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The symposium explored development financing, which has become an important area of policy discussion in Africa and other developing areas in recent years. Using multifaceted and multidisciplinary analytical approaches, it considers the role of the banking system, the stock market, credit access, external aid, and sovereign wealth funds in the evolving development finance architecture. Further, the volume looks at China's role as an aid donor, the impact of BRICs partnerships in South Africa, the role of NEPAD in mobilizing resources for infrastructure development, and the links between law, trade, and regional integration.

The study concurs with previous analyses that greater access to credit by the poor represents the most effective way of fighting poverty and raising the standards of living in Africa. F Unknown. From microcosm to macrocosm : individual households and cities in ancient Egypt and Nubia []. As reflected in the title 'From Microcosm to Macrocosm: Individual households and cities in Ancient Egypt and Nubia', both a micro-approach introducing microhistories of individual sites according to recent archaeological fieldwork incorporating interdisciplinary methods as well as general patterns and regional developments in Northeast Africa are discussed.

This combination of research questions on the micro-level with the macro-level provides new information about cities and households in Ancient Egypt and Nubia and makes the book unique. Architectural studies as well as analyses of material culture and the new application of microarchaeology, here especially of micromorphology and archaeometric applications, are presented as case studies from sites primarily dating to the New Kingdom Second Millennium BC.

The rich potential of well-preserved but still not completely explored sites in modern Sudan, especially as direct comparison for already excavated sites located in Egypt, is in particular emphasised in the book. F Available. In defence of tradition : an inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan on Thursday, 06 September []. Ogbogbo, C. Ibadan, Nigeria : University of Ibadan, Description Book — 44 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm.

O Unavailable In transit. Description Book — pages : color illustrations, map ; 23 cm. Summary General issues Innovating on-orbit : the case of non-GSO constellations Legal aspects of innovative space-based solutions Innovation for all humankind : the case of Africa in outer space. Progress in exploration and exploitation of outer space is proceeding rapidly, resulting in new space telecommunication services, innovative use of the constellation of satellite and new methods of prolonging the life of those satellites. In response, this book offers an analysis of outer space activities and the resulting legal implications.

It offers a dual perspective. Firstly it looks at developments in international law, such as the regulation of non-GEO constellations, on-orbit services and in the field of space mining. Secondly, the book explores the developments on the African continent. Specifically it examines the growing need of space services in the area of mobile communications via satellites, internet access, Earth observations, disaster management, and navigation.

This is an important contribution to one of the most exciting and fast moving fields in law today. I56 Unknown. Paris : L'Harmattan, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, charts ; 24 cm. A35 M Available. Produire des films : Afriques et Moyen-Orient []. Villeneuve d'Ascq : Presses universitaires du Septentrion, Description Book — pages : illustrations ; 24 cm. Quels en sont les principaux acteurs? P7 P Available.

Public health, disease and development in Africa []. Description Book — xxi, pages : illlustrations ; 25 cm. Grigsby-Toussaint, and Imelda K. Moise 2. Moise, Evan de Joya, Leo C. Zulu, Ezekiel Kalipeni, and Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint 5. Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, and Juliet Iwelunmor 6. Oppong and Warangkana Ruckthongsook 7. Tenkorang 9. Tenkorang Assah, Emmanuella N. Atanga, and Jean Claude Mbanya Christoph, Diana S.

Grigsby-Toussaint, and James M. Muyonga, Ogugua C. Nyangena An interdisciplinary group of global health scholars contribute to the understanding of the emerging and fast-growing problem of the dual burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases NCDs in Africa. This book is timely, as the international community has moved from the MDGs to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs as the blueprint for a new human development agenda.

Contributions and case studies are situated in the revised Epidemiologic and Nutrition Transition Model to capture the current situation, referencing communicable and NCDs on the African continent. The case studies encapsulated aim to help minimize negative health outcomes and improve population health, well-being, and equity in the future. This book will be significant in policy circles to assist international organizations, governments, and United Nations agencies.

It aims to chart the future for health in Africa in light of recently adopted SDGs. This book is also a useful complementary reader for global public health related courses. H43 Unknown. Responsible conduct in chemistry research and practice : global perspectives []. Description Book — 1 online resource pages : illustrations. In addition to the symposium speakers, the editors invited several other colleagues in the global chemistry enterprise to contribute papers furthering the editorial center of the present volume.

T44 Available. The travails of African underdevelopment : prospects for development []. Ogbu, Solomon O. Z9 E Unavailable In transit. E9 V47 Available. Wissen in Bewegung : Migration und globale Verflechtungen in der Zeitgeschichte seit []. A2 W57 Available. Sound: digital; optical. Video: PAL. Digital: video file; all regions. DVD video. Z95 B Available. Description Book — , pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm. N8 A Unknown. The African Criminal Court : a commentary on the Malabo protocol [].

