Caine is credited doubly. Is he twice as popular in China as any other actor? But the strongest justification for the existence of this pirate copy seems to me the liner notes. What you see on the cover above— England movie circles cluster animportant history for but moving —is but a foretaste of what you find on the back. I reproduce it word for word.
This large war movie, empty cluster in the movie circles elite of England but move, for re-appear their motherland atAn important history of the period of World War II but worker harder, the film to record theatrical breeze The space describes the German Nazi in got empty bomb British intensive metropolis, make England Lose miserably heavy, but also arose England people together enemy spirit to make Germany, in numerous Popular actor inside, exceed the gram. The boon of. The willing to thinks, the shares the drama more, play the cuckoldry of The jade of Susan then expresses romantic, in addition, the Lawrence the brilliant jazz in military tactics with, the plays the plays the heartless condition in hungry clap very sublime and lifelike.
Filmgoers outside the classroom might find them helpful as well. As we all know too well, many DVD supplements consist largely of interviews with the main cast and crew members in which they praise each other. She was perfect for that part. We try to sort through and find supplements where the filmmakers actually talk in an informative and entertaining way about how they went about their work.
Obviously many DVDs have come out since we finished our last round of revisions, so we plan to use this blog as a means of occasionally updating our recommendations. Your suggestions about especially informative supplements are welcome. In Film Art 8, I recommended the Production Diaries Peter Jackson put together for King Kong , since they cover albeit briefly a lot of topics that few supplements tackle. While most descriptions of CGI talk about how it is used to make monsters or crowds, this supplement discusses how the creation of settings can depend on digital imagery above.
How often do you run across that? It could be used in conjunction with our layout of production roles in Chapter 1. This one also covers a less familiar technology, digital doubles. Far from Heaven Universal. Supplements that examine a single scene, technique by technique, are pretty rare. The analysis covers the production design and costumes, cinematography, acting, editing, and music. At the end, the completed scene is shown. The Da Vinci Code Sony; all editions have the supplements. There is discussion of character, timing, and rhythm. One passage that is particularly good for showing how filmmakers think about the form of films comes in a segment on the introduction of a major new character Sir Lee Teabing fully halfway through the film.
For one thing, the style is unusually low-key and lacks the chat about how wonderful everyone and everything was. Often the people onscreen are not being interviewed but are actually at work, talking to each other. We see scripting, location scouting, design, and scheduling. Problems with deadlines and budgets are discussed rather than glossed over. The candor makes for a surprisingly entertaining and informative little movie. Crew members delight in the beautiful Caribbean locales—but also complain about the heat, humidity, tides, rocking boats, and roads too small for equipment trucks.
It can then be manipulated and placed back in the shot. In a discussion of modern special effects, this supplement might usefully be compared with the ones about the creation of Gollum in the Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers extended DVD set. Unfortunately, some of the best recent films have come out on DVD with no supplements to speak of. When will we see some extras-laden editions of Cars and Zodiac? Tarr arrived on Saturday, but an emergency sent him back to Hungary sooner than he expected. So instead of discussing his work with a panel, he could only introduce the screening of Werckmeister Harmonies before running off to the airport.
Jonathan, Scott, and Susan had thoughtful comments, and the questions from the audience were exceptionally good. The whole session was recorded for an online broadcast at some point, so you might want to watch out for that. Some of these remarks build on things I said at the session. Not Tarr. Any viewer can be forgiven for thinking that Tarr has moved in the opposite direction of von Trier, from a pseudo-documentary approach toward something much more grave and majestic. The first three theatrical features focus on the urban working class and their struggles to improve their lot.
The Outsid er follows a young violinist as he drifts among jobs and into a passive marriage before being called up for military service. The family in The Prefab People has a flat and a decent job, but the wife finds the husband indifferent to her boring routines, and he looks for an escape in a job in another town.
Stylistically, the films are stripped down in ways that also owe debts to modern traditions. Most scenes in these three films are dialogues, and the camera holds intently, if shakily, on faces. This concentration is enhanced by the general absence of establishing shots. A scene opens more or less in the middle of a conversation, and we get a character already challenging another.
Shooting on location in cramped rooms, Tarr makes his framings tight; in Family Nest , the jammed frames give us and the characters almost no breathing space. By relying on more or less isolated faces in close-ups, Tarr can absorb us in the intimate drama while sometimes catching us off guard. For instance, when we get a single character without an establishing shot, there is often a momentary uncertainty about where we are, or when the action is taking place.
