When these two components consciousness and karma interact, we experience the life we know at present. Jain texts expound that seven tattvas truths or fundamentals constitute reality. These are: . This emphasis on reaping the fruits only of one's own karma was not restricted to the Jainas; both Hindus and Buddhist writers have produced doctrinal materials stressing the same point.
Each of the latter traditions, however, developed practices in basic contradiction to such belief. In addition to shrardha the ritual Hindu offerings by the son of deceased , we find among Hindus widespread adherence to the notion of divine intervention in ones fate, while Buddhists eventually came to propound such theories like boon-granting bodhisattvas, transfer of merit and like.
Basic Buddhism: The Theory of Karma
Only Jainas have been absolutely unwilling to allow such ideas to penetrate their community, despite the fact that there must have been tremendous amount of social pressure on them to do so. In Sikhism , all living beings are described as being under the influence of maya 's three qualities. Always present together in varying mix and degrees, these three qualities of maya bind the soul to the body and to the earth plane.
Above these three qualities is the eternal time. Due to the influence of three modes of Maya's nature, jivas individual beings perform activities under the control and purview of the eternal time. These activities are called "karma". The underlying principle is that karma is the law that brings back the results of actions to the person performing them.
This life is likened to a field in which our karma is the seed. We harvest exactly what we sow; no less, no more. This infallible law of karma holds everyone responsible for what the person is or is going to be. Based on the total sum of past karma, some feel close to the Pure Being in this life and others feel separated. Like other Indian and oriental schools of thought, the Gurbani also accepts the doctrines of karma and reincarnation as the facts of nature. Interpreted as Musubi , a view of karma is recognized in Shintoism as a means of enriching, empowering and life affirming.
Karma is an important concept in Taoism. Every deed is tracked by deities and spirits. Appropriate rewards or retribution follow karma, just like a shadow follows a person. The karma doctrine of Taoism developed in three stages. In the second phase, transferability of karma ideas from Chinese Buddhism were expanded, and a transfer or inheritance of Karmic fate from ancestors to one's current life was introduced.
In the third stage of karma doctrine development, ideas of rebirth based on karma were added. One could be reborn either as another human being or another animal, according to this belief. In the third stage, additional ideas were introduced; for example, rituals, repentance and offerings at Taoist temples were encouraged as it could alleviate Karmic burden. David Ownby, a scholar of Chinese history at the University of Montreal  , asserts that Falun Gong differs from Buddhism in its definition of the term "karma" in that it is taken not as a process of award and punishment, but as an exclusively negative term.
The Chinese term " de " or "virtue" is reserved for what might otherwise be termed "good karma" in Buddhism.
Karma is understood as the source of all suffering - what Buddhism might refer to as "bad karma". Li says, "A person has done bad things over his many lifetimes, and for people this results in misfortune, or for cultivators it's karmic obstacles, so there's birth, aging, sickness, and death. This is ordinary karma. Falun Gong teaches that the spirit is locked in the cycle of rebirth, also known as samsara  due to the accumulation of karma. Falun Gong states that karma is the reason for suffering, and what ultimately blocks people from the truth of the universe and attaining enlightenment.
At the same time, karma is also the cause of one's continued rebirth and suffering. Ownby regards the concept of karma as a cornerstone to individual moral behaviour in Falun Gong, and also readily traceable to the Christian doctrine of "one reaps what one sows". Others say Matthew means no unbeliever will not fully reap what they sow until they are Judged by God after death in Hell.
Ownby says Falun Gong is differentiated by a "system of transmigration", though, "in which each organism is the reincarnation of a previous life form, its current form having been determined by karmic calculation of the moral qualities of the previous lives lived. Li says that "Human beings all fell here from the many dimensions of the universe. They no longer met the requirements of the Fa at their given levels in the universe, and thus had to drop down. Just as we have said before, the heavier one's mortal attachments, the further down one drops, with the descent continuing until one arrives at the state of ordinary human beings.
Those who fail to return will have no choice but to reincarnate , with this continuing until they amass a huge amount of karma and are destroyed. Ownby regards this as the basis for Falun Gong's apparent "opposition to practitioners' taking medicine when ill; they are missing an opportunity to work off karma by allowing an illness to run its course suffering depletes karma or to fight the illness through cultivation. Since Li believes that "karma is the primary factor that causes sickness in people", Penny asks: "if disease comes from karma and karma can be eradicated through cultivation of xinxing , then what good will medicine do?