The Hague : T. Asser Press, [] Description Book — xii, pages ; 25 cm. This book offers the first comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the provisions of the 'Malabo Protocol'-the amendment protocol to the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights-adopted by the African Union at its Summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea. The Annex to the protocol, once it has received the required number of ratifications, will create a new Section in the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights with jurisdiction over international and transnational crimes, hence an 'African Criminal Court'.

In this book, leading experts in the field of international criminal law analyze the main provisions of the Annex to the Malabo Protocol. The book provides an essential and topical source of information for scholars, practitioners and students in the field of international criminal law, and for all readers with an interest in political science and African studies. Moritz Vormbaum received his doctoral degree in criminal law from the University of Munster Germany and his postdoctoral degree from Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin.

I57 A37 Unknown. African-Asian encounters : new cooperations and new dependencies []. Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, map ; 25 cm. A77 A37 Unknown. Z4 B Available. Panafrican Association of Catholic Exegetes. Protus Kemdirim. L4 P36 Available. Colloque international de finances publiques 10th : : Rabat, Morocco Paris : L'Harmattan, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, charts ; 22 cm. Z9 E Available. Description Book — pages : illustrations chiefly color ; 21 cm. Si le G. C Available. S46 Unknown. A35 D47 Available.

Description Book — x, pages : maps ; 21 cm Summary Tourism - in terms of its contribution to GDP, employment and trade - is a critical sector for many African economies, and its growth is increasingly driven by tourists originating from the continent itself. However, most African countries still face significant challenges and constraints in exploiting the potential of tourism services in trade and economic development.

The Economic Development in Africa Report , subtitled Tourism for Transformative and Inclusive Growth examines the role that tourism can play in Africa's development process. It aims to identify key barriers and impediments to unlocking the potential of tourism in Africa to help structurally transform the continent's economy and provides policy recommendations on how these barriers and impediments could be addressed. It argues that tourism can be an engine for inclusive growth and that it can complement development strategies aimed at fostering economic diversification and structural transformation within an appropriate policy context.

Qu'est-ce qu'un auteur postcolonial? A85 Available. Flora trade between Egypt and Africa in antiquity : proceedings of a conference held in Naples, Italy, 13 April []. In recent decades, study of the ancient Egyptian natural world and its classification has adopted innovative approaches involving new technologies of analysis and a multidisciplinary general view. This collection of papers focuses on one particularly important aspect of foreign trade: the importation of aromatic products. Contributors present the results of the latest researches into the origin and meaning of foreign aromatic products imported in Egypt from the south Nubia, Punt, Arabia, Horn of Africa from the beginning of the Dynastic period.

The quest for aromata has been of a crucial importance in Egypt, since it was closely connected with economic, political, ideological, religious and mythic spheres. Through archaeological research, epigraphic analysis and iconographic investigations new evidence is explored supporting the most likely hypothesis about the sources of these raw materials. The study of related documents has revealed possible linguistic links between ancient Egyptian and other African ancient languages, and a strong link between aromata and the divine world through the creation of many Egyptian myths.

The references to some specific aromatic products ti-shepes, snetjer, antyw, hesayt have been subject to careful lexicographic analysis, with special reference to Old Kingdom occurrences. Iconographic and field investigations documented here seek to better define the Egyptian way of representing the 'foreign' world and the value of its products in the spheres of Egyptian religiosity and rising Pharaonic ideology.

H57 Unknown. I58 Available. A35 C65 Available. L Available. Maladies chroniques en Afrique : enjeux et perspectives []. C17 M35 Available. Description Book — 1 online resource 2 volumes : illustrations some color. Summary vol. Bearss Ave. The purpose of this book is to inform readers of ongoing work using chemistry to benefit underrepresented communities. Topics include clean water initiatives, access to quality medicines, science education, and advancements in inexpensive analytical methodologies that can be applied in developing countries. In most cases, utilization of local resources in country is key.

Chemists Without Borders seeks to mobilize the resources and expertise of the global chemistry community and its networks. Chemists and others have united to work toward solutions to longstanding humanitarian issues. Joseph Ki-Zerbo []. M68 T. Madrid : Iberoamericana ; Frankfurt am Main : Vervuert, Description Book — pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.

As do attest the many paintings of flocks found in caves, human beings have recorded into drawings what they consider important since the prehistoric ages. Cartography, the science and art of elaborating maps, charts and plans, is one of the oldest manifestations of culture. Some authors consider that the development of making maps is older than the ability of writing. On the specimen that belongs to the British Museum of London, we have on a clay tablet the representation of a river flowing out through a delta and flanked by mountains.

Bibliographie de la philosophie africaine - A

Through their historical development, maps have appeared on stones, papyrus, metal, skins, etc. The ancient Egyptians have created beautiful maps 4. We owe the true foundations of scientific cartography to the Greeks. We inherited from them: the spherical conception of the earth, the existence of the poles, the Equator line and the first system of latitude and longitude.

The greatest Greek geographer was Claudius Ptolemy AD 90 to , author of the classic treatise Geographia , a collection of several maps and a map of the world. Inexplicably, during the Roman Empire, there are no great advances in the cartographic area. In the Middle Ages, we can find wonderful maps. From this period, we have many illustrative drawings and allegories. The famous maps known as T-O come from this period.