Tarr builds these films out of conversational blocks, punctuated by undramatic routines. The result is that often major plot actions take place offscreen, or rather in between the dialogues. Exposition that other filmmakers would give us up front is long delayed, with bits of information sprinkled through the entire film.
In The Outsider , one scene ends with the drifter Andras telling Kata, a woman he has recently met, that he has a child by another woman. The scene ends with him smiling in indifference, leaving his sentence unfinished. In the next scene, a band strikes up a tune: Andras and Kata are celebrating their marriage. Agreeing to get married is no big deal. No longer does the filmmaker have to show us every link in the causal chain, and no longer are some scenes peaks and others valleys.
By deleting the obviously dramatic moments, the filmmaker forces us to concentrate on more mundane preambles and consequences. This block construction yields an unusually objective narration. These films lack voice-overs, subjective flashbacks, dreams, and other tactics of psychological penetration. We have to watch the people from the outside, appraising them by what they say and do. It is a behavioral cinema. True, Prefab People opens with a flashback: The husband is packing to leave his wife, and the plot moves back to an anniversary dinner that ends badly.
Then, without preparation, we see the couple back together, shopping in an appliance store. How did they reconcile? Have their attitudes changed, or are they simply reconciled to their old life? He simply ends his film on a long take of husband and wife riding expressionless in the back of a truck, as much pieces of cargo as the washing machine beside them.
After the Fall. I read that FOX News review yesterday. Pretty tepid praise, overall. Plus, since when do the Hollywood cultural mavens take their cues from Fox? Variety and the Cannes audience carry much more influence among opinion makers. Is it just me, or does Tom Hanks look like he suddenly aged 15 years overnight? But I had the same reaction to the picture accompanying this post — he just looks much older lately than it seems like he should.
Nothing in the DVC is new — it is all recycled pseudo-theology attacking Catholicism. Some of that stuff is hundreds of years old. By the way: I told you so! Since when does it have to be a good movie for anyone to watch? Did people see it? I hate to harp on this, but … The othercott is still necessary. Studios use popular success in America when selling their movies in other countries. Its utter destruction must still be pursued with great prejudice, to keep its foreign release limited. One undeniable success of the movie is the way it has made the defilement of our Lord so commonplace it might as well be a breakfast cereal.
Ads for it are everywhere. Otherwise mildly respectable networks have openly trumpeted its errors as truth in long, thinly veiled commercials. This is because their understanding of the universe is so flawed, that when it is revealed through story-telling, you cannot help but detect it is more lie than fiction. Long live the resistance! It has retained lots of his execrable dialogue.
Look here too! We begin with the murder in the Louvre of the curator, Jacques Sauniere, by the glaring albino monk Silas, played by Paul Bettany, displaying marginally more charisma than the rest of the cast, otherwise an oddly illfavoured crew. Alfred Molina plays lardy Bishop Aringarosa just this side of a bit part in Blackadder, while Ian McKellen does Sir Leigh Teabing proud, delivering a full-out caricature of a tweedily affected millionaire.
The Da Vinci Code is, for the best-selling thriller of all time, bizarrely unwieldy. German baroque composers or architects were also very much influenced by their Italian counterparts. During the 18th century, Italy was in the spotlight of the European grand tour, a period in which learned and wealthy foreign, usually British or German, aristocrats visited the country due to its artistic, cultural and archaeological richness. Since then, throughout the centuries, many writers and poets have sung of Italy's beauty; from Goethe to Stendhal to Byron , Italy's natural beauty and her people's creativity inspired their works.
Percy Bysshe Shelley famously said that Italy is "the paradise of exiles. Italiophilia was not uncommon in the United States. Thomas Jefferson was a great admirer of Italy and ancient Rome. Jefferson is largely responsible for the neo-classical buildings in Washington, D. Spain provided an equally telling example of Italian cultural admiration in the 18th century. The installation of a team of Italian architects and artists, headed by Filippo Juvarra , has been interpreted as part of Queen Elisabeth Farnese's conscious policy to mould the visual culture of the Spanish court along Italian lines.
The engagement of Corrado Giaquinto from Molfetta and eventually the Venetian Jacopo Amigoni as the creators of the painted decorative space for the new seat of the Spanish court was a clear indication of this aesthetic orientation, while the later employment of Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and his son Giovanni Domenico confirmed the Italophile tendency. The Victorian era in Great Britain saw Italophilic tendencies. Britain supported its own version of the imperial Pax Romana , called Pax Britannica. John Ruskin was a Victorian Italophile who respected the concepts of morality held in Italy. During the Fascist era , several leaders in Europe and Latin America modeled their government and economic system on Italian Fascism.
