People with mana made good chiefs, led their warriors in battle and earned respect. They would be good politicians nowadays. I'd be very interested in any further explanation from fit2rule about the missionary influence on the term. What you say is plausible, but is it based on real sources or just your interpretation?
Most Polynesian societies were not secular in the sense that the chiefs consulted with the priests who interpreted the signs of their deity and both acted accordingly. So the chiefs ruled somewhat by divine authority, and the social taboos were couched in religious meaning. So mana could have had a meaning of divine grace or chosen by the gods, yet a modern-day Hawaiian shaman did not explain it to me that way. Going by the abstract of a paper i came across , it's possible-to-likely that this was the original meaning of 'mana', and that the use to refer to some kind of abstract supernatural charge is either a derivation or a misunderstanding.
The abstract begins: Comparative data are assembled to suggest that in Proto-Oceanic, mana was canonically a stative verb meaning 'be efficaceous, be successful, be realized, "work"'.
Where mana was used as a noun, it was and in most daughter languages is not a substantive but an abstract verbal noun: 'efficacy', 'success', 'potency'. I probably should expand a bit - "mana" in the modern NZ context is a bit more fluid - you can also carry the mana of a group when you represent them and do damage to it when you represent them poorly Probably "reputation" is the best pakeha western equivalent to the concept. What, no "Magic Carpet"? What, no mention of Populous? What, no mention of every random game that had the concept of mana?
Populous was a blockbuster game and it predates both Warcraft and Diablo by half a decade released , so it is indeed a striking omission. It's also the first game I can remember that used the concept by that name. It is not significant. Sure, but it did little to bring the word to modern-day gamers compared to the impact that WoW and other RPGs has had. It did, indirectly as a whole generation of developers has been exposed to it And they made the games you know today. Hah, I guessed "Niven's fantasy books" would be an important part of this story.
What's the earliest JRPG to call it 'mana? MP were manna points. Whether it mana from polynesia or manna from Exodus is was ambiguous for broadly but spottily educated seventeen year olds. But yes, I am sure that any rigid tracing of the term in role playing to 2 or 5 sources is going to fail. ColdHawaiian on June 19, JRPG are not that ancient. Akalabeth running on a band of paper with holes!
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Scarblac on June 19, Is there any source that says that it was specifically Diku that led to EverQuest? And this is way older than Mircea Eliade's rediscovery and popularization of the Austronesian word. This isn't possible given the timescales involved. Constant language change means there's no way to distinguish hypothetically identical-by-descent words that diverged so long ago from unsurprising identical-by-coincidence words.
SUPERNATURAL: The Manna for 21st Century
I am the living bread which came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is my flesh. For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who eats me will live because of me. This is the bread which came down from heaven, not such as the fathers ate and died; he who eats this bread will live for ever.
In the morning a dew lay all about the camp, and when the dew evaporated, there on the surface of the desert were fine flakes like hoarfrost on the ground. Again, the miracle of the manna and the quail link the bread and the flesh together as one miraculous event, in which Yahweh feeds and sustains His people. This demonstration shows that it is indeed a miraculous event. In the Eucharist that we receive on the new Sabbath, we become new creations in Christ.
Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, that the people may drink. This prefigures Jesus offering us the life-giving waters of the Holy Spirit. Have faith in me, and you will have life-giving water flowing from deep inside you, just as the Scriptures say. The Spirit had not yet been given to anyone, since Jesus had not yet been given his full glory.
The Amalekites were another race of giants that existed here. The Israelites arrive at Mt. Sinai: The most likely location of Mt. There are many fascinating similarities to Jabal al-Lawz and the scenes described in Exodus, not the least of which is the top of the mountain is blackened as if it has been exposed to extreme fire and heat.
Many other details found in the next few chapters of Exodus match archeological and geographic features of the Jabal al-Lawz mountain and vicinity. There is a large split rock formation that seems to have had water flowing out of it as the wear on the rocks indicates. There are pillars around the mountain, presumably demarking a distance the Israelites should stay away from the mountain when Yahweh is there. There is an altar of stones at the base of the mountain with painted reliefs of a calf or cow worship.
The local nomads refer to it as the mountain of Moses. The list of similarities and matching descriptions goes on and on. These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel. God is preparing them for a new Covenant. A fulfillment of the old Abrahamic Covenant but now a deepening of it. God is drawing the Israelites out from the nations and separating them as a special, holy people to Himself alone.
Yahweh is drawing them into a new special relationship. The people are to prepare and make themselves holy for three days in preparation, even to wash their very clothes.
What Does the Bible Say About Miracles?
If anyone touches the mountain he must be put to death. The Terrifying Presence of Yahweh on Mt.
Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God; and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. The Israelites were rightly terrified and afraid at the powerful presence of the Lord. The Lord has left us a mystery to contemplate. CCC This is true. Epiousios is a unique word, sacramental-like in nature, a visible sign of a hidden reality.
In fact, epiousios is not found anywhere else at all in Greek literature.
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As the early Church Father and master of the Greek language Origen d. Why did St. Matthew and St. Luke feel compelled to create a new Greek word to accurately reflect the words of Jesus? They most likely had to use a new word to faithfully translate a novel idea or a unique Aramaic word that Jesus used in His prayer.
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Although there are multiple levels of meanings to epiousios, Jesus is making a clear allusion to the Eucharist. When it came to the mysterious word epiousios, St. Jerome hedged his bets. In Luke , St. This translation as supersubstantial is still found today in the Douay-Rheims Bible. Taken literally, our supersubstantial bread is the Eucharist.
Talk:Mana - Wikipedia
CCC In his commentary on St. As scholars have noted, there is the crucial matter of timing in this parable. In the morning the man can provide an abundance of food and bread for his guest, but at midnight he has nothing. This is an allusion to the fact that in the coming day of the Lord in heaven we will have a superabundance to meet our every need, both material and spiritual.
You too will see the results when you apply these principles to your life. While often said, few know what that really means and some wonder how we can advance by looking backwards. In this book, Dr. DeKoven focuses us on Jesus and His goals. I especially enjoyed his take on Barnabas and imagined how that would look today. This book will provide insight and inspiration to reevaluate where we are and why we are doing what we are doing.
Methods will always change but the message and heart of God remain the same.
While it will not answer every question, there are more than enough truths here to truly shift our thinking to see the Kingdom of God extended and the Church of Jesus Christ, His sons and daughters, flourish in our time. I highly recommend this book! I have valued his friendship and support over those years.
I have always admired his understanding of the Scriptures and how he is able to relate the Scriptures to Christian Leadership; and in particular, Church leadership. Supernatural Architecture has helped me gain a greater understanding of Apostolic Leadership and Ministry as portrayed in the landscape of the New Testament.