The name T-O has been given to these maps because they are composed of two circumferences, one external in the shape of an O and the other internal, divided in the middle, composing the letter T. These maps are circular, Jerusalem being their center. The T-O maps are oriented to the east: Asia is thus represented on the upper part of the T, Europe is situated to the left and Africa to the right. With the crusades and the advances of maritime commerce, the maps became more sophisticated. In the 14th century, a great period for navigation, Sagres School appears in Portugal, that produces beautiful charts.

The invention of printing will revolutionize the art of mapmaking. With the printing, maps became available to a great number of people. We must keep in mind that, before this invention, it was necessary to copy maps by hand, a very laborious and sluggish work. Copied maps were first taken from wood blocks and then, from copper plates. At this time, maps were colored by hand. The oldest convention adopted, the circle, belongs to the 16 th century. This convention designate urban agglomerates. Until them, the medieval cartographers had been using bulwarks.

When Holland becomes a commercial and naval center, in the late 16 th century, we meet the figure of a famous geographer, Gerard Kramer, known as Mercator. His maps are notable especially because of his creative calligraphy. Another distinguished cartographer appears in the 18 th century, the German Humboldt.

His main contributions were maps of distant regions, such as New Zealand and Australia. During the next centuries, cartography keeps on evolving, in search of a greater accuracy, and technological development has allowed many new processes of obtaining data. Nowadays, maps are classified according to their destination, their subject, the level of details and the size of the represented area.

We can therefore examine the following points:. Topographical charts include data gathered through field research, planmetry, altimetry and aerophotography. They are extremely precise and governments mainly use them on strategies and military logistics. We have here the case of the diagram, with a conceptual and informational purpose.

They can approach concepts and subjects that are in constant and continuous transformation, as migration fluxes, forest destruction, etc. Generally, the diagrams that support the information contained on the thematic chart are extracted from the geographic cartography.

They are also denominated cartograms. Labyrinths are images that have persisted in the history of humanity since millenniums. This long, continuous and mutant permanence unveils to us deep questions of human thought. More than the common sense is used to define; the labyrinths are signs of complexity. The greatest allure of labyrinths may reside in the fact that they are paradoxical and propose, each one in its own way, opposite and varied logics.

When one speaks about labyrinths, it is good to remember that besides human constructions, there are also natural labyrinths. Among them, the caverns and the caves that, with their narrow passages, propose us trace difficulties. The shells, exemplar image of the spiral theme, are other fecund source of daydream and reverie.

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The flowers, and their mandalic constructions, the leaves, the roots and the rhizomes are also natural labyrinths. Labyrinth is present in our own body, in many of our organs such as the brain, the inner ear, and even at the fingerprint, unique sign of our identity. The labyrinthine imaginary is present in several periods of mankind. One of the oldest graphical representations dated from the neoliptic age and is found in the cave of Valcamonia, Italy.

Among antiquity's labyrinths, there are the Egyptian totally destroyed, whose original plan was reconstructed by the English archeologist Flindres Petrie, in and the Cretan immortalized by the mythical narratives of Theseus, Ariadne and Minotaur. The sense of labyrinth has been transformed throughout time.

Le Centre d'Études Africaines de l'EPHE-VIe Section : bilan et activités.

In the Egyptian case, we have a magnificent and majestic construction, as space dedicated to the protection of the sacred. The Egyptian labyrinth was, at the same time, sanctuary and monumental representation of the power of pharaoh and sacerdotal class. On the other hand, the Cretan labyrinth is a prison and a shelter for the monstrous. We find this thematic in nightmares producing dark and tortuous corridors, facing a double challenge: to find the right path and kill the beast.

The propelling purpose, that led the architect to plan garden alleys, was to provide people with fun. It is therefore impossible to think of a general concept that would define the labyrinth in a single word. The classic definition of a labyrinth being such a difficult and intricate construction that the walker often loses his sense of direction and meet difficulties to reach the center, corresponds to one type of labyrinth only, and reduces the complexity involved in this theme.

We can say that these labyrinths do not present any problem about decision taking, as they offer one-option paths only, without any branches. Different from problematizing mazes, this kind of drawing does not present any division throughout its course. Therefore, one-course labyrinths do not offer the visitor any free choice. As there is no path to be chosen, there is no possibility to get lost, and the visitor only has to follow the circumvolutions, in and out, as they have been conceived by the architect.

However, these beautiful diagrams had a deep spiritual meaning to the faithful. There were more than mere ornamental drawings: the novice who walked through these labyrinths while he was praying, tried to reach a supreme state of mental concentration. To walk through these labyrinths was a quest for a sacred space, a substitution to a pilgrimage to Holy Land.

According to our proposition of elaborating a labyrinthine typology, this kind of labyrinth would be the first: without any forks, also called one-course labyrinth. The second type of labyrinth, maybe the most frequent in stories and legends, corresponds to a labyrinth with crossroads.

