a time when companies in the EU need access to a wider range of funding more than ever, capital markets are on average smaller and less developed relative to GDP than they were a decade ago, despite some encouraging growth in recent years.

Acknowledgements: Thank you to Dealogic, for providing much of the data in this report; Panagiotis Asimakopoulos for doing most of the heavy-lifting on the research; and our members for their invaluable support for our work in making the case for bigger and better capital markets. About New Financial: New Financial is capital markets think tank launched in We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it.