Wide partisan divides stretch from the causes and cures for climate change to trust in climate scientists and their research. This compares with more than half of Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents.
Americans felt disillusioned with the way Washington responded to the financial meltdown of Against a backdrop of global terrorism — including several attacks on American soil — Americans also became less confident in the ability of their government to handle threats. Americans also had serious concerns about privacy, though the government was not the sole focus of skepticism in this respect.
During the Obama years, Americans were highly skeptical their personal information would remain private and secure, regardless of whether it was the government or the private sector that collected it. In a survey, fewer than one-in-ten Americans said they were very confident that each of 11 separate entities — ranging from credit card companies to email providers — would keep their records private and secure.
In Germany, favorability of the U. In the United Kingdom, confidence in the U. The Obama bump was most dramatic in Western Europe, but was also evident in virtually every country surveyed between and But the U. Russian views of the U. Meanwhile, certain U. Americans, meanwhile, have become less certain of their place in the world. The share of Americans who say it would be better if the U.
Roughly half of Americans say U.
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About half of Americans say the U. If demographic changes are slow, technological changes can be swift. In the new millennium, major technology revolutions have occurred in broadband connectivity, social media use and mobile adoption. With the rise of Facebook, Twitter and other apps, social media use climbed to about three-quarters of online adults by Obama also helped usher in the rise of digital video in politics, sharing his weekly address through the White House YouTube channel. By the end of his second term, YouTube had become a media behemoth with over a billion users.
The rise of digital tools and social platforms has also helped bring about profound changes in the U. Americans today access information, get news and engage with politicians in new and different ways than in — a trend underscored by the political success of Trump, whose frequent use of Twitter to communicate directly with supporters and detractors was one of the defining narratives of his campaign to succeed Obama.
In , more U. Cable TV, by contrast, remained among the most helpful sources for all other adults. In , relatively few Americans said they got their news through social media or via a smartphone or other mobile device. By , six-in-ten Americans said they got their news through social media and seven-in-ten said they accessed it through a mobile device. Print newspapers continued a long-term decline, with sharp cuts in newspaper staffing and a severe dip in average circulation.
Newspaper editorial staff in the U. While television remains a major source of news for Americans, there are signs of change. Viewership of local TV newscasts has been flat or declining for years, depending on the time of day. Overall, Americans remained extremely wary of the news media.
Nearly three-quarters said in a separate survey that the news media are biased. But for all the skepticism facing the media, Americans continued to value the watchdog functions of the press. While the election may be one for the history books, looking ahead requires equal measures of caution and humility, particularly when it comes to politics and public policy. It remains to be seen, for example, whether Donald Trump will push forward on some of his highest-profile campaign priorities, such as constructing a wall on the U. On some of his priorities, Trump appears to have the support of the public; on others, he appears to be out of step with public sentiment.
Either way, history suggests that opinion can change significantly as general proposals move to concrete legislation. Still, there are certain bigger trends we know are going to continue and others that show no signs of reversing. Americans seem to expect major changes: More than six-in-ten, for example, believe that within 50 years, robots or computers will do much of the work that is currently done by humans. The demographic changes that have taken hold across the U. The nation as a whole will turn grayer and its racial and ethnic diversification is expected to continue: In less than 40 years, the U.
The foreign policy challenges facing this politically fractured nation seem endless, from Russia and China to terrorism and the environment. At home, financial prosperity — even stability — feels increasingly out of reach to many Americans: Today, far more people are pessimistic than optimistic about life for the next generation of Americans. Yet the United States enters this uncertain new era with undeniable, if often overlooked, strengths. Republicans and Democrats, for example, differ dramatically over whether the nation has gotten more or less powerful as a global leader over the past decade, but majorities in both parties say the U.
And most Americans say that one of the hallmarks of U. It is tempting to believe that the pace of change in the U. As significant as the current moment of transition is, however, only the passage of time can reveal the trends that will truly have lasting importance. Michael Dimock is the president of Pew Research Center, where he leads a domestic and international research agenda to explain public attitudes, demographic changes and other trends over time. A political scientist by training, Dimock has been at the Center since and has co-authored several of its landmark research reports, including studies of trends in American political and social values and a groundbreaking examination of political polarization within the American public.
About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.
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Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Home U. Main More. Table of Contents Who we are. What we believe. What I ended up with was a mix of hilarious, honest, and insightful commentary. This was the first and most common answer that I received. The race to develop a usable personal computer was under way and by , Apple answered the call with the first Macintosh, which was accompanied by one of the strongest marketing campaigns in history.
In fact, it has been suggested that through leveraging PostScript, PageMaker, and the LaserWriter, Apple were effectively responsible for creating the desktop publishing industry as a whole. With the release of System 7, they brought color to the user interface and introduced new networking capabilities.
It would remain as the architectural basis for the Mac OS through As Apple continued to create a more design-centric product and OS, software companies followed suit and started producing design software exclusively for Macs. In fact, Adobe products were originally only available on the Mac. The Mac was developed for designers, the design software was developed for the Mac, and the designer was trained to design on the Mac.
From a design perspective, the Mac has classically been better at rendering fonts. But in the past, Microsoft and Apple took somewhat different approaches to how they chose to render fonts, and it made a pretty big impression on designers. The basic idea is that Windows renders for readability resulting in a sharper type style , while Mac OS renders for visual appearance resulting in style more similar to what you might see on a printed page.
The Mac was also the first computer with multiple typefaces built into the OS.
No Big Deal
In this respect, the designers that I spoke with felt that Apple has always seemed to respect the design community more than Microsoft. It included a drastically improved user interface and functionalities, which were developed through UX processes that Apple was putting into place before most companies even knew what UX was. In more recent years, designers have fallen in love with smaller features that conform really well to design workflows and assist them in accomplishing their tasks with ease. It was first previewed in , and more than 10 years later, it continues to be a core component of the Mac product.
Apple also maintains a really nice gesture and short-key suite, which is seamless across their different products, yielding an extremely intuitive and predictable experience. One of the smallest yet most impactful features that I came across, however, was the fact that. PSD files Photoshop Documents can be previewed in the file thumbnails. Beyond the software developed by Apple, it has also been noted that even third party apps seem to be more user friendly on the Mac.
Apps that are exclusive to the Mac, like Sketch, Skala Preview, and Affinity Designer, have all been cited as excellent examples of third party software with great UX. And in some cases, like that of Sketch, the Mac exclusive software is critical to the designers workflow. This allows for a truly seamless experience, where Apple controls what happens to the user from their first interaction to their last.
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Meticulous attention to detail in every way. That can still be seen in the Apple products of today.
Apple and Microsoft patrons alike were able to agree that it all really comes down to a matter of personal preference. Granted, there are some observable trends, like the fact that designers feel more at home on Macs while developers feel more at home on PCs. They just do.
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Plenty of critics have cited status, fashionability, and price point as driving factors behind the different platforms.