By the end of the Copenhagen biker war, eight Bullshit members had been killed compared to one Hells Angel, in addition to one "civilian" which brought the total death toll to ten during the 2-year-four-month-long conflict. The Black Sheep later "patched-over" to were absorbed by the Hells Angels, while the Morticians were declined membership. The Morticians, who were founded in , became a rival club of the Hells Angels by before changing their name to Undertakers MC and later aligning themselves with the Bandidos , whose only European chapter was based in Marseille , France at that point.
In , the Hells Angels tried to prevent another club, Morbids MC, from growing into an established biker gang and potential rival in Sweden. The Morbids then also joined an alliance with the Bandidos, who backed-up their prospect club. Outlaws MC also joined with the Bandidos in Norway. This eventually led to the Great Nordic Biker War , a conflict over control of the drug trade between the two most powerful outlaw biker gangs in Scandinavia, the Hells Angels and the Bandidos.
Bandidos members who were returning from a weekend in Helsinki were shot, three wounded and one, Uffe Larsen, was killed at Copenhagen Airport on March 10, On October 6, , an anti-tank rocket was fired at a Hells Angels clubhouse in Copenhagen during a party. Bandidos prospect Niels Poulsen was convicted of carrying out the attacks and sentenced to life in prison.
The Bandidos responded by ordering shootings on Hells Angels members and allies in Frederiksberg , Copenhagen. Hells Angels member Vagn Smith was convicted of the murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. The last incident happened on August 11, when the Bandidos clubhouse in Dalby was bombed. A law was passed in Denmark that banned motorcycle clubs from owning or renting property for their club activities.
The law has subsequently been repealed on constitutional grounds.
Bandidos associate Flemming Jensen was beaten and stabbed to death by Hells Angels members in a tavern in Aalborg on August 12, In , a Hells Angels-associated gang named Altid Klar " Altid Klar " is Danish for " Always Ready " and 81 is synonymous with the letters HA was formed in Denmark to combat immigrant street gangs in a feud over the lucrative illegal hash market.
AK81 has been recruiting much quicker than the mainstream Hells Angels as members are not required to own a motorcycle or wear a patch, and racial tensions are running high in parts of Denmark. The first German charter of the Hells Angels was founded in the in Hamburg and was active in the red-light districts of St. Pauli and Sternschanze. In , Hells Angels members murdered a nightclub manager on the island of Sylt. On August 11, , police officers stormed the clubhouse "Angels Place" in the red-light district Sternschanze and arrested the leaders of the Hells Angels of Hamburg. In , thirteen members were sentenced between 6 months to 7 years in prison and the Hamburg charter and its symbols were banned.
The other Hells Angels members and of members of the motorcycle club "Bones" in Hannover under its President Frank Hanebuth, who is a colorful character in the red-light scene of Hannover, took over the power in the Hamburg Kiez and controlled numerous brothels , including the "Laufhaus" and the "Pascha", on the Reeperbahn. Some women were forced into prostitution with brutal violence. Meanwhile, Butcher fled to Brazil because the Hells Angels had set a bounty on him.
German investigators tracked him to South America and persuaded him to give evidence. On November 1, , police officers moved to a major raid and arrested the new leadership of the association. In Germany, Sweden and Poland 17 suspects were arrested and more than 50 kilograms of narcotics were seized.
The witnesses are now living under police protection because they fear for their lives. Helmut "Miko" M. Previously, in December , a bomb attack perpetrated on him failed due to an intermittent contact in the explosive device. The background to the crime was disputes over open money claims in the red-light district.
In March , a group of Hells Angels raided a Bandidos clubhouse in Stuhr where they assaulted and robbed five Bandidos members. Three were given jail sentences and another eleven were handed down suspended sentences at the trial which took place in Hannover on December 16, Nineteen police vehicles were in use and shots were fired. A witness filmed the scene. All people involved including the Hells Angels, Bandidos and the witness were silent in court. Sources say there are two high ranking Hells Angels members involved in the conflict.