I will not spend much time on this type, as the latter has been the object of thorough research in my previous book. We will however examine some points of interest for our current discussion. However, we have to remember that many artistic works in hypermedia consider the art of getting lost as a poetic stimulus see web art works of Jodi and Landsbeyond. Cyberspace labyrinth belongs to another class, another typology. It maintains characteristics of the first kind as well as of the second kind, but it goes beyond. We are here facing a rhizome-type labyrinth. A rhizome can be connected in different directions and from each of its points - so does WWW.

A rhizome does not have one center only, we have got a center in all its points. Some authors refer to the very mind as an example of rhizome-type labyrinth. In the studies about labyrinths, the concept of maps is a quite important topic. When we think about labyrinths, different possible maps do exist. The first one, the easiest to conceive, is about the plan, the project of the labyrinth constructed at the moment of its conception. When a labyrinth is rationally thought in order to be built, it is reasonable that a map, or a project for its realization, would exist.

But, as we have already seen, thousands of labyrinths have been created spontaneously and in these cases, no pre-drawn maps do, a priori, exist. A second possible category is about maps created from the discovery of a space that is being walked over. We thus can start this reflection with the statement that two possible map categories may exist: the first about the ones that are created and elaborated within imagination, by a thinking mind that has got a panoramic and global view on the ground where the labyrinth is going to be realized.

In common sense, we usually mix up the concepts of maps and visual representation of labyrinthine space. Deleuze e Guattari , in an attempt to differentiate the two concepts, gave to the representation the name decalque. Most of the time, the labyrinth traveler does not even know the decalque, that is to say, he has no panoramic and global vision of the whole space to be walked over. Therefore, during the wandering, he can only count on information that will be locally collected. However, even when the pilgrim can count on the help of a graphic representation of space, we know that other geographies, other characteristics and peculiarities are not present in the diagram.

These geographies, despite being included in the represented space, go further and multiply spaces and unfold during the walking. The fact is, beyond the represented spaces, other spaces exist and coexist, that are impossible to be reproduced in their complexity.

We can thus conclude that maps, as constructions in constant metamorphosis, belong to the sphere of acquired knowledge, incorporated in lived experience. Maps can only be apprehended through the walking and the oscillating movements between local order and global order, going in and out, perceiving and rationalizing.

My research on cyberspace started in the early 90s. But I have always had a passion for ancient maps. What I think most charming about these maps is the reflection on how they have been conceived and created, so different from the conventions we are used to find during geography classes. It is unbelievable to think that, with the progress of naval art, courageous men would venture into unknown oceans, sometimes with the only help of hand-drawn maps, beautiful ones, however partially or totally deprived of information about where to go On these ancient maps, it is common to find practical information, such as bays and mountains, as well as imaginary elements, such as sirens and dragons.

Besides, the vast ocean spaces were often occupied by elaborated and sophisticated calligraphies.

Aïe Aïe Aïe !

These elements seem to tell us how much the unknown could be scaring, enigmatic and a ground for the most incredible fantasies. The evolution in boat construction occurred in parallel to cartography evolution. In order to be possible to move forward to unknown territories, the already visited ones needed to be registered. Ancient maps signaling reveals this purpose and theses concerns. In cartography evolution, we can see the appearance of scales, colors, sea topographic details, mountains, hills, lakes, rivers, titles and legends, among other signaling elements.

The marking of cardinal points, for example, is fundamental for orientation. Even if we are now used to draw maps locating north in the upper part, there is no logical reason to do so. Ancient medieval maps used to put east on the top of the drawing, as homage to sacred places of the Orient. The very word orientation originates from this sacrosanct positioning. The procedure of using north to orient maps has been established in Italy, but, by the beginning of 19th century, examples using other orientation are still frequent Hodgkin, These and other examples make us aware that our cartography, the one we are so much used to, is the result of conventions that have evolved throughout history.

One of the visions that had the strongest impact on my life has been that of the gallery of ancient maps during my visit to Vatican. The author of the paintings was Egnizio Danti, cosmographer and a Dominican friar. In the Galleries, we can see 40 maps of Italian harbors, two walls facing each other, composing the largest cycle of cartography images of Europe. According to Lucio Gambi, geographer of Milano University and author of the book The gallery of maps in Vatican , the series painted by Danti shows supreme geographical accuracy.

Even if I was not aware of this technical information at the first moment, the observation of these maps made me thoughtful. It was as if they were in front of me the ample proof that men use conventions in order to try to represent the world in the most accurate way. Besides, the gallery of maps was an obvious demonstration of how conventions become obsolete. Over the years, my attraction to ancient maps have not vanished, on the contrary. I started to understand something more. Obviously, the Vatican maps were still disturbing me, but they were now telling me other stories.

I was more controlled and calm, and therefore able to listen to their message. Although and because the sense of strangeness produced by these maps has been deafening, they teach us that our cartography conventions are not the only ones. It is maybe time for us, as we venture through the exploration of new and unknown territories such as cyberspace, to think and seek other kinds of representation, other maps.