Li also states that "An everyday person needs to take medicine when he gets sick. One of the significant controversies with the karma doctrine is whether it always implies destiny, and its implications on free will. This controversy is also referred to as the moral agency problem;  the controversy is not unique to karma doctrine, but also found in some form in monotheistic religions. The free will controversy can be outlined in three parts:  1 A person who kills, rapes or commits any other unjust act, can claim all his bad actions were a product of his karma: he is devoid of free will, he can not make a choice, he is an agent of karma, and he merely delivers necessary punishments his "wicked" victims deserved for their own karma in past lives.
Are crimes and unjust actions due to free will, or because of forces of karma? Or, should one blame oneself for bad karma over past lives, and assume that the unjust suffering is fate? The explanations and replies to the above free will problem vary by the specific school of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The schools of Hinduism, such as Yoga and Advaita Vedanta, that have emphasized current life over the dynamics of karma residue moving across past lives, allow free will. Not only is one affected by past karma, one creates new karma whenever one acts with intent - good or bad.
If intent and act can be proven beyond reasonable doubt, new karma can be proven, and the process of justice can proceed against this new karma. The actor who kills, rapes or commits any other unjust act, must be considered as the moral agent for this new karma, and tried. Another issue with the theory of karma is that it is psychologically indeterminate, suggests Obeyesekere. If something goes wrong — such as sickness or failure at work — the individual is unclear if karma from past lives was the cause, or the sickness was caused by curable infection and the failure was caused by something correctable.
This psychological indeterminacy problem is also not unique to the theory of karma; it is found in every religion adopting the premise that God has a plan, or in some way influences human events. As with the karma-and-free-will problem above, schools that insist on primacy of rebirths face the most controversy.
Their answers to the psychological indeterminacy issue are the same as those for addressing the free will problem. Some schools of Asian religions, particularly Popular Theravada Buddhism, allow transfer of karma merit and demerit from one person to another. This transfer is an exchange of non-physical quality just like an exchange of physical goods between two human beings. The practice of karma transfer, or even its possibility, is controversial.
It defeats the ethical foundations, and dissociates the causality and ethicization in the theory of karma from the moral agent. Proponents of some Buddhist schools suggest that the concept of karma merit transfer encourages religious giving, and such transfers are not a mechanism to transfer bad karma i.
In Hinduism, Sraddha rites during funerals have been labelled as karma merit transfer ceremonies by a few scholars, a claim disputed by others. There has been an ongoing debate about karma theory and how it answers the problem of evil and related problem of theodicy. The problem of evil is a significant question debated in monotheistic religions with two beliefs:  1 There is one God who is absolutely good and compassionate omnibenevolent , and 2 That one God knows absolutely everything omniscient and is all powerful omnipotent.
The problem of evil is then stated in formulations such as, "why does the omnibenevolent, omniscient and omnipotent God allow any evil and suffering to exist in the world? Other scholars  suggest that nontheistic Indian religious traditions do not assume an omnibenevolent creator, and some  theistic schools do not define or characterize their God s as monotheistic Western religions do and the deities have colorful, complex personalities; the Indian deities are personal and cosmic facilitators, and in some schools conceptualized like Plato's Demiurge.
Some theistic Indian religions, such as Sikhism, suggest evil and suffering are a human phenomenon and arises from the karma of individuals. Those schools of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism that rely on karma-rebirth theory have been critiqued for their theological explanation of suffering in children by birth, as the result of his or her sins in a past life. Western culture , influenced by Christianity,  holds a notion similar to karma, as demonstrated in the phrase " what goes around comes around ". Mary Jo Meadow suggests karma is akin to "Christian notions of sin and its effects.
There is a concept in Judaism called in Hebrew midah k'neged midah , which literally translates to "value against value," but carries the same connotation as the English phrase "measure for measure. David Wolpe compared midah k'neged midah to karma. Jung once opined on unresolved emotions and the synchronicity of karma;. When an inner situation is not made conscious, it appears outside as fate. Popular methods for negating cognitive dissonance include meditation , metacognition , counselling , psychoanalysis , etc. This results in better emotional hygiene and reduced karmic impacts.
