A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River , the area represents a habitat for biodiversity conservation , the site also contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa giving credence to the talk that the Philippines was the Biblical Ophir  and the country also has one of the largest copper deposits in the world.
Despite this, poor management, high population density, a desire to protect indigenous communities from exploitation, and an extremely ardent environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. The Philippines' rainforests and its extensive coastlines make it home to a diverse range of birds, plants, animals, and sea creatures. Because of this, the rate of endemism for the Philippines has risen and likely will continue to rise.
Although the Philippines lacks large mammalian predators, it does have some very large reptiles such as pythons and cobras , together with gigantic saltwater crocodiles. The largest crocodile in captivity, known locally as Lolong , was captured in the southern island of Mindanao. Philippine waters also sustain the cultivation of pearls, crabs, and seaweeds. With an estimated 13, plant species in the country, 3, of which are unique to the islands,  Philippine rainforests boast an array of flora, including many rare types of orchids and rafflesia. The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid.
There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw , the hot dry season or summer from March to May; tag-ulan , the rainy season from June to November; and tag-lamig , the cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon from May to October is known as the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon from November to April , the Amihan. The coolest month is January; the warmest is May. The average yearly temperature is around Whether in the extreme north, south, east, or west of the country, temperatures at sea level tend to be in the same range.
Demographics of the Philippines
Altitude usually has more of an impact. Sitting astride the typhoon belt , most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October,  with around nineteen typhoons entering the Philippine area of responsibility in a typical year and eight or nine making landfall.
However, the government has lately been trying to manage and reduce disaster risks through innovative legislation. A newly industrialized country , the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based upon agriculture to an economy with more emphasis upon services and manufacturing. Of the country's total labor force of around The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility.
Only in the s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover. The Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. The extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors.
This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund IMF , in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.
In , the economy experienced 6. The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinos , which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Remittances peaked in at Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country.
Meanwhile, business process outsourcing is an inherently profiteering industry due to foreign companies cutting down on costs by relocating essential operations outside their home countries and often avoiding the higher tax and wage costs of employing people in the their native lands while at the same time, extracting higher quality products for lower wages in the places where companies have set up Business Process Outsourcing BPO offices.
The industry is composed of eight sub-sectors, namely, knowledge process outsourcing and back offices, animation, call centers , software development, game development, engineering design, and medical transcription. Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the " Next Eleven " economies   but China and India have emerged as major economic competitors. Transportation infrastructure in the Philippines is relatively underdeveloped. This is partly due to mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but also the result of consistently low investment in infrastructure by successive governments.
Buses, jeepneys , taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major cities and towns. In , there were about 5. The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages airports and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel   with 85 public airports operational as of [update]. Philippine Airlines , Asia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacific , the leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations.
Rail transport in the Philippines only plays a role in transporting passengers within Metro Manila , the province of Laguna , and some parts of the Bicol Region. Freight transport was almost non-existent. As of [update] , the country had a railway footprint of only 79 kilometers, which it had plans to expand up to kilometers. In the past, railways served major parts of Luzon, and railroad services were available on the islands of Cebu and Negros. Railways were also used for agricultural purposes, especially in tobacco and sugar cane production.
As an archipelago, inter-island travel using watercraft is often necessary. Although highly diverse, they are collectively known as bangka also baroto , baloto , or paraw ; archaic: balangay , sakayan , biray , biroko , etc. Bangka were originally propelled by sails. Since the s, however, the sails have almost completely been replaced by motor engines. These motorized bangka are usually referred to as " pump boats " in Philippine English.
Other traditional Filipino boat types have mostly gone extinct or are in danger of disappearing, like the once abundant casco barges and guilalo cargo ships. But the bangka remain the most ubiquitous type of watercraft in the Philippines, even in modern times, due to their stability, speed, and ability to navigate even shallow coral reefs. The Philippines has pursued efforts to improve the field of science and technology. The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science- and technology-related projects in the Philippines.
Notable Filipino scientists include Maria Orosa , a food technologist famous for her formulated food products like calamansi nip, soyalac and the banana ketchup ,  and Ramon Barba , a horticulturist known for his method to induce more flowers in mango trees. For example, inventor Magdalena Villaruz's agricultural invention, the turtle power tiller, won her the WIPO Inventor of the Year award and its use became widespread across the Philippines, Southeast Asia and Africa.
