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Many more technicians and engineers assisted science teams with equipment and logistics in challenging environments. This report was prepared to capture the major successes of this effort and to summarize what was learned. The committee heard from many people in the polar science community, and we thank everyone for their thoughts and perceptions see Acknowledgments section. The world will continue to change, and processes of polar amplification will continue the rapid transformation of the high latitudes in the coming decades.

When another IPY is needed in the future, we hope the lessons from this one can serve as a guide.

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The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:. The review of this report was overseen by Margo H. Edwards, University of Hawaii at Manoa.

The Human Element

Appointed by the NRC, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring panel and the institution. In addition, the committee would like to thank in particular for their contributions during the study process:.

The committee would also like to thank the numerous scientists spoken to throughout the study process, in particular all of the questionnaire respondents who provided their thoughts on the lessons and legacies from IPY. International Polar Year IPY was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis.

Lessons and Legacies of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 (2012)

It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign ever mounted to explore Earth's polar domains. Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year summarizes how IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. These objectives include: suggestions for scientific communities and agencies to use the IPY to initiate a sustained effort aimed at assessing large-scale environmental change and variability in the polar regions, the need to explore new scientific frontiers from the molecular to the planetary scale, investment in critical infrastructure and technology to guarantee that IPY leaves enduring benefits for the nation and for the residents of northern regions, as well as increase public understanding of the importance of polar regions in the global system.

Legacies and Lessons of the International Polar Year explains how activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information. At a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant. From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude.


  • IPY (International Polar Year) - Polar Studies - Research Guides at Dartmouth College.
  • Swing Low Sweet Chariot?
  • Lessons and Legacies of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 (2012).

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A Vision for the International Polar Year | The National Academies Press

Get This Book. Visit NAP. Looking for other ways to read this? No thanks. Page i Share Cite. Suggested Citation: "Front Matter. Lessons and Legacies of International Polar Year Page ii Share Cite. Printed in the United States of America. Page iii Share Cite. Page iv Share Cite. This page intentionally left blank.


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Page v Share Cite. Page vi Share Cite. Page vii Share Cite. Preface D espite their location, tucked away at the fringes of maps of our planet, the polar regions are central to the global system. Page viii Share Cite. View the webinar recording with authoring committee co-chairs, Julie Brigham-Grette and Robert Bindschadler 1 hour 9 minutes. International Polar Year IPY was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis.

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IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observational networks. Overall, IPY was an outstanding success. Activities at both poles led to scientific discoveries that provided a step change in scientific understanding and helped translate scientific knowledge into policy-relevant information—and at a time when the polar regions are undergoing a transformation from an icy wilderness to a new zone for human affairs, these insights could not be more timely or more relevant.

From outreach activities that engaged the general public to projects that brought researchers from multiple disciplines and several nations together, the legacies of IPY extend far beyond the scientific results achieved, and valuable lessons learned from the process will guide future endeavors of similar magnitude. Consensus Report. Get the Report. Key Messages Starting from the efforts of a small number of enthusiasts and agencies and building on existing multinational collaborations and science programs, IPY developed into a world-wide, community-based effort that brought together more than 50, researchers, local residents, educators, students, and support personnel from 60 nations and numerous scientific disciplines.

The project facilitated a major expansion of polar science capabilities in terms of the number of researchers, tools, and systems devoted to this endeavor, and inspired a new level of engagement from educators, students, the residents of polar regions, and the public at large.

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Reaching across the science spectrum, IPY's projects ranged from the first high-resolution images of whole mountain ranges buried beneath the Antarctic ice sheet to modeling studies of the poles' geologic past that helped advance understanding of the risks and uncertainties of global change. People were the engine that powered IPY. Without the enterprise and commitment of the myriad of participants in IPY, the wide-ranging and significant achievements of the project would not have been possible.

Notably, IPY projects encouraged international collaboration that allowed the polar science community to become more connected and leveraged infrastructure and intellectual assets from multiple nations to make research projects more efficient. IPY projects helped empower the next generation of polar scientists through the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists APECS and built diversity into the polar research community by engaging more women and increasing the participation of racial and ethnic minorities. IPY also created new connections between science and the public through a broad spectrum of education and outreach activities such as Polar Palooza, which engaged audiences with big-screen video presentations, music, and opportunities to interact face to face with dynamic polar researchers and Arctic residents with powerful stories to tell.

IPY helped develop new collaborations that enhanced scientists' observational capacity in many of the poles' most remote areas. For example, numerous satellite data enabled international teams to study large changes occurring in the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets.