Trackbacks are Off. Pingbacks are Off. Refbacks are On. Mark Forums Read. Voters: 0. You may not vote on this poll. Thread Tools. Haha ya, round of 16 got many potential exciting matches, 1. France vs Argentina 2. Portugal vs Uruguay 3. Brazil vs Germany 4. Switzerland vs Germany derby 5.
Germany vs Korea 6. Belgium vs Japan 7. Some say, though, that we imprison criminals to exact our collective revenge on behalf of the victims. There are two kinds of retributive actions: One is revenge and retaliation, and the other — punishment and requital.
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An individual has no right to seek revenge, but the body politic has the right to punish the criminal. Such punishment is intended to dissuade and deter others from committing similar crimes. It is for the protection of the rights of man and does not constitute revenge, for revenge is that inner gratification that results from returning like for like.
This is not permissible, for no one has been given the right to seek revenge. And yet, if criminals were entirely left to their own devices, the order of the world would be disrupted.
Revenge vs. Justice ThemeTracker
So while punishment is one of the essential requirements of the body politic, the wronged and aggrieved party has no right to seek revenge. On the contrary, he should show forgiveness and magnanimity, for this is that which befits the human world. The body politic, however, must punish the oppressor, the murderer, and the assailant, to dissuade and deter others from committing similar crimes.
But the body politic has the right to preserve and to protect. It holds no grudge and harbours no enmity towards the murderer, but chooses to imprison or punish him solely to ensure the protection of others. The purpose is not revenge but a punishment through which the body politic is protected. The body politic is not prompted by ill will in meting out its punishment; it acts without prejudice and does not seek to gratify a sense of vengeance. Its purpose in inflicting the punishment is to safeguard others and to prevent the future commission of such vile actions.
But what about turning the other cheek, as Christ advised? No, if Christ had known that a wolf had entered the fold and was about to destroy the sheep, He most certainly would have prevented it.
Spanish invasion of Portugal () - Wikipedia
The canopy of existence rests upon the pole of justice and not of forgiveness, and the life of mankind depends on justice and not on forgiveness. Thus, if a decree of amnesty were to be enacted henceforth in all countries, the whole world would soon be thrown into disarray and the foundations of human life would be shattered. Likewise, if the powers of Europe had not resisted the notorious Attila, he would not have left a single soul alive. Some men are like bloodthirsty wolves: If they were to see no punishment ahead, they would kill others solely for the sake of their own pleasure and diversion….
In sum, the proper functioning of the body politic depends on justice and not forgiveness. So what Christ meant by forgiveness and magnanimity is not that if another nation were to assail you; burn your homes; plunder your possessions; assault your wives, children, and kin; and violate your honour, you must submit to the tyrannical host and permit them to carry out every manner of iniquity and oppression. Rather, the words of Christ refer to private transactions between two individuals, stating that if one person assaults another, the injured party should forgive.
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The Transatlantic Circulation of Novels Between Europe and Brazil, 1789-1914
Some men are like bloodthirsty wolves: If they were to see no punishment ahead, they would kill others solely for the sake of their own pleasure and diversion… In sum, the proper functioning of the body politic depends on justice and not forgiveness. Next: Six Questions toward Restorative Justice. David Langness writes and edits for BahaiTeachings.
He and his wife Teresa live in the Sierra foothills in Northern California. Read more. You may also like. In subsequent years, Uruguay would dominate the tournament, which at that time was the largest football tournament in the world. Argentina, however, would not be far behind and disputed the supremacy with the Charruas. After losing the final at the Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam , Argentina would gain revenge in the South American Championship by defeating the Uruguayans in the last, decisive match.
During this period, both Bolivia and Peru debuted in the tournament in and , respectively. After the first World Cup held in Uruguay in , the enmity between the football federations of Uruguay and Argentina prevented the competition from being played for a number of years. Only in was it possible to dispute a special edition of the event to be officially reinstated in Peru became the host nation of the edition and won the competition for the first time.
Ecuador made their debut at that tournament. In , Chile hosted that year's edition in celebration of the th anniversary of the founding of Santiago for which the capacity of the newly built Estadio Nacional was expanded from 30, to 70, spectators. Despite the large investment and initial success of the team, the Chileans would be defeated in the last match by eventual champions Argentina. Uruguay hosted and won the edition.
Chile would host again in , and came close to playing for the title against Argentina. However, Brazil spoiled that possibility, and Argentina would win the tournament once again on Chilean soil. The event then entered a period of great disruption. For example, Argentina would be the first and so far only team to win three consecutive titles by winning the championships of , and After those three annual tournaments, the competition returned to being held every two years, then three and later four. There were even two tournaments held in , one in Argentina and a second in Ecuador.
During this period, some of the national teams were indifferent to the tournament. Some did not participate every year, others sent lesser teams; in the edition held in Ecuador, Brazil entered a team from the state of Pernambuco. Bolivia won for the first time when it hosted in , but was defeated in the first game of the tournament by debutant Venezuela.
The founding of the Copa Libertadores in also affected the way the tournament was viewed by its participants. The tournament had no fixed venue, and all matches were played throughout the year in each country. Nine teams participated in the group stages with the defending champions receiving a bye into the semifinals. The tournament was contested every four years using this system until From until , the event was hosted every two years in rotation by the ten members of the confederation. The format would remain constant with a first round of groups, but the final round stage ranged from being a new, final round-robin group or a single-elimination system to decide the winner.
[Official] World Cup 2018 Discussion Thread - Part 2
This renewal helped the tournament, which began to receive television coverage in Europe and North America. Despite entering as heavy favorites for being the reigning world champions having won the FIFA World Cup , playing at home and having a team largely composed of its World Cup winners led by the legendary Diego Maradona , Argentina would finish in a disappointing fourth place after being beaten by defending champions Uruguay 0—1 in the semifinals.
Uruguay would defeat a surprisingly strong Chilean squad who made it to the final, disposing of the powerful Brazil 4—0 on the group stage. Uruguay managed to win the competition in as host, ending a period of decline for Uruguayan football. With the implementation of rotating hosts, Colombia , Paraguay and Venezuela hosted the tournament for the first time. Brazil entered a series of victories, winning four of the five continental titles between and Brazil would successfully defend the title in after thumping Uruguay 3—0 in Asuncion , Paraguay.
Colombia, the host nation, would go on to win the competition for the first time ever. From to , the tournament was contested every three years, and from forward every four years, with the exception of the tournament's centennial in