In the field of medicine, notable figures include Fe del Mundo , a pediatrician whose pioneering work in pediatrics as an active medical practice spanned 8 decades,  and Paulo Campos , a physician who was dubbed as " The Father of Nuclear Medicine in the Philippines " for his contributions in the field of nuclear medicine. The Philippines bought its first satellite in The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users. Text messaging is a popular form of communication and, in , the nation sent an average of one billion SMS messages per day.
Over five million mobile phone users also use their phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks. It is also the largest company in the country. The National Telecommunications Commission is the agency responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services throughout the country.
History of Philippines
The travel and tourism sector is a major contributor to the economy , contributing 7. South Korea, China, and Japan accounted for The country's rich biodiversity is one of the main tourist attractions with its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots among the most popular tourist destinations.
As an archipelago consisting of about 7, islands, the Philippines has numerous beaches, caves and other rock formations. The Philippines is also one of the favorite retirement destinations for foreigners due to its warm climate all year round, beaches and low cost of living. The challenges include limited access to sanitation services, high pollution of water resources, often poor drinking water quality and poor service quality, a fragmentation of executive functions at the national level among numerous agencies, and a fragmentation of service provision at the local level into many small service providers.
It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. The 3. Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws in , the number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry has grown substantially. According to the official count the population of the Philippines hit million at the time of midnight on July 27, , making it the 12th country to reach this number.
The Philippine population will continue to increase throughout and is projected to reach around ,, by December 31, , based on projections made by the Commission on Population using the latest population census of Philippine Statistics Authority. Metro Manila is the most populous of the 3 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines and the 8th most populous in the world in According to the census, Filipinos generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people.
However, the aboriginal people of the Philippines along with Papuans , Melanesians and Australian Aboriginals also hold sizable shared Denisovan admixture in their genomes. The Chinese are mostly the descendants of immigrants from Fujian in China after , numbering around 2 million, although there are an estimated 27 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry,    stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants.
Mexican descendants in the Philippines numbered 1. Thus translating to about 1,, Filipinos having significant Indian descent through the paternal line. These Indian-Filipinos were either descended from precolonial Indian adventurers who established Hindu kingdoms in the vicinity: the Rajahnates of Cebu and Butuan as well as Kutai in Borneo,  they may also come from colonial era Sepoy mercenaries  and modern traders.
The Philippines was a former American colony and during the American colonial era, there were over , Americans who were born in the Philippines. Other important non-indigenous minorities include Arabs who established precolonial Muslim sultanates such as Lanao, Maguindanao, Sulu and Brunei. There are also Japanese people , mostly escaped Christians Kirishitan who fled the persecutions of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu which the Spanish empire in the Philippines had offered asylum from.
The descendants of mixed-race couples are known as Tisoys. Ethnologue lists individual languages in the Philippines, of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers. Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages , which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family. Filipino and English are the official languages of the country. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business.
Due to the Philippines' history of complex interactions with many cultures all across the span of the whole world, as well as local influences, the Filipino language has the richest repertoire of incorporated foreign vocabulary used in everyday speech among the world's many dialects because Filipino has been enriched by languages as diverse as English, Latin, Greek, Spanish,  Hebrew, Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit,  Tamil, Malay,  Chinese,   Japanese,  and Nahuatl.
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The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on a voluntary and optional basis,  although neither are used on as wide a scale as in the past. Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use, although Spanish loanwords are still present today in many of the indigenous Philippine languages,  while Arabic is mainly used in Islamic schools in Mindanao.
Languages not indigenous to the islands are also taught in select schools. Mandarin is used in Chinese schools catering to the Chinese Filipino community.
History of Philippines | vobylusesuje.tk
Islamic schools in Mindanao teach Modern Standard Arabic in their curriculum. The Philippines is an officially secular state , although Christianity is the dominant faith. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights. Census data from found that about Protestants were Islam is the second largest religion.
The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 5. Some Muslim scholars argue that the census taken in significantly undercounted the number of Muslims because of security concerns and hostility of the inhabitants to government personnel in Muslim-majority areas, leading to difficulty in getting accurate data for the Muslim population in the country. The percentage of non-religious people in the Philippines is unknown because there are no official statistics.
