The symptoms of ADHD, inability to pay attention, difficulty sitting still, difficulty controlling impulses, can make it particularly hard for children with ADHD to do well in school. It is important for teachers to have the needed skills to help children manage their ADHD.
However, since the majority of children with ADHD are not enrolled in special education classes, their teachers will most likely be regular education teachers who might know very little about ADHD and could benefit from assistance and guidance. The U. Learn more about education services and accommodations. Learn more about how to help a child with attention and learning issues. Healthcare providers can play an important part in collaborating with schools to help the child get the special services they need. Read more about the role of healthcare providers in assisting children with special needs.
Treatments for adults can include medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.
Parents typically attend sessions with a therapist and learn strategies to help their child. Sessions may involve groups or individual families. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter Email Syndicate. Treatment of ADHD. Minus Related Pages.
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Sleep apnea is another sleep disorder linked to insomnia. With sleep apnea, a person's airway becomes partially or completely obstructed during sleep, leading to pauses in breathing and a drop in oxygen levels. This causes a person to wake up briefly but repeatedly throughout the night. People with sleep apnea sometimes report experiencing insomnia. If you have trouble sleeping on a regular basis, it's a good idea to review your health and think about whether any underlying medical issues or sleep disorders could be contributing to your sleep problems.
In some cases, there are simple steps that can be taken to improve sleep such as avoiding bright lighting while winding down and trying to limit possible distractions, such as a TV, computer, or pets. While in other cases, it's important to talk to your doctor to figure out a course of action. You should not simply accept poor sleep as a way of life—talk to your doctor or a sleep specialist for help. Insomnia can be caused by psychiatric conditions such as depression. Psychological struggles can make it hard to sleep, insomnia itself can bring on changes in mood, and shifts in hormones and physiology can lead to both psychiatric issues and insomnia at the same time.
Sleep problems may represent a symptom of depression, and the risk of severe insomnia is much higher in patients with major depressive disorders. Studies show that insomnia can also trigger or worsen depression. It's important to know that symptoms of depression such as low energy, loss of interest or motivation, feelings of sadness or hopelessness and insomnia can be linked, and one can make the other worse.
The good news is that both are treatable regardless of which came first. Most adults have had some trouble sleeping because they feel worried or nervous, but for some it's a pattern that interferes with sleep on a regular basis. Anxiety symptoms that can lead to insomnia include:.
It's not hard to see why these symptoms of general anxiety can make it difficult to sleep. Anxiety may be associated with onset insomnia trouble falling asleep , or maintenance insomnia waking up during the night and not being able to return to sleep. In either case, the quiet and inactivity of night often brings on stressful thoughts or even fears that keep a person awake. When this happens for many nights or many months , you might start to feel anxiousness, dread, or panic at just the prospect of not sleeping.
This is how anxiety and insomnia can feed each other and become a cycle that should be interrupted through treatment.
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There are cognitive and mind-body techniques that help people with anxiety settle into sleep, and overall healthy sleep practices that can improve sleep for many people with anxiety and insomnia. Insomnia can be triggered or perpetuated by your behaviors and sleep patterns.
Unhealthy lifestyles and sleep habits can create insomnia on their own without any underlying psychiatric or medical problem , or they can make insomnia caused by another problem worse. Some cases of insomnia start out with an acute episode but turn into a longer-term problem. For example, let's say a person can't sleep for a night or two after receiving bad news. In this case, if the person starts to adopt unhealthy sleep habits such as getting up in the middle of the night to work, or drinking alcohol before bed to compensate, the insomnia can continue and potentially turn into a more serious problem.
Instead of passing, it can become chronic. Once this happens, worry and thoughts such as, "I'll never sleep," become associated with bedtime, and every time the person can't sleep, it reinforces the pattern. This is why it's important to address insomnia instead of letting it become the norm. If lifestyle and unhealthy sleep habits are the cause of insomnia, there are cognitive behavioral techniques and sleep hygiene tips that can help. If you have tried to change your sleep behaviors and it hasn't worked, it's important to take this seriously and talk to your doctor.
Certain substances and activities, including eating patterns, can contribute to insomnia. If you can't sleep, review the following lifestyle factors to see if one or more could be affecting you:. Alcohol is a sedative. It can make you fall asleep initially, but may disrupt your sleep later in the night. Caffeine is a stimulant. Most people understand the alerting power of caffeine and use it in the morning to help them start the day and feel productive. Caffeine in moderation is fine for most people, but excessive caffeine can cause insomnia. Caffeine can stay in your system for as long as eight hours, so the effects are long lasting.
If you have insomnia, do not consume food or drinks with caffeine too close to bedtime. Nicotine is also a stimulant and can cause insomnia. Smoking cigarettes or tobacco products close to bedtime can make it hard to fall asleep and to sleep well through the night. Smoking is damaging to your health. If you smoke, you should stop. Heavy meals close to bedtime can disrupt your sleep. The best practice is to eat lightly before bedtime.
When you eat too much in the evening, it can cause discomfort and make it hard for your body to settle and relax. Spicy foods can also cause heartburn and interfere with your sleep.