When we think in cartographing cyberspace, the great challenge seems to be: how to represent this large and changing territory, that transforms itself continuously? This challenge has been a stimulus to many people, among them, scientists, engineers, and obviously, artists. Internet History , timeline that shows a collection of old Net maps, is a classic reference for people who investigate historical aspects of the WWW.

This site shows a collection of different kinds of maps - with comments and respective links, lists of discussion and articles about the topic. Intending to show maps of digital culture from individual perspectives, Omnizone counted on the participation of artists, curators, scientists, programmers, etc. Many of the maps that I will comment have been found in these two sites, although others have appeared as a result of the search engines.

The research on cyberspace maps developed into three phases. I first listed all the sites and programs that aimed the visualization of the Internet. The second step included visits to the sites, downloads of software and practical experimentation. I confess that it has been a hard work, but there was no other way to find and understand these maps and their functioning. The final phase was the classification of the maps into categories, that is to explain their basic differences, regarding not only their purpose but also, and mainly, the contents to be cartographed.

It is clear to me that the most important criterion for the differentiation of the many cyberspace maps is the observation and the analysis of what each of them intend to represent. This category includes the representation of the structural webs that turn possible the emergence of cyberspace. They are unbelievable, splendid and surprising. Among the most fantastic ones, are maps of satellite webs and submarine communication cables. I also discovered maps of the planning for future optical fibers webs. Besides, I have to mention the Maps of Internet Service Providers, ISP , that show diagrams of the providers, the links between them and the users of the web.

The traceroutes explore the directions followed by the data between the place they are filed and their arrival to their destination computer. It is quite interesting to see the paths information walks on before it reaches us. Trace routes unveil the hidden world of Internet. NetBird: this program provides us maps that originate from commands of traceroutes realized by different computers of volunteers connected to the web. These paths create a dynamic and self-organized diagram. The Skitter measures and visualizes the paths followed by the data when they leave their source until they reach they many destinations.

In spite of its abstract shape, it is a very useful map for the identification of critical paths, being thus a fundamental tool to web engineers. SCAN :this is another program that produces maps of the traceroutes. The Scan emphasizes the topological relationships. It addresses to big, dynamic and homogenic webs. It is a useful tool to isolate problems on traffic routes. Websites maps are quite useful and frequently used in the case of vast and complex sites. Paul Jahn wrote an interesting and profound article about this topic. Some examples:. Dynamics Diagrams, or Z-diagram , : are interactive maps written in Java.

They use the metaphor of files archiving and can be visualized in a projection. These maps indicate the main knots and the respective links of large Websites. The differential of these maps is the visual composition that reminds of the images we obtain using fisheye lens. Without any doubt, the research led by Ed H.

Chi and Stuart K. Card is extremely revolutionary and innovating and suggest interesting paths. Their ideas can be checked in the article Visualizing the evolution of web ecologies. Figure 4: H. These maps are very curious and useful, as they allow internauts visualize their paths, rescue parts of the navigated route, or even go straight to sites of direct interest. WebMap uses numbers to indicate the sequence followed in navigation.

WWW Graphic History Browser : created by the pair Eric Ayers and John Statsko in , organizes the trajectory created throughout navigation into a conventionally structured diagram with one advantage however: the sketch is made of little rectangles that reproduce the image of the accessed pages. Eastgate Web Squirre: program developed by Mark Bernstein from Eastgate Systems that allows to organize visually different cyberspace sources of research such as URLs, emails, newsgroups, etc.

Squirrel works with the metaphor of the farm. Each farm is a file used by the program to map informational spaces. The farms allow many different kinds of data structuration. The main idea is that the user keeps on filing, cultivating and organizing farm elements. Besides, the farms , being registers, can be shared with other users.

To summarize, Squirrel is software that helps organize visually information obtained during navigation. Internet Carthographer : from Inventix Software company is a software that works together with the browser. It classifies and maps all visited page. The visual aspect of the map is abstract, showing different points scattered on the screen and crossing lines.

At the side of the visual map, there is a summary of informative data. Natto View : by H. Shiozawa and Y. Matsushita, from University of Science and Technology of Keio, Japan, allows a three-dimensional visualization of navigation. It presents a three-dimensional visualization. They are complex and sophisticated maps. These maps use geographical metaphors and try to identify the presence of hardware connected to WWW.

Matrix , located in Austin, Texas, developed different softwares that measure, analyze and cartograph the Net. Among the maps of the web, the most recent, called Internet Weather Report - IWR: it is a dynamic representation with animated maps. The mapping method is based upon the locating of web knots and applies these data to a representation of classic geography, the map of the world. In , Quarterman published the book, The Matrix: Computer Networks and Conferencing Systems Worldwide , today a class in the discussion of problematical aspects in computer webs mapping.

The title of the book, Matrix , in the meaning used by Quarterman, is the set of all computers interconnected webs. The use of geographical metaphor is clearly perceived. This map showing three-dimensional arcs is perhaps the most famous image of what Internet is. Actually, this image is a visualization of traffic flows between 50 countries.