The remaining population is divided between a number of religious groups, including Hindus , Jews , and Baha'is. There are an increasing number of private health providers and, as of [update] , In , total expenditures on the health sector was 3. There are an estimated 90, physicians or 1 per every people, , nurses, 43, dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every people. Seventy percent of nursing graduates go overseas to work.
The Philippines is the biggest supplier of nurses for export. According to official estimates, 1, cases of human immunodeficiency virus HIV were reported in , of which had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS. The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of The Philippines had a functional literacy rate of The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March.
There are a number of foreign schools with study programs.
Several government agencies are involved with education. The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and non-formal education. The Commission on Higher Education CHED supervises college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulates standards in higher education. In , madaris were mainstreamed in 16 regions nationwide, mainly in Muslim areas in Mindanao under the auspices and program of the Department of Education. Philippine culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures.
The Philippines exhibits aspects found in other Asian countries with a Malay  heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas district festivals to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing.
The Ati-Atihan , Moriones and Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known. Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization.
Population of the Philippines (12222 and historical)
The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines. They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature clashing bamboo poles. One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos; a Spanish name and surname, however, does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry.
The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee , the leading fast food chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals.
Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor , but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II. The American occupation in introduced a new breed of architectural structures in the Philippines. This led to the construction of government buildings and Art Deco theaters.
During the American period, some semblance of city planning using the architectural designs and master plans by Daniel Burnham was done on the portions of the city of Manila. Part of the Burnham plan was the construction of government buildings that resembled Greek or Neoclassical architecture. Commercial buildings, houses and churches in that era are abundant in the city and especially in Calle Real. However, certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of architecture assimilated differently due to the climate.
Limestones and coral were used as building materials. Philippine music has evolved rapidly due to the different influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature. This genre is often accompanied by gong music and one well known instrument is the Kulintang. During the Spanish era Rondalya music, where traditional string orchestra mandolin type instruments were used, was widespread. In the Philippines, Rondalya refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using a plectrum or pick.
Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood; plectrums, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell. Harana and Kundiman are prevalent during this time wherein these songs are often used in courtship rituals. Nowadays, American pop culture has a heavy hold on the Filipinos that evolved from the Spanish times when the American occupation happened. Along with Korean pop, these two are dominating the recent music scene in media. Just like the evolution of Philippine music, dance as well has been in constant change.
Prior to colonial rule, the Philippines had a wide array of ethnic dances from different tribal groups. This was due mainly to the fact that Philippines is an archipelago thus the different varieties of dance developed. Both Luzon and Visayas, at first, were more akin to tribal movements until the Spanish came. Mindanao represents more of an array of Muslim inspired dances and Spanish influence was limited to the region of Zamboanga. Universal dances in the Philippines are found at societal functions such as rituals, mimicry, life cycle and parties.
During the Spanish era, most dances were accompanied by Rondalya music usually with string bandurrias that the Filipinos invented or by other type of stringed instruments that locally evolved in to the culture as well. One famous dance that is well known is called the Tinikling , where a band of Rondalya musicians play along with the percussive beat of the two bamboo poles.
It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about "How rural townsfolk mingle". The dancers then graze thru the clashing of the bamboo poles held on opposite sides. The end displays the paired bamboo poles crossing each other.
The Muslim version of this where bamboo poles are also used is called the Singkil. It is a courtship dance which involves a woman holding a fan or a handkerchief, where it plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in romance scenario. Nowadays, in the Modern and Post-Modern time periods, dances may vary from the delicate ballet up to the more street-oriented styles of breakdancing to name a few. Cite This Page.
Tagalog, Philippines Religion, Economy and Politics.
Excerpt: The Philippines — From Earliest Times to the Present
Components of Population Change One birth every 14 seconds. Cities in Philippines. Where is Philippines? Countries Starting with P. How Many People Live in Philippines? Philippines Flag. Philippines Population Pyramid Philippines Population by Age. Philippines Population Density Map. Philippines Top 20 Cities by Population. Source: GeoNames. Philippines Population Estimator. Jun World Population Clock. Source: World Population Prospects Revision. Philippines Population by Year Historical. Philippines Population by Year Projections. For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.
Yearly Change : For absolute change in total population increase or decrease in number of people over the last year from July 1, to June 30 For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. Migrants net : The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years , or subsequent five year period for data.
A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. Median Age : age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period 15 to 49 years old based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.
Urban Population : Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.