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Read e-book 20 Minutes for good Hardware Knowledge in Personal Computer Systems

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In fact marks the introduction of 64Bit CPUs to the mass market. So what is all the fuss about, you might ask? In case you ever worked with large databases or love to render 3D pictures you probably know that this kind of applications can never have enough memory and 2 GB virtual address space suddenly seems to be relatively tiny.

Normally Intel is the company who pushes new innovations forward, but in this case AMD was the one to introduce 64Bit to the consumer market. A lincence trade agreement allowed Intel to do this without paying royalties to AMD. Intel called it. Probably the biggest problem of the 64bit technology is the driver support. The 64bit operating systems require new 64bit drivers and as drivers for many operating systems, including the famous Windows, are closed source. Unless there is a generic driver old hardware may become redundant and it might take a while until a wide variety of 64bit drivers will be available.

In the Wintel world the upcoming Windows Vista will play an important part in the future of 64bit CPUs as it will be available in 64bit and will come with a many 64bit drivers. The 64bit technology turns out to be far less effective as the marketing departments want us to believe. Unless the applications you run use a ton of memory, and not a lot of them do, 64bit is more or less useless at the moment for the average user.

However chances are high that a 64bit CPU will be in the next PC you buy, and as it runs 32bit software without speed losses there is no harm done. The power consumption of Desktop CPUs is rising constantly. The heat that is produced is also a problem and the cooling systems needed to keep the CPUs from melting also drain a lot of power. Electric energy however is the one thing that is always short when it comes to mobile computing.

No one is willing to carry his Laptop or PDA around with a car battery. Therefore power saving is a major issue in mobile computing. Mobile CPUs can be divided into two classes.

Recent Advances in Microprocessor Design

Mobile variants usually work just like their Desktop siblings. These CPUs have been carefully selected by the manufacturers for low power consumption. One a single silicon wafer hundreds of CPU cores are created and some of those are able to reach high clock speeds at relatively low supply voltage. To reduce the requirement for power even further mobile CPUs also get taught a few tricks, however special motherboards like in Laptops are needed for this. Basically the CPU shuts down all non essential resources and consumes less power this way.

Nowadays this kind of CPUs also sleeps in between keystrokes of even the fastest writer. Special CPU architectures promise even more energy efficiency. The following architectures have been designed with the requirements for mobile computing in mind.

Parts Needed to Build a PC (Computer Parts List & Explanation) - CG Director

The designers of this architecture took a close look at the Pentium architecture and tweaked it for power saving as much as they could, without sacrificing too much performance in the process [4]. A Pentium-M clocked at 1. Here are some Revit Benchmarks made by Pugetsystems. Think about this example concerning dependencies: You are modeling a House in Revit and have your Scene nicely optimized in Hierarchical Categories. Now we will thicken the House Wall Extrusion a bit. We have 5 different Objects and would think that having a CPU with in this case 5 Cores would speed up the thickening of the House Wall Extrusion, because every core can work on one object , right?

It would, but unfortunately, because the Objects are dependent on each other as they are in a hierarchical chain, The CPU will have to step through the top-most Hierarchie first and then move on to the lower ones. There is no way the screw Booleans can already be calculated before the Edge Bevel has been finished processing and so on. Because of dependencies. A single CPU-Core will have to work through the entire hierarchy chain by itself.

And this is quite a simple example made for easy understanding. What usually goes on inside a CAD Software is much more complex.

Well-Maintained Devices Live Longer

So long story short: We need a high clocking CPU, that optimally has a nice Boost Clock on one or more cores, to be able to work as fast as possible with a responsive and snappy Viewport in CAD Applications. So if you absolutely need reliability and need immediate support for your systems, then you would have to go the Xeon Route for many of the top tier CAD Apps out there. They have different Drivers than their Mainstream counterparts that enable some features in various CAD apps and also offer 10Bit Color support for your Monitors.

That said, Solidworks does benefit vom Quadro cards very much. It seems this software has been well optimized to make use of the additional Features that Nvidia Quadros have to offer. Take a look at these recent Benchmarks here by Pugetsystems:. Now that we have the most controversial Parts of a CAD Computer out of the way lets move on to some standards:.