Figure 8: Map of fluxes in Internet, developed by Stephen G. The purpose of this mapping approach is to signal web data as a whole. The big difference with MIDS project is that this one does not use traditional geography. On the contrary, data maps are created into an abstract space. According to the authors article Mapping the Internet Project their project does not use old conventions, as concepts such as places, countries and territories are challenged. The produced image reminds of the structure of a tree, showing the paths to most of the webs. The paths change throughout times. The traffic routes are reconfigured and Internet expands.

The authors keep the created images and intend to realize a movie about this expansion. The algorithm of image processing is simple and currently consumes about 20 hours. In a second phase, the produced map is painted to show different data. One of theses beautiful maps was published on the coverpage of Wired magazine in December When the authors are asked about the place we are on the map, they say that this would be impossible today, because of the complexity of the portrayed web: about Topographical maps are a classic in WWW and can be found not only at a macroscopic level, that is during a mapping search of the web as a whole, but also at a microscopic level, regarding the orientation of a user of a specific site.

Many other sites, called portals, also organize Web information into topics. Besides, it is frequent to find on the Web personal pages that display lists with indications of links. This mapping shows in hypertext WWW original propositions. Cybermaps Landmarks : a project developed by John December during the years The idea behind this mapping is to emphasize visually the domains of information. Newsmaps : the proposition of the site is to collect news from different sources and organize them visually, or, as the site itself names it, to present information interactive landscapes.

The visual composition is structured into topics. What is behind Newsmaps is a software system that accesses Web documents - not only news agencies but also online groups of discussion - and organizes them into a sort of landscape of interconnected topics. The maps tell us where to access a big concentration of documents, messages and discussions about a specific theme. The appearance of the green maps that can be accessed on the site Newsmaps reminds of mountains, peaks and valleys.

Peaks indicate a big concentration of documents about a specific subject. The higher the peaks, the larger the quantity of similar documents. Besides this topographical organization, the site offers tools for search, that locate a specific subject in relation to existing topics. The navigator still counts on the resource of using flags to mark the most interesting points. According to the author, cinema teacher Lee Boot, this map is a "personal and global exploration of themes that disturb adolescents". Following this line, "while incorporating personal and global thinking, some point should appear where consciousness is expanded" Its interface reminds of a sketched exercise book and each word designed in print letters corresponds to a link of a WWW site.

The map is organized into concepts and is a mirror of the choices of the author himself and the paths he walked over on the Web. I like to think of this website as the node, and the Internet itself as a huge morass of connections and real choices. This model echoes that of the human brain. A website is to the Internet as a neuron is to the brain. This is a form I present often in this work. The aim of the first phase, DLI-1, was to develop techniques to find and rescue information contained in big data banks and then to create nets of semantic connections between them.

Phase 2 intends to develop techniques and methodologies for analysis and automatic visualization of large collections of documents. The method includes human classification systems and Artificial Intelligence systems. Some of my favorite web sites are art : this site has organized a web art exhibition, using the idea of gallery as a metaphor. It functions as a map with web artists works while it organizes and contextualizes the exhibited works.

There are some curatorial texts by Rachel Baker and Alex Galloway. In this final group, we will see poetical propositions that have been developed by artists and groups of people interested in creating cyberspace visualizations. Different from the maps that we have already commented, the artistic approaches are much more free from technical concerns about data acquisition and organization.

Generally, although they use technological resources, the latters must not be considered as scientific tools for the analysis of WWW structures or the functioning of the nets. Artistic maps never tell us - almost never - where we are or even the indication of the page on URL. Besides, the aim of these projects is not to help in the orientation through the sea of data. They are not precise, they are disturbing and they corrupt many of our pre-established ideas about cyberspace.

The next projects that I will comment offer hidden beauties, cause a feeling of strangeness and make us incapable to answer questions, which we had never dreamed of. WebStalker subverts one of WWW conventions that have been less questioned: the browser. As you know, the traditional browsers pick up the data that are written in HTML and translate the code into the shape we are used to look at. The difference is that WebStalker does not display on screen the information about these files; instead, it offers a graphical translation of the code structure. The maps produced by WebStalker have a great aesthetic power.

Each link turns into a line, each page is represented by circles. A small HTML excerpt can produce fantastic images that remind of mandalas. Sensorium, a group composed of twenty people living in Tokyo, winner of Golden Nica Award of the important exhibition Prix Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria, , net category. The projects created by Sensorium are intriguing propositions for discussions about Internet and stimulate our perception.

The map allows the visualization of the personal journey in red and the trajectory of other people, interacting within the net, in blue. The representation is dynamic and poetic. As for BeWare, it is a live object that reflects the conditions of the Earth from the angle of NOAA, a satellite in polar orbit, located at an altitude of km.

