Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician , Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around BCE, after which the region was named Hispania , based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe , invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals.
The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo , which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate , who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year , leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada ; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon , Kingdom of Castile , Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista , which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples , had competed with Genoa and Venice.
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In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis , meaning "city of the western world". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean.
The word in question means " Hyrax " due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia , reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" Hesperia. Spain is politically divided between Republicans and Traditionalists and on the verge of the Spanish Second Republic.
Fernando, a young soldier, deserts, he befriends an old man with a large house in the country. Fernando is enchanted by Manolo's four daughters; as he meets each of the first three one by one, he falls in love and has sex with each of them, determining to marry but with each one a complication arises: Clara, a widow who only lost her husband and who seeks solace with Fernando. Heartbroken each time, the father of the girls encourages him to have patience; each of the daughters represents a different aspect of feminine sexuality.
While Fernando is pursuing her sisters, Luz gets progressively angry and jealous but Fernando realizes that she is the best one of the four to marry.
The film is mentioned in the American film The Fighter. The exteriors of the film were shot in Girona. A Republican soldier one of those searching the area for the escaped prisoner, found him but allowed him to escape; the novelist pieces together the fragments of the story, plagued by contradictions and mysterious characters, comes to realize that her search for the truth is a personal quest of self-discovery. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article uses Spanish naming customs : the first or paternal family name is Gil and the second or maternal family name is Giner. Barcelona , Catalonia , Spain. Goya Award for Best Actress.
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Appaloosa film. Related Images. YouTube Videos. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1. Iberian fortress Els Vilars in Arbeca. A Roman aqueduct in Tarragona. Origins of the blason of the County of Barcelona, by Claudi Lorenzale. Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe.
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Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Reproduction of Altamira Cave paintings, in Cantabria. Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr. Born in New York to a Danish father and American mother, he was a resident of Venezuela and Argentina during his childhood. Mortensen at the Cannes Film Festival. Mortensen at the 32nd Genie Awards in March World Fair of in Paris. An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film, radio, and television.
The actress Meryl Streep. Henry Irving in The Bells , Del Toro at the Sitges Film Festival in Del Toro promoting his first feature film, Cronos , which was released in Edward Allen Harris is an American actor, producer, director, and screenwriter. Harris at the Toronto International Film Festival. Belle Epoque is a Spanish comedy-drama film directed by Fernando Trueba. It was written and directed by Vicente Aranda. Vicente Aranda Ezquerra was a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer. Due to his refined and personal style, he was one of the most renowned Spanish filmmakers.
The film's title comes from a lyric in the song "Strawberry Fields Forever", from the Beatles. It has been awarded annually since The award recognizes excellence in motion picture making, such as acting, directing and screenwriting in Mexican cinema. It is considered the most prestigious award in the Mexican movie industry. Actress Isela Vega with an Arial award.
Appaloosa is a American Western film based on the novel Appaloosa by crime writer Robert B. Mariano Barroso is a Spanish film director and screenwriter. He has directed 19 films since Arturo Ripstein y Rosen is a Mexican film director. In , he directed his first feature, Tiempo de morir. Santiago Segura Silva is a Spanish actor, screenwriter, director and producer of Spanish cinema, popular for its pentalogy film series Torrente. The fence outside of Turner Field over which Hank Aaron hit his th career home run still exists.
Hank Aaron during his August 5, visit to the White House. He is ranked among Forbes magazine's most bankable stars and is one of the highest-grossing actors of all time. Damon and paparazzo Rino Barillari in Rome in They run for about 14 kilometres. Looking north towards O'Brien's Tower. A 19th-century Photochrom postcard of the cliffs, with Leacmayornagneeve rock in the foreground. Hundreds of thousands of South Koreans fled south in mid after the North Korean army invaded.
Crew of an M tank along the Nakdong River front, August Tatum made his film debut in the drama film Coach Carter. His breakthrough role was in the dance film Step Up, which introduced him to a wider audience. Tatum at the Toronto International Film Festival. Charlize Theron is a South African and American actress and film producer. Theron at WonderCon in March promoting Prometheus. Sapphire is a precious gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum, consisting of aluminium oxide with trace amounts of elements such as iron, titanium, chromium, copper, or magnesium.
The carat 85 g blue Logan Sapphire. Perry at the 82nd Academy Awards in From this Article. Viggo Mortensen —present. Goya Award for Best Actress Belle epoque Living Is Easy with Eyes Closed.
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His writing has appeared in numerous anthologies in America. Writer and translator, he has published Olivio, Feriado de mim mesmo, A morte sem nome. Her work has been translated into more than ten languages. At 22 he published his first novel, Bariloche, which was shortlisted for the Herralde Prize and chosen as one of the best new books by leading Spanish daily ABC. His books have been translated into 23 languages. His writing short stories, essays, interviews, literary criticism, fragments of novels has appeared in various anthologies, and in reviews and other periodical publications, both in Cuba and abroad.
She lives in Havana. Cosquillas en la Lengua was her first novel, followed by Coleccionistas de polvos raros. She will release a new book called The Dog on January Lawyer, storyteller and teacher of Literary Workshops. He followed undergraduate and graduate studies at the Colegio Dante Alighieri in the Paraguyan capital, where he held the position of vice-president and later president of the Academia Literaria.
His literary works have been publishd in the student review Inquietudes and Cultura, among other media. Founding member and vice-president of Artes, Ciencias y Letras in Paraguay from to He represented the 90s generation of storytellers arising after the fall of dictatorship.
His best-known work is Ladrillos del Tiempo. Lima, Peru, Peruvian writer. Aged two, his family was deported to Mexico by the military government. In the year he moved to Madrid and from there to Barcelona where he currently lives. Since arriving in Spain he has worked as a screenplay writer, translator and journalist, and has gained considerable success with his novels. He has translated works by Genet, Gide, Theroux and others.
Visit his website at www. He was film critic for Semana from to She works as an academic researcher. Several of her stories have appeared in reviews in Mexico, Argentina and Cuba. Her story Aniversario was adapted for the stage in Silencios is her first novel, and was awarded the Fifth Lengua de Trapo Prize. He presented the literary television programme Vano Oficio for seven years and now writes the contemporary literature blog Moleskine Literario. Trained as an architect, he also studied Comparative Literature.
He has lived in Manchester and in the Colombian rainforest, and is currently based in Barcelona. He has published a short story collection called Trece circos comunes Norma, and a book of imprecise classification entitled De ciertos animales tristes Norma, , as well as Zanahorias voladoras Alfaguara, and Las orejas del lobo The son of an Ecuadorian father and an Italian mother. He is one of the country's foremost writers. Bogota, Writer, translator and journalist.
Forster, among others. In he won the French Roger Caillois Prize for his body of work. His books have been published in 26 languages and in more than 40 countries. La forma de las ruinas is his fifth novel. In he published the collection of essays Viajes con un mapa en blanco. Una historia intelectual de Editorial Era, and La guerra y las palabras. His latest novel is Examen de mi padre Penguin Random House, In he was selected to participate in Bogota39 and in in Granta magazine, as one of the best young writers in Spanish. In Anagrama published a revised version of No leer.
His works are included in various anthologies of the Venezuelan short story. He lives in Caracas. Sign up to our newsletter for all the latest news from Hay Festival. Claudia Amengual. Yolanda Arroyo Pizarro. Pablo Casacuberta. Wendy Guerra. John Junieles. Adriana Lisboa. Pedro Mairal. Carlos Wynter Melo. Santiago Nazarian. Guadalupe Nettel. Pilar Quintana.
Santiago Roncagliolo. Ricardo Silva Romero. Veronica Stigger.