On June 11, , Heino B. Reports say they drove to his Harley-Davidson shop and shot him there on May 23, After the first day of a related lawsuit on December 17, , riots between the two gangs and the police were reported. Five private apartments and the clubhouse "Angels Place" in Bremen were searched.
Police reports say the LKA-Bremen seized firearms, baseball bats, knives and illegal drugs. Police reports also say five Hells Angels members are on the run. On July 17, ,  34 persons of a group of 50 were arrested in Oranienburg street in Berlin Mitte. Sources say the persons are supporters of the Hells Angels and bouncers and hooligans in the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern scene.
Other sources say the persons are members of the "Brigade 81", a murderous group of the Hells Angels. One of the hooligans now ex-hooligan and vice-president of the Potsdam Hells Angels  was a famous and dangerous fighter, who had beaten the French police officer Daniel Nivel into a coma in The police seized white masks, knuckle dusters, telescopic batons, quartz-sand-gloves and illegal drugs. The background of the incident was that a group of Bandidos appeared in the "Gold Club" and wanted to play power games.
Later in , Bandidos members attacked a Hells Angels member in Berlin  and shots were fired at a Hells Angels member in Cottbus. On December 6, , the front man of the Hells Angels "Nomads", was brutally beaten in the nightclub "Omega" in Eberswalde. The perpetrators were members of the Chicanos, a support group of the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
In February , the Hells Angels published a statement about the mass brawl in Kiel, distancing itself from contacts to the right-wing scene. The attempt to draw the club into the right-wing haze is a personal insult for every member, the Hells Angels indicate. One comes from Israel, one from Palestine, one even from Surinam.
And we are xenophobic? On June 5, , the clubhouse of the Chicanos was completely destroyed from inside. Several members of the Chicanos suffered skull fractures and elbow fractures. The attackers belong to the notorious "Brigade 81".
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Reports say the object was a homemade bomb and the car belonged to the president of the local Chicanos. A news channel claimed, the year-old Michael B. Police reports say there is a continuing war over territorial claims between the Bandidos and the Hells Angels. In October , at the opening ceremony of a new Hells Angels pub in Potsdam , 70 police officers controlled persons, 39 vehicles and arrested one member, who was a fugitive belonging to the Hells Angels group "Nomads. Two baseball bats and a banned one-handed knife were also found.
Since December 22, , two members of the Hells Angels stood trial in Kaiserslautern. They were accused, along with another Hells Angels member, who was previously a fugitive, of having allegedly murdered the year-old  President of the Donnersberg Outlaws MC in June Also in December , a year-old member of the Hells Angels was stabbed and critically injured in Erfurt. Shortly after the attack, the police arrested four suspects in Weimar, including two members of the Jena Bandidos.
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In January , the President of the Flensburg Hells Angels was arrested, accused of attempted homicide and hit-and-run driving, by having hit a Bandidos member with his car on the A7 , reports say. Investigators searched for additional evidence in connection with the discovery of a weapons depot in a car repair shop in Flensburg. In November , police had discovered explosives, five machine guns, ten shotguns and pump guns, revolvers and pistols and lots of ammunition. Police reports say the background of this step is unknown.
German Bandidos probably have a problem with members of foreign origin. In general, it was claimed that the outlaw motorcyclists were nationalistic and felt they were "real German men", therefore members with Turkish roots were not welcome. A leading Hells Angels member confirmed the defection and said the new members will be part of "Hells Angels Turkey.
On March 15, , a year-old supporter of the Bandidos was stabbed and badly injured in Kiel. In the same night, police raided meeting points of the Hells Angels. A few days earlier, shots were fired at the house of the local Hells Angels leader. Since March , a Hells Angels member has been standing trial in Duisburg for having murdered an Oberhausen Bandidos member in Hochfeld, Duisburg on October 8, who was executed with a headshot in its red-light district. The background to the crimes were caused by economic difficulties. In May , the warring gangs declared an armistice , but investigators doubt whether hostilities will cease.
On May 3, , the Cologne chapter of the Hells Angels MC was forcefully disbanded and all property of the chapter was confiscated by the North Rhine-Westphalia ministry of home affairs. On the same morning the North Rhine-Westphalian Police raided and searched 32 homes of its members. No arrests were made, however the public display of chapter symbols and the wearing of its regalia were banned.
