Bodies, faces, personal possessions and names, often methodically compiled and arranged, appear both boldly and subtly throughout the work in the exhibition. In this context of public awareness and education through art, El Museo, as the first venue in the Eastern United States for this internationally traveling exhibition, aims to assemble as broad an audience as possible to confront and preserve the memory of these recent historical tragedies.
Free public programs for adults, educators and children will be offered in relation to the exhibition and to encourage dialogue among viewers. Scheduled programming includes a series of film screenings, monthly family tours and workshops, an evening of music as a tribute to los desaparecidos on March 23, and an artist panel moderated by Columbia University Professor Andreas Huyssen on May This exhibition has also been supported in part by a grant from the Open Society Institute, and by Mahnaz I. Subscription pending. Your email subscription is almost complete.
Plaza turned over to the police dozens of people who were then disappeared, including his own nephew, who had come to him for help. Camps was an anti-Semite and a sadist, thought to be responsible for thousands of kidnappings, hundreds of homicides, two rapes, ten baby thefts, and two miscarriages induced by torture.
Plaza died in Camps was found guilty of seventy-three counts of torture and, in , sentenced to twenty-five years in prison. He was freed under the pardon laws, and died in Herrera de Noble delegated Magnetto, her C. Three uncomfortable meetings followed. Any such allegations were politically or financially motivated, he argued. She refused. Both adoptions had been carried out with striking haste by the same juvenile-court judge in the municipality of San Isidro. There were no accompanying birth or hospital records. Usually, this alone would have provided enough cause for the Abuelas to investigate.
The Abuelas, with so many other investigations to pursue, decided to let the matter drop. A protest in by the Madres de Plaza de Mayo, a group founded by mothers searching for children taken by the military regime. They asked the San Isidro court to open an investigation, and the judge, Roberto Marquevich, soon had the case files for the adoptions on his desk.
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But, in , Marquevich summoned whomever he could to piece together the story. When she opened her front door, she found a baby girl in a cardboard box. She kept the baby at home for a few days, in case somebody turned up to claim her. The baby girl was assigned a birthday, by Hejt, of March 23, , one day before the military coup. Among the three character witnesses listed by Herrera de Noble was Bishop Plaza. A law student who identified herself as Carmen Luisa Delta, age twenty-five, said that she had given birth to a boy on April 17th, without registering the birth at any hospital or with any pediatrician.
On July 7th, when she took the baby to court to give him up for adoption, Herrera de Noble happened to be there and was granted guardianship that same day. The following May, both adoptions were finalized. Carmen Luisa Delta, the law student who had supposedly given Felipe up for adoption, turned out not to exist, at least not by that name; her identification number corresponded to that of a man named Hugo Tarkowski. Judge Hejt had received her appointment to the juvenile court at the start of the dictatorship. In , the Abuelas had found the boy and restored his true identity.
Why should the birth dates be treated as credible?
Antonio Frasconi. Los Desaparecidos. | MoMA
She chose two families that she thought were the closest possibilities, although she knew that the odds were against either of them turning out to be related to Marcela or Felipe. The other family was searching for Matilde Lanuscou. For years, it had been assumed that Matilde had died along with her parents and two brothers in a military assault on their house in San Isidro, in September, , when she was six months old.
It was possible that she was still alive somewhere, and that she might even be Marcela Noble Herrera. She held firm: only the B. The lawyers told the court that the siblings were not interested in knowing their biological identity and were not emotionally prepared to be tested.
She was held for three nights in the V.
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Argentina was scandalized. Several higher-ranking judges criticized the arrest, and so did journalists and other human-rights groups. One forbade any transfer of genetic materials out of the B. It was too burdensome a decision, she said, to be left solely up to the adoptee, even when that person was an adult.
As babies, Marcela and Felipe Noble Herrera were adopted into a powerful media dynasty. Their origins are a matter of speculation.
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When her upper-floor apartment was raided, in , police guarded the windows to prevent her from jumping out. Bauer established a relationship with her biological grandmother, but also remained close to her adoptive parents—her adoptive father had been a counter-intelligence officer—who were sentenced to prison last year. Catalina de Sanctis, another adoptee, agreed.
Both of her parents were psychologically afflicted, prone to depression and mood swings. In , de Sanctis confronted her mother, who broke down and confessed the truth. Her father told her that if she gave blood they would go to prison. De Sanctis felt paralyzed.
The Abuelas opened an investigation into her origins in ; the following year, to avoid DNA testing, she fled with her husband and her adoptive father to Paraguay, before returning to the Argentine countryside. Early one morning in May, , police raided the house where she and her husband were hiding, with orders to confiscate personal items. For nearly two years, de Sanctis refused to meet her biological family, but now she has embraced them. She says that recovering the truth about her origins was the best thing that ever happened to her.
Her adoptive father, after faking a mental breakdown, is under house arrest in a retirement home, she told me. The Abuelas immediately threatened to denounce Bergesio to the Council of Magistrates for having knowingly violated the law by ordering testing at the Forensic Medical Corps, instead of at the B. Bergesio may have panicked at the possibility of censure at the end of a long, tranquil career. Several items were taken, but months of legal squabbling followed, and no test results were announced. Last November, Bergesio retired after he had been accused of partiality and stalling in his handling of the case.
The political use of our story seems unjust. Thirty-four years ago our mother chose us to be her children. And we, every day, choose her to be our mother. Any adopted children born in Argentina in , especially those with as many irregularities in their adoption records as Marcela and Felipe, could be subject to an investigation.
Chicha Mariani, the former president of the Abuelas, still clung to the hope that Marcela would turn out to be her granddaughter. They were also unwilling to give new samples.
Los Desaparecidos U.S. 2018
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Argentina’s stolen orphans.
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Your rating has been recorded. Write a review Rate this item: 1 2 3 4 5. Preview this item Preview this item. Los desaparecidos Author: Antonio Frasconi ; Mario Benedetti ; Clifton Meador Publisher: [Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], [Place of printing not identified] : Clifton Meador,  Subjects Disappeared persons in art.