Adolf Hitler was an avid admirer of Benito Mussolini. In Walt Disney Productions produced Pinocchio based on the Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi , the most translated non-religious book in the world and one of the best-selling books ever published, as well as a canonical piece of children's literature.
The film was the second animated feature film produced by Disney. Since then Italy has experienced a strong economic growth, particularly in the s and s, which lifted the country to the position of being one of the most industrialized nations in the world. The Italian peninsula has been at the heart of Western cultural development at least since Roman times.
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Also prominent in Latin literature were the orator-rhetorician Cicero ; the satirist Juvenal ; the prose writers Pliny the Elder , his nephew Pliny the Younger ; and the historians Sallust , Livy , and Suetonius. Julius Caesar , renowned as a historian and prose stylist, is even more famous as a military and political leader. The first of the Roman emperors was Octavian, better known by the honorific Augustus. Noteworthy among later emperors are the tyrants Caligula and Nero , the philosopher-statesman Marcus Aurelius , and Constantine I , who was the first to accept Christianity.
No history of the Christian Church during the medieval period would be complete without mention of such men of Italian birth as St. Francis of Assisi , and the philosopher-theologians St.
Anselm of Canterbury and St. Thomas Aquinas. No land has made a greater contribution to the visual arts. During the 16th century, the High Renaissance, Rome shared with Florence the leading position in the world of the arts. Among the great painters of the late Renaissance were Tintoretto and Paolo Veronese.
Giorgio Vasari was a painter, architect, art historian, and critic. A noted contemporary architect was Pier Luigi Nervi. Music, an integral part of Italian life, owes many of its forms as well as its language to Italy. The musical staff was either invented or established by Guido of Arezzo. A leading 14th-century composer was the blind Florentine organist Francesco Landini.
Italian-born Luigi Cherubini was the central figure of French music in the Napoleonic era, while Antonio Salieri and Gaspare Spontini played important roles in the musical life of Vienna and Berlin, respectively. Composers of the 19th century who made their period the great age of Italian opera were Gioacchino Rossini , Gaetano Donizetti , Vincenzo Bellini , and, above all, Giuseppe Verdi.
Arturo Toscanini is generally regarded as one of the greatest operatic and orchestral conductors of his time; two noted contemporary conductors are Claudio Abbado and Riccardo Muti. Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the piano. Notable intellectual and political leaders of more recent times include the Nobel Peace Prize winner in , Ernesto Teodoro Moneta ; the sociologist and economist Vilfredo Pareto ; the political theorist Gaetano Mosca ; the educator Maria Montessori ; the philosopher, critic, and historian Benedetto Croce , with his idealistic antagonist Giovanni Gentile ; Benito Mussolini , the founder of Fascism and dictator of Italy from to ; Carlo Sforza and Alcide De Gasperi , famous latter-day statesmen; and the Communist leaders Antonio Gramsci , Palmiro Togliatti , and Enrico Berlinguer.
The great Romantic English poet, Lord Byron , described Italian as a language that sounds "as if it should be writ on satin. Italian, like English, belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. Like French and Spanish, it is a Romance language, one of the modern languages that developed from Latin. In particular, among the Romance languages, Italian is considered to be the closest to Latin in terms of vocabulary.
Standard Italian evolved from a dialect spoken in Tuscany , given that it was the first region to produce great writers as Dante , Petrarch and Boccaccio. Thanks to its cultural prestige, this dialect was adopted first in the Italian states , and then by the Kingdom of Italy after the unification in It may be considered somewhat intermediate, linguistically and geographically, between the Italo-Dalmatian languages of the South and the Gallo-Italic languages of the North, becoming the center of a dialect continuum.
Its development was also influenced by the other Italian dialects and by the Germanic language of post-Roman invaders. There are only a few communities in Italy in which Italian is not spoken as the first language, but many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardised Italian and other regional languages. Today, despite some regional variations , Italian is the most spoken language throughout the country. Many influences in Italy have helped standardize Italian. They include military service, education, and nationwide communication by means of newspapers, books, radio, and television.