The North Rhine-Westphalian interior minister justified these actions by saying "The Hells Angels intentionally ignore the basic values of our society. They close themselves off from society, set up their own rules and practice vigilante justice ". Allegations of an information leak inside the Berlin ministry of home affairs about the upcoming measures were made. In early October, , Giessen Chapter boss Aygun Mucuk was shot dead at the chapter clubhouse, reportedly the result of a rivalry between the Giessen Hells Angels, whose membership is largely of Turkish origin, and the long-established Hells Angels chapter in nearby Frankfurt.
Hundreds of Hells Angels members gathered to ride in honor at his funeral. The Hells Angels control much of the drug trade in the Netherlands, and are also involved in prostitution. Belgian police also raided two locations over the border. A number of Hells Angels members were later imprisoned on charges of international trafficking of cocaine and ecstasy, the production and distribution of marijuana , money laundering and murder, after an investigation that lasted over a year.
In two Dutch newspapers reported that the Amsterdam brothel Yab Yum had long been controlled by the Dutch Hells Angels, who had taken over after a campaign of threats and blackmailing. During a subsequent trial the city's attorney repeated these allegations and the brothel's attorney denied them. Twenty-three bikers were arrested following a fight between Hells Angels and Mongols , in which several gunshots were fired and one person wounded, at the Van der Valk hotel in Rotterdam on April 7, On May 29, the Hells Angels were banned in the Netherlands.
This is the first country in the world to outlaw the entire club. The presiding judge of the court in Utrecht called it a "a danger to public order and the rule of law". Due to the extent of the criminal activities of HAMC in Norway , Kripos , the criminal investigation unit of the Norwegian police, considers the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club to be a criminal organisation.
In the presumed leader of HAMC Norway Leif Ivar Kristiansen was convicted of threats, robbery and severe drug crimes, and sentenced to four years and nine months in prison.
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In another case he was found guilty of fencing and tax evasion, and a number of smaller charges. The convictions include violence, rape, severe drug criminality and threats. In , and the police conducted raids on the HAMC headquarters in Oslo and confiscated a number of illegal weapons in all the raids. The police demanded in October that the headquarters be seized as they believe the house is being used as a staging ground for organized criminal activities.
Around 80 search warrants and dozens of arrest arrests were issued. Bely, along with Andrei Bykov and Bykov's spouse, cousin, adopted daughter and her husband allegedly obtained the drug from the Hells Angels and delivered it to St. Petersburg , passing it off as bath salts. In May , Bykov's wife fled to South Africa, seeking to avoid criminal prosecution. The group then began delivering ephedrine under the guise of detergent. In , three accomplices of Bykov and Bely were found guilty and sentenced to prison terms.
Andrei Bykov and his wife Yevgenia were extradited in and received and year sentences, respectively. Two of them were members of the club's Italian chapters. The Hells Angels arrested were charged with drugs and weapons trafficking, and extortion. One suspect also attempted to use a firearm against police officers as he was being arrested. On October 12, , a club owned by the Hells Angels in Barcelona, The other place , was attacked by anti-fascists while a Nazi concert organized by the far-right party Democracia Nacional was held there.
Members of the Spanish Charter were involved in a killing and tried. Sweden is home to twelve Hells Angels chapters with members and official supporters. The National Criminal Intelligence Service stated that the Hells Angels in the UK have been involved in the cannabis and amphetamine trade, as well as prostitution , theft and extortion ,  and also accused a small group of them of being responsible for more assaults and murders than any other organized group in the country. Ian "Moose" Everest was convicted of raping the girl and sentenced to seven years, while Stephen "Boots" Ripley and Anthony "Chas" Mann were each given four years for aiding and abetting Everest.