The photographic images of the surface of Earth produced by NOAA are analyzed and converted into temperature data. During the exhibition of BeWare, people could touch and feel the different temperatures. The most interesting point in this sensory map is that it uses data transmission through Internet as a tool of statement. Mediamatic , vol. CHI, Ed H. Woburn, MA: Digital Press. Is it possible to speak about male-pixels and female-pixels?

African potentials : their diversity, dynamism and challenges []. Description Book — pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm. A Unknown. The arts and indigenous knowledge systems in a modernized Africa []. Description Book — xi, pages : illustrations ; 22 cm Summary This collection derives from a conference held in Pretoria, South Africa, and discusses issues of indigenous knowledge systems IKS and the arts.

It presents ideas about how to promote a deeper understanding of IKS within the arts, the development of IKS-arts research methodologies, and the protection and promotion of IKS in the arts. Knowledge, embedded in song, dance, folklore, design, architecture, theatre, and attire, and the visual arts can promote innovation and entrepreneurship, and it can improve communication. IKS, however, exists in a post-millennium, modernizing Africa.

It is then the concept of post-Africanism that would induce one to think along the lines of a globalized, cosmopolitan and essentially modernized Africa. The book captures leading trends and ideas that could help to protect, promote, develop and affirm indigenous knowledge and systems, whilst also making room for ideas that do not necessarily oppose IKS, but encourage the modernization not Westernization of Africa.

A73 Unknown. Bandung legacy and global future : new insights and emerging forces []. Delhi : Aakar Books, B Available. Building blocks towards an African century : essays in honour of Thabo Mbeki, former president of the Republic of South Africa []. Johannesburg : Real African Publishers, Makhanya-- Introduction - N. The essays presented on that day were collected and edited into this book. What is reflected in the essays goes beyond the person of Thabo Mbeki to include the identification of the problems that Africa needs to solve and ventures to answer some of the difficult questions they pose.

In the end, the Colloquium sought to address the matter of Afrocentricity in the process of knowledge production as a means of responding to Africa's challenges rather than positioning Africans as simply the consumers of pre-packaged information from elsewhere and not Africa. B85 Available. Anafak et Leonel K. Nguefack Monde post Guerre froide et reconfiguration de la notion de puissance : quel espace pour l'Afrique? C74 Available. Dieu, les migrants et l'Afrique []. Paris : L'Harmattan, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, maps, chart ; 24 cm.

D54 Available. Fela after : challenges, justification and lessons for Africa's development : proceedings of the Fela Kuti International Conference on African Homelands and Social Theory []. Financing innovation and sustainable development in Africa []. Description Book — xxiii, pages ; 22 cm. Summary This book derives from a symposium held at Cornell University in April The symposium explored development financing, which has become an important area of policy discussion in Africa and other developing areas in recent years.

Using multifaceted and multidisciplinary analytical approaches, it considers the role of the banking system, the stock market, credit access, external aid, and sovereign wealth funds in the evolving development finance architecture. Further, the volume looks at China's role as an aid donor, the impact of BRICs partnerships in South Africa, the role of NEPAD in mobilizing resources for infrastructure development, and the links between law, trade, and regional integration.

The study concurs with previous analyses that greater access to credit by the poor represents the most effective way of fighting poverty and raising the standards of living in Africa. F Unknown. From microcosm to macrocosm : individual households and cities in ancient Egypt and Nubia []. As reflected in the title 'From Microcosm to Macrocosm: Individual households and cities in Ancient Egypt and Nubia', both a micro-approach introducing microhistories of individual sites according to recent archaeological fieldwork incorporating interdisciplinary methods as well as general patterns and regional developments in Northeast Africa are discussed.

This combination of research questions on the micro-level with the macro-level provides new information about cities and households in Ancient Egypt and Nubia and makes the book unique. Architectural studies as well as analyses of material culture and the new application of microarchaeology, here especially of micromorphology and archaeometric applications, are presented as case studies from sites primarily dating to the New Kingdom Second Millennium BC.

The rich potential of well-preserved but still not completely explored sites in modern Sudan, especially as direct comparison for already excavated sites located in Egypt, is in particular emphasised in the book. F Available. In defence of tradition : an inaugural lecture delivered at the University of Ibadan on Thursday, 06 September []. Ogbogbo, C. Ibadan, Nigeria : University of Ibadan, Description Book — 44 pages : illustrations ; 21 cm.

O Unavailable In transit. Description Book — pages : color illustrations, map ; 23 cm. Summary General issues Innovating on-orbit : the case of non-GSO constellations Legal aspects of innovative space-based solutions Innovation for all humankind : the case of Africa in outer space. Progress in exploration and exploitation of outer space is proceeding rapidly, resulting in new space telecommunication services, innovative use of the constellation of satellite and new methods of prolonging the life of those satellites.

In response, this book offers an analysis of outer space activities and the resulting legal implications. It offers a dual perspective. Firstly it looks at developments in international law, such as the regulation of non-GEO constellations, on-orbit services and in the field of space mining.

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Secondly, the book explores the developments on the African continent. Specifically it examines the growing need of space services in the area of mobile communications via satellites, internet access, Earth observations, disaster management, and navigation. This is an important contribution to one of the most exciting and fast moving fields in law today.