The amount of RAM needed depends very much on how complex your projects and models are and how many you have opened at the same time. Another factor of course always is how many different Applications you have opened at any given time. But it is ease of use that we are looking for, and closing down other Applications just so we can use our CAD Software is not what we have in mind. Yes, you can get away with 8GB, but it might get nasty very quickly, so better to be on the safe side! Assemblies and other Project Files can get quite big, especially on complex projects, and you will be happy to have enough space to keep the entire projects saved in multiple revisions as well as a fast drive to read and write the Data from and to the storage Device.

There is not much you can do wrong here. A nice Case that I keep coming back to is the be quiet! Silent Base orange , as it looks professional and has some noise dampening features that will make your best Computer for CAD quieter. Some reliable Brands to look out for are Corsair, beQuiet, and Seasonic that I have all been able to successfully use and test for quite some while now. It is wise to get a somewhat stronger than needed PSU in case you upgrade your Computer in the future either with added hardware components or with new components all-together. If you are responsible for CAD Computers at a large Company you might want to trade performance for reliability and support, but that, of course, is up to you.

This is a basic AMD build that you can build upon. The Case is professional looking, minimalistic and quiet. Some Build notes: This is a basic build that you can build upon. If you are planning on some more extreme overclocking, you might want to consider getting a different CPU cooling solution though. The price tag sure is hefty, but that is what you pay nowadays for reliability. It suggests parts that work well together and gets the maximum performance out of your budget. Assembling your Computer yourself has many benefits. It is much cheaper to buy the individual hardware Components and assemble them on your own.

With that knowledge, you might be able to troubleshoot any problems that might arise later on yourself, without having to bring your Computer back to a shop to have it fixed. You can upgrade yourself when newer and faster hardware is available and you learn a lot about how computers work, which is always great to know!

Start by taking a look at what parts you need for building your own Computer.

Introduction

So what about Laptops? We have been talking about Desktop Computers all this time but fortunately , everything we discussed above can also be applied to a Laptop. In Laptops, as the Hardware components are usually supposed to draw much less power the components will not reach the performance of Desktop Computer Parts.


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But that is to be expected from such a small enclosure. In a Laptop, you get the benefit of Mobility but trade it for performance. Check the current Price here. This can be misleading to many looking for a workstation Laptop. The reason Laptops are often-times advertised as Gaming-Laptops is because of the strong Graphics Card. It weighs just slightly over 2KG. The Lenovo ThinkPad P52 Hey Chan, The parts listed in the respective builds are fully compatible to each other.

But for starting out it will do the trick. Hi Alex, You post is awesome. Its very helpful. I am an Architect and mainly working on Revit and Enscape render software. Do you think the work-flow and computer performance would be similar or workstation still better than laptop even the configuration is same? Because I need travel to my own studio twice a week. So some mobility will be good, but not essential..

What does what in your computer? Computer parts Explained

I cant decide i should go for laptop or workstation….. Currently i am looking at:. Gigabyte Aero That said you will have to see what is important for you in an efficient work-place. Obviously you will need mouse, keyboard and a good screen or multiple monitors for efficient work. Desktop Hardware components will almost always outperform laptop components, as they are allowed to use more power with better cooling and therefore can boost higher, have more cores, have overall better performance. If you work on the road or during a commute, then mobility of course is something that is very important, and a desktop obviously wont be able to compete in that regard.

A Laptop can be just as good as a Desktop up until a certain point where the desktop pulls ahead as it has a much higher potential performance cap. The question is how complex is your work and how fast and efficiently do you have to work. Is a Laptop enough? Hi Alex, Thank you very much for your reply. That helps me a lot.

20 Essential Computer Maintenance Tips & Checklist for Longer Device Life

I decide go for the desktop. I think it might services my need at the moment. I have configured parts below, Can you give me some feedback about those specs? Onlything i am not sure is should go for GTX or GTXti… I am not doing serious render a lot, but i frequently to use enscape to do real-time render. Hey Lance, Nice choice of parts! The RTX is almost twice as fast as the Ti in GPU Rendering workloads, but if you only do renders every once in a while, might be worth saving the bucks.

Hey Zachary, That should work, yes! Hey Sean, Thank you for your comment! I have to admit, I had to look up CAM first because I have not yet been able to work in that sort of field. What kind of software would you say is the most popular in that field?