A group of up to 30 Hells Angels ambushed 15 members of an unsanctioned Windsor "Hells Angels" chapter who were sleeping in a car park near Brockenhurst in April Richard Sharman, the leader of the Windsor chapter, survived being shot three times in the head and another man received a shotgun wound to the buttocks. With further violence seeming inevitable, undercover police officers were assigned to observe key figures on both sides. The Hells Angels became involved in a dispute between a Dutch drug trafficker and a Liverpool crime family in late The Liverpudlian gang had made a significant down payment on a large shipment of cannabis from Amsterdam which was seized by British customs officials during a routine check of a Dutch-registered ship docking at Manchester.
While the Hells Angels waited in their car, a gunman approached and shot Rowledge four times in the chest, killing him, before escaping in a waiting vehicle. Pierre Rodrigue and David Rouleau, two Canadian Hells Angels from the Sherbrooke chapter, were arrested by British police London at the request of the RCMP in February before being extradited to Canada and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment for conspiring to smuggle kilograms of cocaine into the UK in a scheme also involving the Rizzuto crime family and Colombian cartels.
The Hells Angels waged a two-year turf war with the Outcasts, who are centred in London and East Anglia , during the late s. The dispute between the two clubs is believed to have begun when the Outcasts tried to absorb a small Hertfordshire club, The Lost Tribe, in June Concerned that such a move would make the Outcasts their equal in numbers, the Hells Angels made The Lost Tribe honorary members.
That November, two members of the Outcasts were arrested in possession of loaded shotguns, allegedly on their way to confront the Hells Angels. Armstrong was dragged from his motorcycle and hacked to death with axes and knives; St Clair raced to his aid but was stabbed eight times. Ronald Wait, president of the Hells Angels' Essex chapter, was convicted of conspiring to cause grievous bodily harm and sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment in relation to the incident. Two Outcasts were then shot close to their east London clubhouse.
Both survived but refused to co-operate with police. The Outlaws, who have around British members across 14 chapters mainly based in the West Midlands , have since become the Hells Angels' main rivals in the UK since opening chapters in the country in Hells Angels member Gerry Tobin was shot dead as he rode his motorcycle home to London, where he worked as a Harley-Davidson service manager, from the Bulldog Bash in Warwickshire on August 12, Two bullets were fired from a Rover car which drove up alongside him as he sped down the M40 motorway , one hitting him in the head.
Seven members of the Outlaws, the entire South Warwickshire chapter, were convicted over his murder and sentenced to a total of years in prison. A brawl between up to thirty Hells Angels and Outlaws members took place at Birmingham International Airport on January 20, after the two groups had found themselves together on a flight from Alicante , Spain, with police recovering various weapons including knuckledusters , hammers, a machete and a meat cleaver. Hells Angels member Dennis Taskin was jailed for six years and nine months after admitting illegally possessing ammunition and five guns as well as cocaine, amphetamines and morphine.
Police had found an Uzi , three revolvers and an antique pistol as well as dum-dum bullets and drugs when they raided a flat rented by Taskin in Hove on December 26, Alcock and Estridge were both sentenced to 14 years. The first Welsh Hells Angels chapter was formed in Gary Young, a probationary club member, was charged with possessing the weapon; he denied the charge and was found not guilty.
He was later granted a conditional discharge for two years after admitting possessing a firearm without a certificate, possessing an offensive weapon and possessing three amounts of cannabis, charges which stemmed from several further police raids on his home during the initial investigation. Young was expelled from the Hells Angels due to the club taking exception to him "naming names" about who was whom within the West Wales chapter. Neil Lake needed three metal plates inserted in his face after being attacked by a Hells Angel at a petrol station in Cardiff in October Lake took down the registration of his attacker's Harley-Davidson motorcycle which led police to Sean Timmins, the vice-president of the Wolverhampton chapter.
Timmins denied inflicting grievous bodily harm on Lake and claimed that a fellow club member had been riding around with the same number plates as him; he told a judge he knew the identity of the actual attacker but explained that it would be against club rules for him to name him. Timmins was cleared of the charge in September after providing an alibi who said that he was working in his hometown on the day of the attack. Hells Angels members Stephen Jones and Raymond Scaddan were cleared of violent behavior, while former member Andrew McCann was also found not guilty of violent disorder but convicted of using threatening, abusive, insulting words or behavior at Newport Crown Court on November 1, The Grateful Dead were also scheduled to perform but cancelled at the last minute owing to the ensuing circumstances at the venue.