Such peak experiences are hypothetically devoid of any karma nirvana or moksha. The idea of karma was popularized in the Western world through the work of the Theosophical Society. In this conception, karma was a precursor to the Neopagan law of return or Threefold Law, the idea that the beneficial or harmful effects one has on the world will return to oneself.
Colloquially this may be summed up as 'what goes around comes around. The Theosophist I. Taimni wrote, "Karma is nothing but the Law of Cause and Effect operating in the realm of human life and bringing about adjustments between an individual and other individuals whom he has affected by his thoughts, emotions and actions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Indian religious concept. For other uses, see Karma disambiguation. Karma symbols such as endless knot above are common cultural motifs in Asia. Endless knots symbolize interlinking of cause and effect, a Karmic cycle that continues eternally.
The endless knot is visible in the center of the prayer wheel. Main article: Karma in Hinduism. Main article: Karma in Buddhism. Main article: Karma in Jainism. This article or section possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Further information: Poetic justice and Mills of God. Spirituality portal. For example, Peter Harvey translates the quote as follows: "It is will cetana , O monks, that I call karma; having willed, one acts through body, speech, and mind.
See a Problem?
The problem is aggravated when the trace remains latent over a long period, perhaps over a period of many existences. The crucial problem presented to all schools of Buddhist philosophy was where the trace is stored and how it can remain in the ever-changing stream of phenomena which build up the individual and what the nature of this trace is.
The results of kamma "kamma" is the Pali spelling for the word "karma" experienced at any one point in time come not only from past kamma, but also from present kamma. This means that, although there are general patterns relating habitual acts to corresponding results [MN ], there is no set one-for-one, tit-for-tat, relationship between a particular action and its results.
Instead, the results are determined by the context of the act, both in terms of actions that preceded or followed it [MN ] and in terms one's state of mind at the time of acting or experiencing the result [AN ]. This explains why the Buddha says in AN that the results of kamma are imponderable. Only a person who has developed the mental range of a Buddha—another imponderable itself—would be able to trace the intricacies of the kammic network.
The basic premise of kamma is simple—that skillful intentions lead to favorable results, and unskillful ones to unfavorable results—but the process by which those results work themselves out is so intricate that it cannot be fully mapped. We can compare this with the Mandelbrot set , a mathematical set generated by a simple equation, but whose graph is so complex that it will probably never be completely explored.
We do not believe in a creator but in the causes and conditions that create certain circumstances that then come to fruition. This is called karma. It has nothing to do with judgement; there is no one keeping track of our karma and sending us up above or down below. Karma is simply the wholeness of a cause, or first action, and its effect, or fruition, which then becomes another cause. In fact, one karmic cause can have many fruitions, all of which can cause thousands more creations. Just as a handful of seed can ripen into a full field of grain, a small amount of karma can generate limitless effects.
The Manual of Life — Karma. Parvesh singla. Retrieved 4 June It also lists various types of habits - such as good sattva , passion rajas and indifferent tamas - while explaining karma.
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South Asian Studies. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. Yes, the shift into a higher paradigm of greater harmony, connection and at-one-ment with all life, is coming to the Earth, but not before this essential Great Purification - as the Hopi term it - whereupon the old construct is peeled away. It will be a fundamental, "earth shattering", aspect of the Shift. Let's first embrace it, then we can mediate the effects. Crucially, we must confront and prepare ourselves mentally and emotionally for what is set to come. Ego-mind works to hold the status quo, and tends to struggle with dramatic change.
For example, it's clear the Twin Towers and Building 7 were toppled by controlled demolition - the evidence is in plain view. But the mind struggles to grasp the enormity of what that would mean, and so the majority continue life as 'normal'. We cannot afford to sleepwalk into what is set to come. We must come together in groups, and explore with each other, the magnitude of what is already beginning to take place.