Italy is one of the world's greatest centers of architecture, art, and books. Among its many of libraries, the most important are in the national library system, which contains two central libraries, in Florence 5. While both libraries are designated as copyright libraries, Florence now serves as the site designated for conservation and cataloging of Italian publications and the site in Rome catalogs foreign publications acquired by the state libraries.
Italy, a world center of culture, history and art, has more than 3, museums. They contain, perhaps, the most important collections of artifacts from ancient civilizations. Taranto's museum, for example, offers material enabling scholars to probe deeply into the history of Magna Graecia. The archaeological collections in the Roman National Museum in Rome and in the National Archaeological Museum in Naples are probably among the world's best.
The classical age is not the only age represented in Italy's museums. Many of these museums, are the former palaces of kings or the houses of royal families. In , the first internet connection in Italy was experimented in Pisa , the third in Europe after Norway and England. Currently Internet access is available to businesses and home users in various forms, including dial-up, cable, DSL, and wireless. According to data released by the fibre-to-the-home FTTH Council Europe, Italy represents one of the largest FTTH markets in Europe, with more than 2,5 million homes passed by fibre at end-December ;  at the same date the country reported around , fibre subscribers.
The government aims to extend the fibre-optic network to rural areas. As of [update] , there were about 90 daily newspapers in the country, but not all of them had national circulation. Among the most important periodicals are the pictorial weeklies — Oggi , L'Europeo , L'espresso , and Gente.
Famiglia Cristiana is a Catholic weekly periodical with a wide readership. The majority of papers are published in northern and central Italy, and circulation is highest in these areas. Rome and Milan are the most important publication centers. A considerable number of dailies are owned by the political parties, the Roman Catholic Church, and various economic groups. In general, the journalistic level of the Italian papers is high, and two dailies, Milan's Corriere della Sera and Turin's La Stampa , enjoy international respect. The law provides for freedom of speech and the press, and the government is said to respect these rights in practice.
Of all the claimants to the title of the "Father of Radio", the one most associated with it is the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi. By he flashed the first wireless signal across the English Channel and two years later received the letter "S", telegraphed from England to Newfoundland. This was the first successful transatlantic radiotelegraph message in Today, radio waves that are broadcast from thousands of stations, along with waves from other sources, fill the air around us continuously. Italy has three state-controlled radio networks that broadcast day and evening hours on both AM and FM.
In addition, many private radio stations mix popular and classical music. The first form of televised media in Italy was introduced in , when the first experimental broadcasting began. However, this lasted for a very short time: when fascist Italy entered World War II in , all the transmission were interrupted, and were resumed in earnest only nine years after the end of the conflict, in There are two main national television organisations responsible for most viewing: state-owned RAI , funded by a yearly mandatory licence fee and Mediaset , commercial network founded by Silvio Berlusconi.
The television networks offer varied programs, including news, operas, game shows, sitcoms, cartoons, plays, documentaries, musicals, and films-all in Italian. All programs are in color, except for the old black-and-white movies. Conventional satellite dishes can pick up European broadcasts, including some in English. Italy set up its present form of government in That year, the people voted to change their nation from a monarchy ruled by a king to a republic headed by a president. King Umberto II immediately left the throne.
The voters elected a group of members, called a Constituent Assembly , to write a constitution. The Constitution was approved in and became effective on 1 January The Constitution established a governing system made up of a president, a cabinet called the Council of Ministers headed by a prime minister, and a Parliament made up of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies.
The president of Italy is elected to a seven-year term by both houses of Parliament and a small number of regional representatives. The president must be at least 50 years old. He or she appoints the prime minister, who forms a government. The president has the power to dissolve Parliament and call new elections. The president is the commander of the Italian armed forces, and can declare war.
Italy has no vice president. If the president of Italy becomes ill, the president of the Italian Senate takes over the office. If the president dies, a presidential election is held. The prime minister determines national policy and is the most important person in the Italian government. The prime minister is selected by the president — usually from the members of Parliament — and must be approved by Parliament. The prime minister has no fixed term of office and can be voted out of office by Parliament at any time.
Members of the Cabinet are chosen by the prime minister, and they are usually selected from the members of Parliament. They are then appointed by the president and must be approved by Parliament.
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The Italian prime minister and the cabinet are officially called the government. Italy was a founding member of the European Community — now the European Union. Roman Catholicism is by far the largest religion in the country.
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Most baptisms, weddings, and funeral services are held in church. An agreement called a "Concordat" governs since the relationship between Italy and the Roman Catholic Church. For instance, the agreement exempts priests and other members of religious orders from military service and gives tax exemptions to Catholic organizations.