Crowd management proved to be difficult, resulting in both spectator injury and death. Over the course of the day, the Hells Angels became increasingly agitated as the crowd turned more aggressive. At a later murder trial of Hells Angel Alan Passaro , a security guard testified he heard the Hells Angels being summoned over the loudspeakers when the helicopter bearing The Rolling Stones landed. Debate after the event was over whether the Hells Angels were to manage security for the entire concert or just for The Rolling Stones.
Sam Cutler , the Stones' agent who had arranged to pay the Hells Angels said their role was as bodyguards to the Rolling Stones. This was denied by the Hells Angels as well as others connected to the event. During the opening act of Santana, the Hells Angels surged into the crowd numerous times to keep persons off stage.
By the time The Rolling Stones took stage, numerous incidents of violence had occurred both between the Hells Angels and internally within the crowd, not the least of which featured a circus performer weighing over pounds stripping naked and running amok amid the concertgoers. Audience members attempted to detain him.
Eventually, the irate man was subdued after Angels intervened with fists and makeshift weapons, while a crowd of 4,—5, looked on from the edge of the stage. The aggression did not subside there. After an Angel's motorcycle was toppled, club members' tempers continued to escalate, their ire spread wide between the audience and performers alike. At one point, Marty Balin of Jefferson Airplane was knocked unconscious following an altercation with an Angel, an event later depicted in Gimme Shelter. The Grateful Dead refused to play following the Balin incident, and left the venue.
A shoving match erupted near the stage during a rendition of the song " Under My Thumb ". He returned, producing a handgun. A Hells Angel member, Alan Passaro , was later acquitted of murder on grounds of self-defense. After the concert and critical media attention given to the HAMC, Sonny Barger went on a local California radio station to justify the actions of the Hells Angels and to present their side of the story. He claimed that violence only started once the crowd began vandalizing the Hells Angels' motorcycles. Barger would later claim that Meredith fired a shot which struck a Hells Angels member with what he described as "just a flesh wound.
In , after a two-year exhaustive cold-case renewal of the file, the Alameda County District Attorney's office permanently closed the case. In the six-page handwritten document, Baker told a new story - about a friend who was killed when his vehicle rolled over a mine during the Gulf War's final push.
He was haunted by a mean joke he'd made moments before. The process left Baker agitated and angry. Michelle became so concerned for the boys' safety and her own that they moved out this past July - making sure to take all the guns. She and the kids found a small house, overlooking a pasture with lowing cows. Wade and Honor moved into a single-wide trailer about a mile away. August 19 was the boys' first day of school. That afternoon, Michelle picked Jack and Kobi up, and went to Wade's to get some of their things.
As Honor tailed the boys around the trailer, Baker told his wife that he hadn't slept in days. He began arguing with her, asking why they couldn't all be together. When she and the boys went to meet the older twins' bus, Baker continued his argument by text. Michelle decided not to engage him. Tell the boys I am sorry and that I was weak. I will always be watching them, every touchdown every test every night. At , Baker posted a note on his Facebook page - the one he'd launched in June with a picture of Honor as his profile photo. Armed with a. He kicked in the front door and called Danny Lynn Cagle, the boys' football coach, had spotted Baker's Facebook post and immediately phoned his friend.
Baker kept hanging up, and the coach kept calling back. Officers from four agencies converged on the church. One radioed that he'd been in touch with the crisis hotline, and that Baker had vowed "he would die by law enforcement. His shotgun raised, the veteran walked toward the officers. Cagle heard a bang, then a burst of gunfire. Michelle believes Baker left him behind because he didn't want him to get hurt - or to try to stop his master. The faithful dog attended the memorial service, where Susannah Smith, Michelle's cousin, photographed the bittersweet moment when he curled up beneath the casket.
The rifle salute sent him leaping into one of the boys' laps. Typically, if a recipient dies and the service dog is still young enough, the animal is placed with another veteran or child. But taking Honor from the Baker boys was never an option, Shumate said. The camouflage vest has been retired to a hook by the back door.
