Human skeleton , the internal skeleton that serves as a framework for the body.
This framework consists of many individual bones and cartilages. There also are bands of fibrous connective tissue —the ligaments and the tendons —in intimate relationship with the parts of the skeleton.
This article is concerned primarily with the gross structure and the function of the skeleton of the normal human adult. The human skeleton, like that of other vertebrates , consists of two principal subdivisions, each with origins distinct from the others and each presenting certain individual features.
These are 1 the axial , comprising the vertebral column —the spine—and much of the skull , and 2 the appendicular , to which the pelvic hip and pectoral shoulder girdles and the bones and cartilages of the limbs belong. Discussed in this article as part of the axial skeleton is a third subdivision, the visceral, comprising the lower jaw , some elements of the upper jaw, and the branchial arches, including the hyoid bone.
When one considers the relation of these subdivisions of the skeleton to the soft parts of the human body—such as the nervous system , the digestive system , the respiratory system , the cardiovascular system , and the voluntary muscles of the muscle system —it is clear that the functions of the skeleton are of three different types: support, protection, and motion.
Of these functions, support is the most primitive and the oldest; likewise, the axial part of the skeleton was the first to evolve. The vertebral column, corresponding to the notochord in lower organisms, is the main support of the trunk. The central nervous system lies largely within the axial skeleton, the brain being well protected by the cranium and the spinal cord by the vertebral column, by means of the bony neural arches the arches of bone that encircle the spinal cord and the intervening ligaments. A distinctive characteristic of humans as compared with other mammals is erect posture.
The human body is to some extent like a walking tower that moves on pillars, represented by the legs. Tremendous advantages have been gained from this erect posture, the chief among which has been the freeing of the arms for a great variety of uses. Novel Study. Skeleton Man. This is a concise study guide in the form of a pamphlet. Students use the pamphlet as a guide and record their answers on separate pieces of. Reading , Literature , Reading Strategies. Novel Study , Printables , Literature Circles. Skeleton Man by Joseph Bruhac. Skeleton Man by Joseph Bruhac is a great book suitable for grade This book is am amazing read for the Halloween season.
This product is a novel unit study. For each chapter of the book, there is a worksheet that includes 12 to 16 vocabulary words and 6 to 7 comprehension questions.
Linking together lessons
Answers for. Reading , Vocabulary , Special Education. Worksheets , Novel Study , Printables. This plot graph is presented in landscape view. This worksheet has a staircase pattern that moves from the bottom left to the upper right of the paper.
Lessons from the Ancient One
Beginning at the bottom left of the page, students will number each major event in the literary work and write a short description of the event. Worksheets , Activities. Skeleton Man Fiction Book Pennant. This pennant is an excellent resource for assessing students after reading the novel, Skeleton Man, by Joseph Bruchac. Activities , Assessment , Bulletin Board Ideas. Skeleton Man By Joesph Bruchac. Included is a worksheet that will help students stop and think about what they are reading by having them respond to higher level questions.
Also, a graphic organizer is included which focuses on problem and solution.
Full Lesson Plan Overview
English Language Arts , Reading. Worksheets , Activities , Assessment. A 10 question, short answer test for the book, "Skeleton Man", by Joseph Bruchac. QUestions ask students about various parts of the story. There is no multiple choice, only short answer!
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Skeleton Man Discussion Questions. Discussion questions for all levels of thinking to be used for literature circles or book clubs reading Skeleton Man by Joseph Bruchac. Questions are organized by chapter, so it is very easy for teachers to follow along. This is a great teacher resource for small group reading instruction!
Novel Study , Literature Circles. Students will read sentences from the novel, Skeleton Man, and match it with the correct figurative language used. Skeleton Man Story Map. This story map is a graphic organizer for the novel Skeleton Man by Joseph Bruchac. Novel Study , Graphic Organizers. Five tribes are seeking custody of the bones, and if any can now demonstrate that Kennewick Man is one of their own, they will get the reburial that they have been asking for since the remains were found on the banks of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, in The return of the Ancient One, as the tribes call the ancient human, would help to heal a rift between researchers and Native Americans.
It also demonstrates the need for a rethink of the rules. In an age in which ancient genomes can reveal startling links between historical populations, we should ask not just whether remains should be reburied, but who decides and on what grounds. Rasmussen et al. Nature , —; paved the way for the US Army Corps of Engineers, which manages the land where the remains were found, to deem him Native American.
Before that, the bones were in limbo and kept off display, but were allowed to be visited by scientists and the tribes seeking reburial. The genome established that Kennewick Man is more closely related to Native Americans than to other global populations sampled.
Hydrostatic Skeletons, Exoskeletons & Endoskeletons - Video & Lesson Transcript | vobylusesuje.tk
This was no surprise and it torpedoed fringe theories that Kennewick Man was related to Europeans or an indigenous Japanese group. But the researchers also found that some South American groups such as the Karitiana, who live deep in the Amazon, are more related to Kennewick Man than are many North American tribes, such as the Ojibwa from the Great Lakes region.
Of the five tribes seeking reburial, only members of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation offered their DNA for comparison. Members of this tribe were found to share a relatively close connection to Kennewick Man, but no more than some other groups from North and South America.