Even though the main Christian denomination in Italy is Roman Catholicism, there are some minorities of Protestant , Waldensian , Eastern Orthodox and other Christian churches. In the past two decades, Italy has received several waves of immigrants and as a result, some , Muslims 1. Italian church architecture is equally spectacular and historically important to Western culture , notably St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, Cathedral of St. Football is a popular spectator and participation sport. The Italian national team is among the very best in the world and has won the World Cup on four different occasions: , , , and Only Brazil has a better record.
Major Italian clubs frequently compete at a high level of European competitions. Italy has also taken part in all the Winter Olympic Games , winning medals, and medals at the Summer Olympic Games. Italy has the sixth highest medal total of all time with Rugby union is also recognised in Italy; clubs compete domestically in the Super 10, as well as the European Heineken Cup tournament.
The National team has progressed significantly during the decades and achieved good results in the second half of the s, when they managed to beat historical teams. Cycling is also a well-represented sport in Italy. Italians are second only to Belgium in winning the most World Cycling Championships. Tennis has a significant following near courts and on television.
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Italian professional tennis players are almost always in the top world ranking of male and female players. Beach tennis with paddle racquet was invented by Italians, and is practised by many people across the country.
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Volleyball is played by a lot of amateur players and professional players compete in the Italian Volleyball League , regarded as the best and most difficult volleyball league in the world. The male and female national teams are often in the top 4 ranking of teams in the world. Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing, having competed since , and statistically the most successful Formula One team in history, with a record of 15 Drivers' Championships and 16 Constructors' Championships.
Also, motorcycle racers such as Giacomo Agostini and Valentino Rossi are recognized as some of the greatest sportstars of all time. Federica Pellegrini , one of the few female swimmers to have set world records in more than one event has been one of the world's most successful swimmers. Jessica Rossi scored a Shooting sport world record of 75 in the qualification and a world record of Fencing is a very successful sport and Italy is one of the most successful fencing countries; Edoardo Mangiarotti is the world's most successful fencer, with 39 Olympic titles and World championships won.
In wrestling, one of the most remarkable wrestlers is Bruno Sammartino , who held the record of the WWWF World Heavyweight Championship for over 11 years across two reigns, the first of which is the longest single reign in the promotion's history. Other very popular sports in Italy are basketball , athletics , and boxing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mythology folklore. Music and performing arts. Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms. Main article: Architecture of Italy. Main articles: Italian fashion and Italian design. Main article: Italian literature. See also: Latin literature. Main article: Cinema of Italy. Main article: Italian comics. Main article: Music of Italy. Main article: Science and technology in Italy. See also: Roman sculpture. Main article: Commedia dell'arte. See also: Theatre of ancient Rome.
Main article: Italian art. Main article: Italian cuisine. Main article: Education in Italy. See also: Western culture. Main article: Italophilia. See also: Anti-Italianism. Ferrari and Lamborghini are two of the most popular and acclaimed Italian brands. Main articles: Italian people and List of Italians. See also: Italic peoples. Main articles: Italian language and Regional Italian.
See also: Latin. Official language. Secondary, widely spoken or understood. Understood by some due to former colonisation. Main article: Cultural tourism. This section is empty. You can help by adding to it.
December See also: Freedom of the Press report. Main article: Internet in Italy. See also: List of newspapers in Italy. See also: List of radio stations in Italy. Main article: Television in Italy. See also: List of television channels in Italy. Main article: Politics of Italy. See also: Foreign relations of Italy. Main article: Roman Catholicism in Italy. See also: Religion in Italy. Main article: Sport in Italy. President Barack Obama. Italian Opera. Cambridge University Press, Treccani, il portale del sapere.
The A to Z of Renaissance Art. Scarecrow Press, Morellini Editore, Dorling Kindersley Ltd, Roman architecture. Cornell University Press, World Book, Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 20 August — via Google Books. Cozio Publishing, Laura Pausini a ruota libera: "I ragazzi dei talent show? Troppo supponenti.
Griffe e ambiente, ecco la nuova Pausini. Countries and Their Cultures, The American Heritage Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Dot-Dash to Dot. Springer, Meucci, Antonio. Encyclopedia of Earth, Corriere della Sera. Encyclopedia of The Renaissance and the Reformation. Infobase Publishing, Michelangelo: David. Giunti Editore, World History.