We must hold the space for emotions to be expressed and "equalised" with what is transpiring. It's like sitting on a surf board waiting for the surge to arrive, but suddenly you find yourself standing on the wave. To ride it successfully, you must become totally as one with the strength of flow and all its nuances. Then you can ride it successfully and thrive with expression of self. Let's be clear, all life changes and moves on; in a Universe of constant change, change is the only constant.
The challenge in society is that it continues to live today as if things will be just as they were yesterday - that's the dangerous sleep-walking-syndrome that as many of us as possible must work to avoid. In conclusion, it is essential that we embrace the seriousness of the situation that is now beginning to unfold. And at the same time, confront any fear that might arise by working into it. Thus we find acceptance, surrender and lightness of heart. Change is going to happen. Let's accept that and embrace it in our hearts as a golden opportunity - spiritual mastery and the greatest sense of divine interconnection is presenting itself, because the veils are becoming increasingly thin.
Now is the time, to look into the external mirror, and see the limited physical being that you are not! Let the veils of limitation fall from your eyes and from your being. Here is the golden opportunity to step out and become all that you can be. Your purpose and destiny for being here, is set to come fully into view.
Honour, own and embrace it. Step courageously and fearlessly forwards into your divine role. And this wave you're about to step onto, will become the ride of your existence! Discover More. About Openhand Openhand is a unique approach to spiritual evolution: integrating enlightened wisdom of spiritual masters through the ages, it is a way of tapping into the Benevolent Guiding Consciousness of the Universe and aligning with it in your life. It helps you unveil your True Self, remove karmic blockages and unfold your Divine Destiny.
- Browses Introduction to the Investigation and Management of Surgical Disease.
- Basic Buddhism: The Theory of Karma.
- Karma in Buddhism - Wikipedia.
It leads to authentic, resilient and truly successful living. Join us Openhandweb , Openhand fb , Openhand TV. I felt strongly to put this article out today, and was given to do so in conjunction with Gaia and all those in the realms working toward the shift. I know that very recently my own Ascension back into the Higher Paradigm has begun.
And then my own shift to 18 hour a day intermittent fasting triggered an expansion of consciousness, which was reflected strongly into the outer world through synchronicity. I incarnated 16 years ago in , drawn from the higher dimensions to help illuminate these crucial transformations that are taking place on the Earth. I have no idea how long it will take for Gaia to complete the shift into 5D, but I know my journey is closely connected to that timeline more an event line.
I would say it's unlikely we have longer that a few decades, so it's essential that the journey of soul integration and evolution becomes our daily focus. I find it really interesting that the explosive sound happened as he said "ash cloud" Also poignant that he said people aren't going to go until Mother Nature forces them too. In my sphere, I have also had the mirror of a huge glass bottle plant catching on fire and destroying half of the structure and it's contents.
Thanks for sharing! PS for some reason it originally picked up an old post I entitled "reflections - Erica" - how are things in Alaska Erica?? This article just helped me connect some meaningful dots Few months ago I felt a longing to go back to Hawaii. I used to vacation there quite a bit and the islands feel like home. I approached her and opened the book on one of the chapters.
It was about islands hopping in Hawaii. He lives just few kilometres from the recent explosions, on the opposite side from the lava flow the lava flows away from his house. Also, right from the beginning, I couldn't help but think of the recent eruptions as adjustments and realignments of the tectonic plates. All this felt like cranium plates finding a better position to benefit the energy flow in the whole body. BTW, this is what I do, biodynamic craniosacral a gentle touch therapy that facilitates body's intrinsic realignment, no force applied Also, for the last few weeks when I meditate, my energy wants to expand and become aware of the whole planet.
I'm not sure if I can hold a whole planet like that. I'm feeling some fear of experiencing the pain of what is going on around the world. It sometimes makes me want to cry, all this keeping myself smaller than I am. It is so confining Aside from that, when in meditation I'm seeing 3D sacred geometry figures and some golden symbols that look like digits, but are not understandable to my mind. Yesterday I went hiking and my attention was drawn to different rocks near a river. I saw one very different than the slate and granite surrounding it. It had a rusty orange elements in it I picked it up and immediately knew it was a message.
The darker pattern in the middle also reminds me of a mouth. I wonder what it will lead to I better pay attention. I'm flying out in just few weeks. I shared all that felt relevant. If you guys picked on anything in my post, please share. My life feels like a movie, like being in a Matrix that consists of symbols and meanings. PS I also have a sense that the "full picture" is ever-changing and as long as I'm aware in a moment I'll know how to be with what is.