  • Little Eyolf [with Biographical Introduction].
  • Le carnet de la revue.
  • 100 Reasons the World Loves Obama?
  • American Reform Responsa.

I56 Unknown. Paris : L'Harmattan, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, charts ; 24 cm. A35 M Available. Produire des films : Afriques et Moyen-Orient []. Villeneuve d'Ascq : Presses universitaires du Septentrion, Description Book — pages : illustrations ; 24 cm. Quels en sont les principaux acteurs? P7 P Available. Public health, disease and development in Africa [].


  1. Howl of the Night Pack!
  2. Evaluating the Performance of the Hospital CEO!
  3. Angel: A Hustling Diva with a Twist: A Hustling Diva with a Twist?
  4. The Stress-Free Guide to Studying in the States – a Step-by-Step Plan for International Students.
  5. Stanford Libraries;
  6. Description Book — xxi, pages : illlustrations ; 25 cm. Grigsby-Toussaint, and Imelda K. Moise 2. Moise, Evan de Joya, Leo C. Zulu, Ezekiel Kalipeni, and Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint 5. Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, and Juliet Iwelunmor 6. Oppong and Warangkana Ruckthongsook 7. Tenkorang 9. Tenkorang Assah, Emmanuella N. Atanga, and Jean Claude Mbanya Christoph, Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint, and James M. Muyonga, Ogugua C. Nyangena An interdisciplinary group of global health scholars contribute to the understanding of the emerging and fast-growing problem of the dual burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases NCDs in Africa.

    This book is timely, as the international community has moved from the MDGs to adopt the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs as the blueprint for a new human development agenda. Contributions and case studies are situated in the revised Epidemiologic and Nutrition Transition Model to capture the current situation, referencing communicable and NCDs on the African continent. The case studies encapsulated aim to help minimize negative health outcomes and improve population health, well-being, and equity in the future.

    This book will be significant in policy circles to assist international organizations, governments, and United Nations agencies. It aims to chart the future for health in Africa in light of recently adopted SDGs. This book is also a useful complementary reader for global public health related courses. H43 Unknown. Responsible conduct in chemistry research and practice : global perspectives [].


    • SearchWorks Catalog?
    • Synonyms and antonyms of épistémologique in the French dictionary of synonyms;
    • INSPIRATIONS, MUSINGS and SCRAPS.
    • Les Stations de Transfert d’Energie par Pompage - Climat-Energie.

    Description Book — 1 online resource pages : illustrations. In addition to the symposium speakers, the editors invited several other colleagues in the global chemistry enterprise to contribute papers furthering the editorial center of the present volume. T44 Available. The travails of African underdevelopment : prospects for development []. Ogbu, Solomon O. Z9 E Unavailable In transit. E9 V47 Available. Wissen in Bewegung : Migration und globale Verflechtungen in der Zeitgeschichte seit []. A2 W57 Available. Sound: digital; optical. Video: PAL. Digital: video file; all regions. DVD video.

    Z95 B Available. Description Book — , pages : color illustrations ; 24 cm. N8 A Unknown. The African Criminal Court : a commentary on the Malabo protocol []. The Hague : T. Asser Press, [] Description Book — xii, pages ; 25 cm. This book offers the first comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the provisions of the 'Malabo Protocol'-the amendment protocol to the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights-adopted by the African Union at its Summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea.

    The Annex to the protocol, once it has received the required number of ratifications, will create a new Section in the African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights with jurisdiction over international and transnational crimes, hence an 'African Criminal Court'. In this book, leading experts in the field of international criminal law analyze the main provisions of the Annex to the Malabo Protocol.

    The book provides an essential and topical source of information for scholars, practitioners and students in the field of international criminal law, and for all readers with an interest in political science and African studies. Moritz Vormbaum received his doctoral degree in criminal law from the University of Munster Germany and his postdoctoral degree from Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. I57 A37 Unknown. African-Asian encounters : new cooperations and new dependencies []. Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, map ; 25 cm.

    A77 A37 Unknown. Z4 B Available. Panafrican Association of Catholic Exegetes. Protus Kemdirim. L4 P36 Available. Colloque international de finances publiques 10th : : Rabat, Morocco Paris : L'Harmattan, [] Description Book — pages : illustrations, charts ; 22 cm.

    Les Stations de Transfert d’Energie par Pompage

    Z9 E Available. Description Book — pages : illustrations chiefly color ; 21 cm. Si le G. C Available. S46 Unknown. A35 D47 Available. Description Book — x, pages : maps ; 21 cm Summary Tourism - in terms of its contribution to GDP, employment and trade - is a critical sector for many African economies, and its growth is increasingly driven by tourists originating from the continent itself.

    However, most African countries still face significant challenges and constraints in exploiting the potential of tourism services in trade and economic development. The Economic Development in Africa Report , subtitled Tourism for Transformative and Inclusive Growth examines the role that tourism can play in Africa's development process.