These days, Honor is more pet than service dog, but he still has special powers. If one of the boys becomes emotional, Michelle said, Honor will rear up and gently press his front paws into his chest. She watched on a recent afternoon as the older twins, Mason and Nick, took turns calling the dog, each trying to prove he's Honor's new favorite. She kept some of her husband's ashes. He had asked that they be scattered at favorite waterfalls and other spots they'd visited.
When the boys are ready, she plans to take them to fulfill his last wishes. For Baker, the long nightmare was finally over. But Honor was still on duty. Still, Honor was never just Wade Baker's dog - and now there would be others in need of healing. Then there were the burial details. When Thomas told her brother that he needed professional help, he said that wasn't an option.
Shortly after the fire, Baker lost the exterminator job. He went to work servicing septic tanks. And, of course, Honor. By the time it was over, they were all in tears. Catching Shumate outside, Thomas said, "Please help my brother. You're training ME,'" Baker said. Pitch for the Win 8 - Suspense. Teamed with his police-sergeant girlfriend, Neil strives to catch the woman, clear his name, and free his guilt-ridden mind. Pitch for the Win 7 - MG Fantasy. To save herself, her home and her parents, she has to solve three impossible sounding riddles before sunrise. Now forced to play house with a girl he hates, Derek slowly grows more attached his imperfect family, prompting him to choose between the life he envisioned and the life he never saw coming.
Pitch for the Win 5 - Fantasy. But when they stumble upon a plot that stretches across borders and over a decade, they realize they may have a chance to prevent a war that could ravage the continent. Trying to stop it, though, may cost them their friendships, their sanity, and their very lives. Pitch for the Win 3 - Cozy Mystery. Amateur sleuth Hallie Peters, Biology Secretary, investigates when one of her professors is injected with poison after hours in the classroom laboratory. She discovers that the victim, respected and beloved, had a history of sexual assault and blackmail.
She finds the murderer, uncovers unsavory truths about colleagues, is nearly killed, and befriends the homicide detective on the case. Pitch for the Win 2 - Historical. But asking about the past comes with a price in when fear and distrust from the former military dictatorship is still present. Pitch for the Win 1 - Cozy Mystery. Labels: call for submissions , pitch for the win. Friday, June 21, Friday Fricassee. One thing I started training myself to do years ago is not to take negative reviews to heart. I mean, I checked. One of my favorite authors, for instance, is Mary E.
And yet, they did.
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And they'll do it again for her next book. Mind you, some of the low-star reviews are just And it's easy to discount them, because they're Or else they're ridiculous. Like, "This book is about dinosaurs and I really hate dinosaurs. But you know it happens. Literature is subjective, like all art. There will always be folks who would rather eat a live squid than read the book we just handed them.
Professional reviews, on the other hand, are a little harder to steer clear from. I've been nervous for weeks, knowing that Kirkus had my book and would eventually post their much-dreaded review. Kirkus is not known for its kindness, to say the least. Mind you, it's easy enough to pick up on the mild digs if you read the whole review on their web site. But the above quote encapsulates the overall positive tenet, and I'm delighted--and so thankful. That's because the writing community is a small world. Over the years, I have interfaced with, worked with, and forged relationships with countless authors.
Some of them write stuff I love, some write stuff I haven't read, and some write stuff I'd probably only give 2 stars to. Disclaimer: that's almost never true. My silence doesn't mean I didn't enjoy a book, either. It only means that I'm sticking to my own rule of not publicly commenting on most books I've read.
Most of the time it's a companionable silence. I really do enjoy almost all the books I read! All that to say--the words people say about our books matter, but not that much. Of course we want people to fall in love with our characters and stay up reading late into the night. We want to please others with our creative offering, and refusing to admit that isn't doing us any favors. But in the end, we mustn't be fueled by those words of praise, because that will give the words of criticism far too much power to disable us. Work hard and keep your eye on whatever your personal writing goal is, but don't use the words of others as a litmus test.
If you can get to the point at which you learn that someone hated your book so much that they threw it away, and you merely shrug and say, "Bummer. Guess my book's not for everyone," then you're in a fabulous place.