This makes the fear subside a bit and almost all is as it should be and I'm curious again. After all isn't it all about self realization anyways? Thanks for sharing your Hawaii adventure Margaret,. With all this quickening, still not forgeting to relax, trust, surrender and enjoy the ride the tough one too , because otherwise there might be too much tightness that will create friction rather than lubrication.
To me, when things get tougher, these are more of use than pushing it forwards.
Karma in Buddhism
Slower is somehow always quicker and there is muuuch more time in a minute than a rushing mind is used to think. All means can serve, if worked with in a right way and under higher guidance. To not forget to move out of the way and let the universe do its thing through us and do our thing to serve the universe. Because if we're too worried about our own "skin" and acting out of that, we might miss the idea that being ready, willing and open to perish can open doors that are closed otherwise. While it is vital to stay alive to serve, it is rather inhibiting and possibly detrimental to fight for survival only for the sake of survival itself.
In my personal work, I am invited to make sure I don't own "it" and don't take credit for "it", whatever it is, as well as not being overtly dramatic or "action"-driven. It all comes from something bigger than me. So all the heroism kinda fades away and I find myself back in simplicity, openness and humility. I guess for me "loud words" are over. I'd rather bow, in all ways and senses. So to me this one is something to remember at every moment, to give in and make myself always smaller than the big thing.
None of it is mine. Whatever the process is, grounding is always important, and now I feel it becomes super-important. All kinds of energies flus in and will flux in more when the field will go into turmoil. So there is a gym opening now, a gym of critical grounding, clearing energies and placing nice defences no fear , more than before.
Everybody is invited hhh. More love than ever. Love for benevolent, for malevolent, for life, for death, for people, for evolved, for not evolved, for construction and destruction, for everything and everywhere. As if it all intermixes and asks to go back to the oneness at least in my own heart. Whatever else I still didn't make peace with in my heart, whatever else I can't justify and feel love for and can't connect to the source, is calling to do so. LOVE combined with openness and humility, to me, is the only thing that ever did the trick.
No clinging, bending and betraying the soul, especially not out of fear or any need this trap opens wide open. This kind of process happened a lot already and it is happening again, so We're cooperating with and celebrating what is including the dark and sad stuff we cry and feel sorrow about. It is vital to not become another form of intervention, even if it seems benevolent and helpful tricky piece of karma, old cosmic karma that is. What I use is the law of response to never interfere unless I am directly asked to and the action flows through without needing to intentionally force or think about it.
In other words, good intentions suck. Not knowing and being ready to not interfere, save, reach out, all that stuff It is a lesson of not letting compassion drive us too much or swallow our consciousness, and not get lost in our seeming roles and purposes. Residing at rest within to me is the ultimate state of being before action. But that means containing a lot of tension and energies and working through them until something comes out of silence, contentment, peace and love.
Intervention, in whatever form, means not being in peace with what is happening. We see and can feel it all and still not interfere and let the job be done through us. It is an old lesson of non-identification while fully feeling and acting. Remembering that all the work is done within rather than without.
If I see darkness to "clean", clear, change, etc out there - I see my own darkness to work with within, period. It will not be solved by fighting windmills out there that were created to reflect where I fail to see the purity of the origin so it can melt back into oneness in love. Time to get real. And, anyway, this is the only thing that really unites the polarities back into one and lifts and clears the field, clearing my own blindness and bullshit which is.
Being sure of not being sure. Yes, a 'tricky piece of karma'. And there's an inverse mirror to that - "not doing anything at all". I see reality kind of like a cake - you need a good raising agent a catalyst and a good binding one an empath. Without either, there's no cake. It helped me to remember the chemistry: a catalyst does not change the course of a reaction, nor the outcome, it only speeds things up.
So fully aligned action, together with self-reflection to become increasingly aligned, will steer past intervention. Maybe you're not appreciating that possibility behind the lens that you're personally looking through. Thank you for the inverse mirror. Finding the middle line is always a bit of alignment within the deviations. About humanity, empathy and compassion can be there.